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SPRITUALITY

Presented by:
• • • • • • Gautam Akash Avtar Sarabjeet Zahid Nishant

What’s Spirituality?
„ „ „ „ „ „ Relation with God, Spirit, Universal Power Seek meaning, purpose, significance in life Transcending the ego self ( “I, Me, Mine”) Striving for what is sacred in life Spiritus” ‟ breath or life Fostering virtues/character strengths such as: love, compassion, hope, faith, humility, forgiveness, gratitude…

but it can be much broader than that. Georgia Southwestern State University: 2003. and the arts. This concept is found in all cultures and societies.“Spirituality is recognized as a factor that contributes to health in many persons. . It’s expressed in an individual’s search for ultimate meaning through participation in a religion. naturalism. belief in God. humanism. such as.” Institute for Human Development. rationalism. family.

or other defined leaders. SPIRITUALITY _________________________________ . Encompasses the individual’s sense of self. ministers. gurus. rabbis. sense of mission and purpose in life  It connotes a direct and personal experience of what each individual considers sacred and it is not mediated by a particular belief system prescribed by dogma or by hierarchical structure  It is not defined by roles such as priests.

highly regarded by a group or society leading to selfacceptance.SPIRITUAL CONCEPTS _________________ Spiritual belief: “God or Higher Power can restore him/her to sanity”. Spiritual values: Qualities or ideals culturally derived. Spiritual principles: Code of conduct or frame for action that moves people toward the realization of values. .

elation. peace or fulfillment Spiritual growth: Embodies a powerful connection to people.Spiritual experience: Moment of clarity or a felt sense of wonder. the world or the universe .

SPIRITUAL BEHAVIOR        _____________________________________ Prayer Meditation Walking in nature Reading poetry/sacred texts Lighting a candle Listening to music Smelling incense .

HOW TO INCORPORATE SPIRITUALITY AS AN EFFECTIVE INSTRUMENT OF CHANGE  Assess and understand patient’s spiritual beliefs  Acknowledge respect and listen carefully to patient’s beliefs  Explore emotions and make empathic statements  Stimulate spiritual narrative  Connect spirituality with social affiliation and recovery  Mobilize support .

PITFALLS IN DISCUSSIONS ABOUT SPIRITUAL ISSUES  Trying to solve the patient’s problems or resolve unanswerable questions  Going beyond the clinician’s expertise and role  Imposing the clinicians spiritual religious beliefs on the patient  Argue with patient’s view point or spiritual beliefs. .

„ Expressed differently in religious faiths.Spirituality and religion „ Spirituality is found in all human cultures. . „ Common mechanism for transcendence.

Attend services 78 % Seeking meaning and purpose 67 % Pray regularly 47 % Seeking ways to grow spiritually -Astin et al.2005 N= 112.Spiritual Life of College Students     80 % Believe in God.232 in 236colleges .

Shades of Spirituality Spiritual? Religious? Both? Neither? Evidence suggests Americans are: 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 50% 30% 20% 10% Religious & Religious Spiritual Not Spiritual Relig/Spirit .

anti-scientific . militant. end justifies means. authoritarian.Some Concerns  Neglect of spiritual practices and skills  Expanding individualistic “I.  Fundamentalism in religion/spirituality: exclusive. Mine” mindsets. rigid.

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harmony. order. then that can inculcate global harmony „ Technology has brought many comforts but at the cost of mental calmness „ Materialism in the age of plenty eventually makes many people insecure .SPIRITUALITY AND MODERN WORLD „ Spiritual thinking modes help in creating peace. „ If in turbulent world people consider spirituality.

matter falls” That can be panacea for various human materialistic problems „ A balance need to exist in material desires „ Beware of GREED and its fallout .„ “Spirit rises.

Corruption .NEED FOR SPIRITUALITY „ Unequal & Unbalanced Development „ Strife in Society „ Stress in Individuals „ Degradation: Pollution.

past/future Be Recognising others. Through self sacrfice . As they are/give space Self Satisfaction. Thoughts prevent access to spiritual Be Present.Demands/Expectations.BEING SPIRITUAL AT WORK „ „ „ „ Practices in daily work life Be Silent.

enables man to rise to the level of Godliness. the power of working in and for divine and thus in turn benefit mankind by our work and noble deeds. Spirituality gives us the much needed orientation to serve the society with fullest of our abilities and to serve God through the service of man.Why we need Spirituality? The divinity with in. . We need spirituality to create and utilize the immense wealth of knowledge and the power of mind. if truly experienced.

but not spiritual „ Spiritual and religious „ Neither religious nor spiritual . but not religious „ Religious.Relationships Between Spirituality and Religion „ Spiritual.

EMPIRICAL DATA ON RELIGION. „ Coping with death and other stressors is better . SPIRITUALITY & HEALTH „ Extensive empirical studies reveal that acitvely religious people have lower rates of many physical disorders ranging from cancer to heart disease. „ Mortality rates are lower.

including surgery are better for religiously active individuals (Larson & Larson.„ Recovery rates from almost everything. 1994) „ A TIME survey in 1996 revealed that over 70% of patients polled believed that spiritual faith and prayer help in illness recover .

„ 64% of those surveyed believed physicians should talk to patients about spiritual issues as part of their care and pray with patients if they request it .

1995). and the more religious they are the greater their protection from death (Oxman. & Manheimer. . Freeman.„ One of the strongest predictors of survival after heart surgery is the degree to which patients draw strength from religion or spirituality.

„ Weekly church attendees have been found to have 50% fewer deaths from coronary artery disease. & Partridge. 56% fewer deaths from emphysema. 74% fewer deaths from cirrhosis and 53% fewer suicides (Comstock. 1972) .

SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION _____________________________________  94% of Americans believe in God or a Higher Power  75% of Americans say religion is central to their lives  62% of Americans claim to be a member of an organized religion  9% of Americans stated that they have no religion preference .

RELIGION Displays specific behavioral. minister. social. mission and purpose.rabbi. . iman) . doctrinal characteristics.SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION SPIRITUALITY Involves a sense of self. Unrelated to a specific dogma. hierarchical. guru. Involves a system of worship and doctrine shared by a group Involves an authority or leader (priest. belief system or defined roles BOTH Sense of trascendence Basis of meaning and purpose in life and work Help give meaning to suffering Extend individual’s copying resources.

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