Free Falling

Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers

Bet You Can’t Catch a 50 !!

Determining Your Reaction Time

d = measure

a = 9.8 m/s/s

vi = 0 m/s

t=?

Galileo’s Expt
Drop a large cannon ball and a small musket ball at the same time from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Which one will hit the ground first?

Demo Paper vs Book Fall
Which will hit the ground first if we drop both a book and a piece of paper at the same time? OK – What could we do so they hit the ground at the same time?

The Guinea & Feather Tube Demonstration
If we place a feather and an English coin in a tube and remove all the air, which will fall faster?

In a Vacuum

Free Falling
Q – Is this a vector? And if the answer is yes, in what direction is this acceleration?

Free Falling
A – Yes, towards the center of the earth and down is negative

Free Falling
Problem 1 – A banana is dropped from rest from the top of OHS. Assume that g = 10 m/s/s. DEB -Make a table for v vs t DEB - Draw the v vs t graph for the first 4 seconds of free fall.

V in m/s

t in s

Free Falling
Time in s 0 1 2 3 4 Velocity in m/s 0 9.8 19.6 29.4 39.2

DEB - Now determine how far the banana has fallen at the end of each second. Use d = ½ a t2

Free Falling
Time in s Velocity in m/s Displacement in m

0 1 2 3 4

0 9.8 19.6 29.4 39.2

0 4.9 19.6 44.2 78.4

DEB – Draw the d vs t graph for free fall.

d in m

t in s

Free Falling
Time in s Velocity in m/s Displacement in m Acceleration In m/s/s

0 1 2 3 4

0 9.8 19.6 29.4 39.2

0 4.9 19.6 44.2 78.4

9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8

DEB - Draw the a vs t graph for free fall.

a in m/s/s

9.8

t in s

Free Fall
How far will a rock fall in the first second of free fall?
(Careful, this is a trick question that
everyone gets wrong on the first try.)

Free Fall
Hints

Hint – find the area under the v vs t graph from 0 to 1 s

Hint – use d

= ½ a t2

Free Fall on the Moon
The acceleration due to gravity on the moon is much less than it is on the Earth. g = 1.6 m/s/s

Free Fall on the Moon
Picture of Apollo 11 astronaut on the moon. Name the other guy for EC. ____________

Ed Aldrin

Free Fall on the Moon
DEB – Draw the a vs t graph, the v vs t graph and the d vs t graph for an object dropped from rest on the moon.

9.8 d v a 1.6 t t t

Problem – A ball is thrown straight up with an initial velocity of 30 m/s. It returns to the ground with a final velocity of 30 m/s. If up is Pos and down is NEG then DEB – Fill in the v vs t table DEB - Draw the v vs t graph.

time in s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Velocity in m/s +30 ? ? ? ? ? ?

Problem – A ball is thrown straight up with an initial velocity of 30 m/s. It returns to the ground with a final velocity of 30 m/s. If up is Pos and down is NEG then DEB – Fill in the v vs t table DEB - Draw the v vs t graph.

time in s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Velocity in m/s +30 +20 +10 0 -10 -20 -30

+30

V in m/s -30

?

?

t in s

Factoids regarding Free Fall
DEB – Fill in the blanks. A) time up always equals-------------. B) distance up equals---------------. C) acceleration is always down even if -----------D) velocity at the highest point is -------------. E) acceleration at the highest point is------------. F) velocity on the way down always equals------.

Factoids regarding Free Fall
Notice in free fall that the A) time up always equals the time down. B) distance up equals the distance down C) acceleration is always down even if the object is going up. D) velocity at the highest point is 0 m/s E) acceleration at the highest point is –9.8 m/s/s F) velocity on the way down always equals the velocity on the way up

Notice the acceleration vector g remains the same up and down.

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