 Practically.CONSUMER  One who buys good or services and deserves to get what he pays for in real quantity and quality. . everyone is a consumer of varied goods and services.

However. Section 3(1) CPA 1999 states consumer means a person who : a)Acquires or uses goods or services of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal or domestic household purposes used for consumption b)Does not acquire or uses goods or services.For example. . an entrepreneur who buys a product and later sells it without using it. does not hold himself out from using what is offered to him.

 Began as a protest against sub-standard goods and fraudulent business practices. the right to employment and education.CONSUMERISM  A social movement whose aim is to protect or care the buyers of goods or services against fraudulent dealings or inferior services. the right to a safe environment.It later then turned into a movement with public support and government help .  A part of human rights – The right to good and shelter.

CONSUMER RIGHTS  The Right to Adequate Information  The Right to Quality and Safety of Goods and Services  Right to choose  Right to be heard  Right to get consumer education  Right to a healthy environment  Right to redress .

 In each state there is a Consumer Protection Advisory Council . information of the Domestic Trade and the Consumer Affairs Ministry.CONSUMER MOVEMENTS  Establishment of the National Advisory Council for the consumer protection of 1973  More so.

consumer groups.CONSUMER MOVEMENTS  Functions of the National Advisory Council: 1) To find ways to protect consumer 2) Advise the Domestic Trade and the Consumer Affairs  The council is composed of the representatives from state governments. and trade associations . environmental bodies.

Water.  Consumer protection is the responsibility of various government agencies. depending on the consumer related function performed by the respective ministries: A) Ministry of Domestic Trade & Consumer Affairs B) Ministry of Energy.CONT. Communications and Multimedia C) Ministry of Agriculture D) Ministry of Housing & Local Governments E) Ministry of Health .

 NGOs: A) Federation of Malaysian Consumer Association (FOMCA) . initially known as Selangor Consumer Association 1965 B) Consumer Association of Penang (CAP) C) Education and Research Association for Consumer (ERA) .

anyone who gets involved in any of these suspected items. in between these two are certain things which are suspect or shubha... is innocent towards his religion and his conscience.CONSUMER AND HALAL PRODUCTS  Definition : guidelines compiled by Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM) based on Islamic authorities.many people may not know whether those items are halal or haram. may fall into the unlawful and prohibited” .  Example of hadeeth : “Halal (lawful) is clear and haram (prohibited). (but) whosoever leaves them.

 5 main objectives of Halal Development Corporation food : 1. beverages and other products and services . beverages and other products and services 3. 2. To inform the public regarding issues halal and haram.Cont. or containing parts of animal origin which Islamic law forbids t be consumed. To provide a a list of non-Malaysian suppliers & manufacturers of food.  It is also defined as food not made of. To provide a complete list of Malaysian suppliers and manufacturers of halal food.

manufacturers. . To provide an avenue for producers. To assist interested parties in procurement of halal and services.4. suppliers and services providers of halal products to advertise or sell their products and services 5.

eateries or abattoirs. JAKIM or JAIN.  The list of foreign Halal certificate issuing authority is also provided.  Many may just take for granted the Halal wording or the logo without checking further.  As long as they are confident with the brand name while those who are not sure will contact the consumer associations.ISSUES REGARDING HALAL PRODUCTS IN MALAYSIA  Muslims may be sensitive to the Halal aspect in what they consume and use. .  The Halal directory allows the public to check details on Halal certificate whether it is for products.