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The cell

Definition: It the basic units of structure &function
.in the living organisms

It is the.smallest living component of biological systems
R. Hooke (1665): described tiny square boxes of a
.thin slice of cork called them cells
Leeuwenkoek (1675): described the 1st living
Brown (1831): described the presence of a
central body in each cell & called it the
nucleus (1838): show allplants are composed
.of cells (1839): show allanimals are composed
of cells ++ animal cell lacks cell wall that
.found in plant cell

protoplasm Virchow (1855):show all cells come from .of DNA which is hereditary material Combined work of scientists :cell theory :It states .pre. existing cells by cell division Watson & Crick (1953):develop the model . Purkinge (1840) & (Von Mohl (1846): Show the importance of the internal contents of the cell & applied the term .can perform all the functions of life all cells must come from pre-existing -3 .all living organisms are made of cells -1 the cell is the smallest living thing that -2 .cells .

small in size Relatively * Absence of nuclear * . bacteria . There are two basic types of cells (according to internal complexity) :which are Prokaryotes -1 . bounded organelles The presence of Note: * Bacteria . membrane i.* . nucleus Absence of membrane.Mostly primitive * .cell (plasma) membrane e.g.e.

Another shape of bacteria .

* .e. Again: The main characters of prokaryotic :cells are .cell (plasma) membrane .small in size Relatively * Absence of nuclear * . nucleus Absence of membrane.Mostly primitive * Prokaryotic cell . membrane i. bounded organelles The presence of Note: * .

Animal and plant cells A eukaryotic animal cell .organelles e.((nucleus The presence * of membrane- bounded .g.complex forms The presence * of nuclear membrane . Eukaryotes -2 The main characters of eukaryotic :cells are Include * .

Another shape of eukaryotic animal cell An animal cell .

Another shape of eukaryotic animal cell .

Another shape of eukaryotic animal cell .

tonoplast A eukaryotic plant cell Central vacuole mitochondrio n nuclear envolope nucleus chromatin microtubules nucleolus microfilament rough endoplasmic s (reticulum (ER chloroplast smooth ER plasmodesma ta peroxisome ribosomes cell wall Golgi apparatus plasma membrane .

Another shape of eukaryotic plant cell .

square.etc.cell division 2. spherical.5 kg . * The smallest is red blood cell (RBC). amoeboid. ???!!!!!! 4. 30 cm). ???!!!! Cell shape Variable: oval. The difference between plant cells & animal cells :where The plant cells lack centrioles which involved in -1 mitotic .Plant cells have cell wall (composed cellulose. columnar…. * The largest is the ovum (egg) {ostrich egg = 0. Plant cells have chloroplasts (site of photosynthesis). . polyhedral. pectin or both of them). Cell size Variable: related to the function. * The longest is the nerve cell (1 m). spindle.Plant cells have large central vacuole. 3. flat.

The cell Cytoplasm Nucleus (Organelles (organoids Inclusions Nuclear -1 membrane Nuclear sap -2 Membranous Non-membranous Nucleoli -3 .org .org Chromatin -4 stored -1 network Cell -1 -1 food secretory -2 membrane Mitochondria -2 Ribosomes -2 granules colored pigments -3 Microtubules Endoplasmic -3 Centrioles -3 reticulum Crystals -4 Golgi apparatus -4 Lysosomes -5 Microbodies -6 ( (peroxisomes .