Silicon and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Aerobic Rice

Yogendra N.D University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, INDIA

5th International Conference on Silicon in Agriculture,

13th 18th September 2011, Bijing, China.

72 92.00% 14.7 million hectares.62 26.40% % Share of TFG 42.52% Wheat % Share of TFG 14. of the total 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1996-01 2001-06 2006-07 1996-01 100 Production in MT 2001-06 2006-07 Area in Mha 50 0 Rice 85 85. and contributes>40% food production.40% 23.76 Rice % Share of TFG 23.85 44.30% 34.03 .31 42.89 % Share of TFG 35.61 69.50% 42.70% 1996-01 2001-06 2006-07 1996-01 2001-06 2006-07 44.10% 14.67 26.44.INTRODUCTION Rice occupies a pivotal place in India’s national food and livelihood security system.2 28.10% 23.40% 42.60% 35.73 74. Rice .90% Wheat 70.

Japan & Brazil South Africa  Silicon nutrition in Indian rice farming has not received proper attention Rice yields in intensively cultivated areas are either decelerating/stagnating/declining in the post green revolution era •Imbalance in fertilizer use •Soil degradation •Type of cropping system practiced •Lack of suitable rice genotypesdisease and drought .Rice and silicon  Rice is a silicon accumulator plant  Silicon (Si) is agronomically essential element (Ma et al..Florida. 2001)  Quassi essential element (Epstein 2005)  Four Si in Agriculture Conferences.

Reasons for Silicon deficiency: • Old and degraded soils in temperate or subtropical climates. addition of silicon . • Organic soils with small mineral Si reserves • Highly weathered and leached tropical soils in rainfed lowland and upland areas • Growing rice crop continuously without fertilizers and rice straw to soil.

4. Natural inputs : Irrigation water contains certain amount of silicon. Straw management : Incorporation of rice straw after the harvest of crop reduces Si deficiency in the long run. . 2. Post harvest measures : Recycling of rice hulls/rice hull ash reduces the silicon deficiency to some extent. Fertilizer Management : Avoid applying excessive and unbalanced amounts of N fertilizer. 3.Silicon management: 1.

Nitrogen management: .

5 water) Organic Carbon(%) Available Phosphorus (kg ha-1) Available Potassium (kg ha-1) Available Silicon (kg ha-1) Exchangeable Calcium (meq 100g-1) Exchangeable Magnesium (meq 100g-1) .Physico-chemical properties of soil Parameter Kharif 08 Kharif 09 pH (1:2.

USA .05 .0.0 12.2 0.02 0.0 3.5 0.0 4.02 0.0 9.04 0.33 Source: Excel Minerals.02 .0.Elemental composition of calcium silicate Composition Amount (%) 30.0.0 Calcium Magnesium Silicon Manganese Aluminum Iron Sulfur Titanium Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Boron Copper 1.14 0.0 0.00 .

P & K)  T2 : 100 kg N ha-1 (RDF)  T3 : T2 + CaSiO3 @ 2t ha-1  T4 : T3 + Basal 30 kg N ha-1 (LCC-3)  T5 : T4 + CaSiO3 @ 2t ha-1 .Treatment Details  T1 : Control (-N. P & K)  T2 : 60 kg N ha-1 (No basal LCC-3)  T3 : 90 kg N ha-1 (Urea 30 kg N ha-1 as basal)  T4 : 100 kg N ha-1 (RDF)  T1 : Control (-N.

9 46.5 67.Effect of Si and N on grain.3 + Si 5106.0 33.1 5579.7 6154.1 5805.6 6183.0 5676.8 Mean 4681.1 5274.0 29.3 77.9 Mean 3460.2 68.7 94.6 10.2 5591.9 5647.0 5160.6 115.4 4723.3 4410.0 +Si 3685.3 79.7 4904.8 4448.9 59.4 4.6 143.5 81.3 7075.3 5456.2 7025.6 6212.Si 4756.5 Chaffy grain (kg ha-1) -Si 36.0 Mean 34.0 4901.5 12.0 4686.7 4981.1 58.3 161.9 5117.2 6974.4 4.8 4728.7 0. 0 52.0 5970.1 5335.4 5326.8 49.3 5.2 67.6 +Si 32.9 5025.8 5114.5 0.0 70.6 61.5 5645.3 Straw yield (kg ha-1) .9 5547.9 4465.5 58.7 60.4 4519.8 5798.4 72.9 130.7 65. straw and chaffy grain yield of aerobic rice during Kharif 2008 Treatments T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 Mean SEM ± Main (N) Sub (Si) Main (N) Sub (Si) Interaction N x Si T1: 0 kg N ha-1 (Control) Grain yield (kg ha-1) -Si 3234.9 CD (5%) T2: 60 kg N ha-1 (No basal + LCC-3) T3: 90 kg N ha-1 (Urea at 30 kg N ha-1 + LCC-3) T4: 90 kg N ha-1 (DAP at 30 kg N ha-1 + LCC-3) T5: 90 kg N ha-1 (Ca (NO3)2 at 30 kg N ha-1 + LCC-3) T6: 100 kg N ha-1 as Urea (RDF) .5 182.2 5822.

P). 2. HYDRABAD (A.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 1. INDIA. HARSCO INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED. EXCEL MINERALS. USA .

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