Electrolytes and NonElectrolytes

What is an electrolyte?
-a substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions and hence conduct electricity.

-commonly exist as solutions of acids, bases or salts. eg. table salt (NaCl)

What is Non-electrolytes?
- a substance that does not form ions in

solution.
- Example:
Table sugar (sucrose)

How they differ?
One teaspoon of table salt (NaCl) One teaspoon of table sugar (sucrose)

One way, which might not be immediately obvious is in electrical conductivity:
The salt solution is a good conductor of electricity, whereas the sugar solution is not.

A non electrolytes solution does not contain ions, and the bulb does not light.

An electrolyte solution contains ion that serve as charge carriers, causing the bulb to light.

Ionic Compounds in Water
Dissociation of an ionic compound. When an ionic compound dissolves in water, H2O molecules separate, surround, and disperse the ions into the liquid

Ionic Compounds in Water

Molecular Compounds in Water

Glucose, a molecular compounds , dissolves without forming ions.

Categories of Electrolytes
Strong electrolytes

Weak electrolytes

Strong Electrolytes
- a compound that when dissolved in water will completely ionize or dissociate into ions. This solution conducts electricity well.

Strong electrolytes
If the solution contains a large number of ions, the bulb will be brightly lit;

Weak Electrolytes
compound that when dissolved in water only partially ionizes or dissociates into ions. That is, the compound exists in water as a mixture of individual ions and intact molecules. This solution conducts electricity weakly.

Weak electrolytes
If the solution contains a small number of ions, the bulb will be only dimly lit;

Why do acids, bases and salts all conduct electricity?
Strong electrolytes conduct an electric current because the positive ions can accept electrons, and the negative ions can donate electrons to complete the circuit.

Sugar solution

When wires connected to a bulb and battery are placed into sugar water, the bulb does not light. Sugar is a non electrolyte.

Aqueous hydrochloric acid lights the bulb brightly. Hydrochloric acid is a strong electrolyte.

Aqueous sodium hydroxide, a strong electrolyte, lights the bulb brightly.

Monosodium Glutamate Solution is a non-electrolyte, the bulb does not light.
MSG SOLUTION

Muriatic Acid is a strong electrolyte, lights the bulb brightly.

Distilled Water is a nonelectrolyte, the bulb does not light.

Distilled Water

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