This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life.” --Albert Camus
What is Existentialism?
Existentialism is defined by the slogan: EXISTENCE PRECEDES ESSENCE This means we have no predetermined nature or essence that controls who we are, what we do, or what we value. We are thrown into existence without a predetermined nature, and only later do we construct our essence through our actions.
Existence Precedes Essence .
The Existential Condition The Existential condition is characterized by three main things: 1.) Facticity (throwness): We find ourselves thrown into a world we don't control and didn't choose. The world is indifferent to our concerns. .
e.The Existential Condition 2.) Anxiety: We are burdened with the task of choosing our own nature and values (i. . our essence).
These three things lead to… EXISTENTIAL ANGST . We must despair of any hope of external value or meaning.The Existential Condition 3.) Despair: We are faced with the lack of any external source of value or meaning.
Free Choice Ironically. but also the ultimate burden. . Mastery and commandment of free will are existential ideals. much of existential angst comes from our freedom to choose. Existentialists believe that free choice is the ultimate prize.
uniquely conscious beings.Summary: The Existential Condition We. are “thrown” into the world: There is no justification for our existence There is no fixed human nature or predetermined direction for our lives There is no purpose or meaning in life .
Subjective: Our understanding of the world must lie within our individual actions and experience. that is. .How to Deal with it Correctly The Positive Task: live authentically. you are a unique being. be true to the kind of being that you are: Free: Create who we are through our choices. Commit to a particular life fully. and see it through. Individual: Do not identify with accepted norms.
All is not Doom and Gloom The existential problem: If we are free to choose our own values instead of taking them from external sources. no matter how evil or selfish? The existential solution: In order to act freely. We must act as any free agent would act. . hence we must act as we would like other people to act. can we do anything we want. we must not let our action be determined by any of our particular desires or interests.
Every decision must be weighed in light of all the consequences of that action… Life is irrational and absurd. but we engage it! . At every moment it is always his own free will choosing how to act. Thus. he must create a morality in the absence of any known predetermined absolute values. He is responsible for his actions.To Review… An existentialist believes that a person‟s life is nothing but the sum of the life he has shaped for himself. Honesty with oneself is the most important value. which limit future actions.
Educational Implications of Existentialism “The philosophy of existentialism has not displayed any particular interest in education. .” Therefore. it has been observed that the educational implications are derived and deduced from their philosophy rather than that are developed by existentialists.
. Education for happiness is a dangerous doctrine because there can be no happiness without pain and no ecstasy without suffering. Students must develop a consistent scale of values and so act to be prepared to die for these values than to live without them.Aims and Objectives of Education and Existentialism Education helps an individual to realize the best that he is capable of.
Aims and Objectives of Education and Existentialism Every individual is unique. . Education must make pupil aware of the infinite possibilities of his freedom and the responsibilities he must bear in life. The most important aim in education is the becoming of a human person as one who lives and makes decisions about what he will do and be.
. Education for perfection of man in his environment. More importance to subjective knowledge than objective knowledge.Aims and Objectives of Education and Existentialism Education for complete development of personality.
Education should train men to make better choices and also give the man the idea that since his choices are never perfect . the consequences cannot be predicted. .Aims and Objectives of Education and Existentialism Education should create consciousness for „self‟.
to give understanding of his „being‟ and ultimately lead him to his heavenly abode” .Aims and Objectives of Education and Existentialism “The ultimate aim of education is to make man conscious of his destination.
He is the creator of such as educational situation in which the student can establish contact with himself by becoming conscious of himself and can achieve selfrealization. . He must help the pupils to be „original‟ and „authentic‟.Teacher and Existentialism He must himself be a free personality.
Teacher and Existentialism He must build a positive relationship between himself and the students. He should avoid applying labels to children. He is also changing and growing as he guides the pupil in his discovery of self. .
They do not want the child to become selfish. autocratic and irresponsible. Education should be provided according to the child‟s powers and needs. .Child and Existentialism The existentialists want to give full freedom to the child.
. harsh discipline and fear of failure. Primary emphasis must always be on the child. not labels.Child and Existentialism The child has to make choices and decisions. Child needs positive evaluation. Child thrives better from intense competition. as learner and not on the learning program.
limitations and conflicts. It traces the origin of all these and anticipates that man will overcome them. . It describes and diagnoses human weaknesses.CONCLUSION Interest is directed on „man‟.
. choice and responsibility. which means that he should become more and more „authentic‟. It preaches the doctrine of action and emphasizes the concept of freedom. They want the „transcendence‟ of man.CONCLUSION They do not want man to be philistine or mediocre who submerges himself.
emotion and the subjective… Each of us is responsible for everything and to every human being. –Simone de Beauvoir .Human existence cannot be captured by reason or objectivity –– it must include passion.