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Water Minimisation Strategy

Water Minimisation Strategy

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Water Drivers for minimisation ?


Is the site using too much water? Is the site paying too much in effluent charges? EPR system -Target setting and performance reporting Increasing water scarcity Company reputation Sustainability

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Where Do We Start ?
Gathering the base information: Water survey Water sources Water uses and volumes Is it necessary? Disposal

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Typical Water Use In Food Manufacture

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Water Inputs & Outputs


Water inputs Water distribution Main points-of-use Assembly of existing data Water outputs Drainage system Main points-of-generation Assembly of existing data
Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Where Do our Factories Use Water? A simple balance


Based on a very simple concept: what goes in must come out (Somewhere)

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

How Do We Measure Flow?


If it isnt measured, it cant be controlled!

Simple but effective


Reading existing meters Bucket and stopwatch

More complex,

Flowmeter Pump Curves


Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Measuring Flow Other Techniques

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Measuring Flow Other Devices

Portable Ultrasonic flowmeters are a relatively inexpensive way of accurately measuring flow.

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Estimation Techniques - Calculation

Calculating Cooling Tower Consumption


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Site Water Balance - Does it Balance?


Water Balance should aim to achieve 95% accountability

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Accounting For Discrepancies


If water Balance cannot achieve 95% accountability examination of the following areas/reasons may assist improving the balance?
Method Walking Round Site Discussions with staff Employee Suggestion schemes No Blame Brainstorming Examine previous water and effluent bills Reason for inconsistency or solution Incorrectly set valves or control systems, leaks, broken valves pipes or other equipment Previously unidentified or cross connections, or unidentified take-up by product Excessive or unnecessary use Unknown or unauthorised use If changes cannot be explained by process modifications, then investigate further, e.g. relate water to output, i.e. m per unit of production, department or area

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy

Identifying Opportunities to Reduce Water use - Input


Starting with the largest water use, consider for each use shown on the water balance: Is the process/activity really necessary? Is it necessary to use water for the process/activity or could there be a cost-effective alternative? Why does the process/activity use so much water? Could a lower quality of water be used, e.g. recycled water? Can water be recover and re-used elsewhere? Is the use authorised and legal?

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Identifying Opportunities to Reduce Water use - Effluent


Starting with the largest wastewater/effluent flow, consider for each flow shown on the water balance: Is it necessary to produce this wastewater effluent? Is clean water going down the drain and, if so, why? Is the discharge authorised and legal? Can the wastewater/effluent be re-used in a process or used for lower grade duties, e.g. cleaning? Would it be cost-effective to treat the wastewater/effluent on-site for re-use?
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Water Balance Real Examples

BEW Gloucester Ice Cream

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Water Balance Real Examples

VdB Purfleet Spreads

Water P02 - Water Minimisation Strategy