   Nasiha Al-Sakina Binti Abdul Rahman(1176) Shahiza Binti Salamat(1150) Nurhayati Binti Yacob(1140)  Nur Fatin Syaqira Binti Eerwan Yusni(1179)79) .

bar. Drawing is a metalworking process which uses tensile forces to stretch metal. rods or hollow sections in order to reduce forces. For wire. and tube drawing. It is broken up into two types: sheet metal drawing and wire. and tube drawing the starting stock is drawn through a die to reduce its diameter and increase its length. bar. Drawing is usually done at room temperature. thus classified a cold working process. The specific definition for sheet metal drawing is that it involves plastic deformation over a curved axis. . however it may be performed at elevated temperatures to hot work large wires.

COLD DRAWING • for sheet metal. it refers to the forming of parts where plastic form occurs over a curved axis • for wire. or tubing. straight-pull draw benches are employed on finitelength stock Rod Die . it refers to the process of reducing the cross section of the material by pulling it through a die  Rod. rod. Bar and Tube Drawing Rod or bar drawing If the product cannot be bent or coiled conveniently.

copper alloys. Inexpensive materials can be used instead of expensive alloys for strength requirements. and wire drawing all work upon the same principle: the starting stock drawn through a die to reduce the diameter and increase the length. and aluminium alloys are common materials that are drawn. Steels. . The end is then placed in grips and the rest of the workpiece is pulled through the die. Usually the die is mounted on a draw bench. Cold drawn cross-sections are more precise and have a better surface finish than hot extruded parts.  Tube. Drawing can also be used to produce a cold formed shaped cross-section. due to work hardening. The end of the workpiece is reduced or pointed to get the end through the die.

This technique has long been used to produce flexible metal wire by drawing the material through a series of dies of decreasing size.  A number of stages are often used as cold working hardens the metal and there may be annealing operation between the various drawing stages in order to soften the material so that further drawing can take place.  Wire drawing involves the pulling in of metal through a die in order to reduce the diameter that required.  . the most common being tungsten carbide and diamond. These dies are manufactured from a number of materials.

B. Wire Drawing • involves smaller diameter material Carbide die Starting stock in coil form Steel casing Die Lubrication box Draw block Back relief Land Direction of travel Back radius Approach angle Entrance angle .

This process produces high quality tubing with precise dimensions. tube drawing is suitable for both large and small scale production. There are five types of tube drawing: tube sinking. by drawing the tube through a die. and floating mandrel. and the added strength of cold working. mandrel drawing. good surface finish. moving mandrel.  Tube drawing is a metalworking process to size tube by shrinking a large diameter tube into a smaller one. A mandrel is used in many of the types to prevent buckling or wrinkling in the workpiece . Because it is so versatile. stationary mandrel.

thin walls.Tube Drawing • can be used to produce high quality tubing where the product requires the smooth surfaces. Die Die Tube Mandrel Floating plug Die . accurate dimension and added strength.

Advantages Increases in mechanical strength and hardness.  The more matter is worked harder and more brittle the material become. Expensive cost than hot process.   Disadvantages Decrease in ductility.    .(no oxidation)  Accurate measurement can be get with exact dimension control.  Better surface finishing.

 i. ii. Library W.Universiti Teknologi Malaysia P. iii. Pearson Prentice Hall Internet file:///C:/Users/Fatin/Downloads/Drawing%20(manufacturing)%20%20Wikipedia.%20the%20free%20encyclopedia.Butterworth Heinemann Jasmi Hashim.(Third Edition).(2003)Pemprosesan Bahan.(1998)Engineering Materials Technology.(Edisi Pertama).Bolton.htm .Sharma(2004) Engineering Materials(Properties And Application Of Metal And Alloy).  i.

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