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Exp er ime nt 10

Influence of Load on
Muscle Contraction
Ob je ctive

 To measure and compare the influence

of different loads on contraction of
Me thodolo gy
 Experimental animal: frog
 Specimen: nerve-muscle preparation
 Equipment: Kymograph, lead weights
 Procedures:
 Set up this experiment as in Experiment 9
 With the drum remaining stationary, record the
contraction of the muscle stimulated by break
shocks capable of producing maximal contraction
Me thodolo gy
 Turn the drum 1 cm and repeat the procedure after
placing 1 gm weight then 5, 10, and 20 gm weights.
Increase the weight progressively until the muscle is
unable to lift the load
 Recording
 Label the tracing indicating the load in grams for each
 Measure the height of the contraction from base to the
peak, following a straight line. Do not measure the curve of
the contraction
Re su lt s and Dis cussio n
Re su lt s and Dis cussio n

 Based on the results of our experiment,

there is an inverse relationship between
the load and muscle contraction. When
the muscle is free from load, it is able to
reach maximum contraction, which is
14.33 mm. When the 1st load weighing 1
gm was added, it reached 13.5 mm. The
2nd load weighing 5 gm reached 5 mm.
Re su lt s and Dis cussio n

 The third load which is 10 gm. reached 3

mm. The fourth load weighing 20 gm
reached 2 mm.

• This experiment was able to show the

effects of different loads on muscle
Re su lt s and Dis cussio n

 The group chose to perform this

experiment since it shows the effects of
adding loads to muscle contraction,
which in turn relates with the changing
rates of exercise in response to variation
of load during exercise.
Re su lt s and Dis cussio n
Load (in gram/s) Height of contraction
(in mm)
0 (free from load) 14.33
1 13.5
5 5
10 3
20 2
Co nclusion

 As the tension or the load increases, the

amount of muscle contraction decreases.
An sw ers to Qu estio ns

 What is the afterload of the muscle?

What is its importance?
 A weight attached to a muscle but supported
so that it is not engaged until the muscle
begins to contract constitutes an afterload.
 The afterload determines the work that the
muscle must do.
An sw ers to Qu estio ns

 What is the optimum load?

 The optimum load for a muscle is its ability
to produce external power. At both lighter or
heavier than the optimum load, the output
power diminishes.
An sw ers to Qu estio ns
 What is isometric contraction?
 If the afterload is greater than the muscle
can lift, the muscle develops tension
without shortening externally.
 What is the influence of load on muscle
 As the load increases, the rate of
contraction will decrease.