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SCORM Standards

in Practice
Implications for Design and
Development
Rovy Branon, Eli Lilly and Co.
Brian Beatty, Indiana University
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Overview
 What is SCORM – an overview
 Why is SCORM important?
 When should you SCORM?
 How will SCORM change your design?
 Sample SCORM(s)
 Resources to help you SCORM

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What is the SCORM?

The Shareable Content


Object Reference Model
(SCORM) is a set of
interrelated technical
standards for developing
web-based learning
content

Source: ADL website: http://www.adlnet.org

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Who is creating the SCORM?
ADL is a DoD Initiative
 Founded in 1997
 Numerous organizational partners (IMS, AICC, IEEE LTSC, ARIADNE)
 Academic partners
 Business partnerships with LMS and content creators

The ADL vision:


 Advance the state of the art (for learning technology)
 Enhance pursue emerging network-based technologies
 Facilitate common standards
 Lower development costs
 Work with industry to influence off-the shelf development

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What is the goal of the SCORM?
To be a technical standard to enable the “ilities”

Reusability – can be modified and used by many


different tools

Interoperability
– operate across a wide variety of
hardware, operating systems and browsers

Durability – no modification as versions of software


change

Accessibility – can be indexed and found as needed


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What is the SCORM…NOT?
 A new model for instructional design
 A learning object strategy
 Complete…

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Why is SCORM important?
Mandates for use:
 DoD contracts
 Other U.S. government branches (DoL, DoE)
 Most LMS providers will support the SCORM
 Some businesses

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When should you SCORM?
 Building courses that will be used by the DoD or other
gov’t agencies

 Need to track learners

 Reusable, durable content

 Share content across many contexts

 Content must work consistently in various LMSs –


interoperability for tracking

 Large number of learners and courses 8


How will SCORM change your design?
 Thinking about reusability
 Context
 Learning Objects

 Technical requirements
 Constraints
 Workload
 Navigation
 Packaging

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Learning Object Defined
 "A Learning Object,
or SCORM Content
Aggregation, is a
collection of
Sharable Content
Objects (SCOs)
described by a
SCORM manifest
file."
Source: Online SCORM Course: http://www.scorm.tamucc.edu/scorm/home.html

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SCOs …

Source: Online SCORM Course: http://www.scorm.tamucc.edu/scorm/home.html

"A SCO is a set of related resources that comprise a


complete unit of learning content compatible with
SCORM run-time requirements."
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SCO Defined By:
 a SCO is the lowest level component that might
be used in another course,
 a SCO should provide useful learning content by
itself, and
 a SCO must be designed to be launched and
tracked by a SCORM-compliant LMS.

"A SCO is a set of related resources that comprise a complete unit


of learning content compatible with SCORM run-time
requirements."

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SCORM Assets
 a SCORM Asset is a collection of one or more
resources that are appropriate for sharing
among SCOs, and
 when packaged, an Asset should contain the
appropriate meta-data making it searchable in a
SCORM repository.

Source: Online SCORM Course: http://www.scorm.tamucc.edu/scorm/home.html


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The “Golden Rule” of SCORM
"A SCO must never, never link directly to
another SCO!"

 between-SCO navigation must be done


by the LMS
 within-SCO navigation is the sole
responsibility of the SCO

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ReadyGo sample course
 As we look at this course, what design
features make it SCORM conformant?
 Does this course follow the Golden Rules
of SCORM?
 What impact on the learner’s experience
might result (if any)?

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Issues Remain …
 Evolving standards

 Avoiding the cookie cutter

 Incorporating learning theory and instructional


design/learning principles

 Will the “spirit of SCORM” be readily adopted by


the education and training community?

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What is the future of the SCORM?
(Should you SCORN the SCORM?)

 The model will certainly influence the


development of LMS systems

 Large-scale off-the-shelf course development

 Personalized learning based on the ability of an


LMS to assemble SCOs from vast repositories is
questionable.

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Resources to help you SCORM
 www.adlnet.org
 DeMystifying SCORM Presentation
http://www.adlnet.org/ADLDOCS/Other/DemystifyingSCORM.zip

 Dr. Ed’s SCORM Course


http://www.scorm.tamucc.edu/scorm/home.html
 Create your own SCORM course – sample software:
http://www.readygo.com/trial
 Attend Plugfest 7
http://www.adlnet.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=Plugfest7&cfid=317301&cftoken=50825127

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Contact Info
 Rovy Branon
Instructional Designer
Eli Lilly and Company
Indiana University
rbranon@indiana.edu

 Brian Beatty, PhD


Research Associate
CRLT, Indiana University
bjbeatty@indiana.edu

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