You are on page 1of 19

SCORM Standards

in Practice
Implications for Design and
Rovy Branon, Eli Lilly and Co.
Brian Beatty, Indiana University
 What is SCORM – an overview
 Why is SCORM important?
 When should you SCORM?
 How will SCORM change your design?
 Sample SCORM(s)
 Resources to help you SCORM

What is the SCORM?

The Shareable Content

Object Reference Model
(SCORM) is a set of
interrelated technical
standards for developing
web-based learning

Source: ADL website:

Who is creating the SCORM?
ADL is a DoD Initiative
 Founded in 1997
 Numerous organizational partners (IMS, AICC, IEEE LTSC, ARIADNE)
 Academic partners
 Business partnerships with LMS and content creators

The ADL vision:

 Advance the state of the art (for learning technology)
 Enhance pursue emerging network-based technologies
 Facilitate common standards
 Lower development costs
 Work with industry to influence off-the shelf development

What is the goal of the SCORM?
To be a technical standard to enable the “ilities”

Reusability – can be modified and used by many

different tools

– operate across a wide variety of
hardware, operating systems and browsers

Durability – no modification as versions of software


Accessibility – can be indexed and found as needed

What is the SCORM…NOT?
 A new model for instructional design
 A learning object strategy
 Complete…

Why is SCORM important?
Mandates for use:
 DoD contracts
 Other U.S. government branches (DoL, DoE)
 Most LMS providers will support the SCORM
 Some businesses

When should you SCORM?
 Building courses that will be used by the DoD or other
gov’t agencies

 Need to track learners

 Reusable, durable content

 Share content across many contexts

 Content must work consistently in various LMSs –

interoperability for tracking

 Large number of learners and courses 8

How will SCORM change your design?
 Thinking about reusability
 Context
 Learning Objects

 Technical requirements
 Constraints
 Workload
 Navigation
 Packaging

Learning Object Defined
 "A Learning Object,
or SCORM Content
Aggregation, is a
collection of
Sharable Content
Objects (SCOs)
described by a
SCORM manifest
Source: Online SCORM Course:

SCOs …

Source: Online SCORM Course:

"A SCO is a set of related resources that comprise a

complete unit of learning content compatible with
SCORM run-time requirements."
SCO Defined By:
 a SCO is the lowest level component that might
be used in another course,
 a SCO should provide useful learning content by
itself, and
 a SCO must be designed to be launched and
tracked by a SCORM-compliant LMS.

"A SCO is a set of related resources that comprise a complete unit

of learning content compatible with SCORM run-time

SCORM Assets
 a SCORM Asset is a collection of one or more
resources that are appropriate for sharing
among SCOs, and
 when packaged, an Asset should contain the
appropriate meta-data making it searchable in a
SCORM repository.

Source: Online SCORM Course:

The “Golden Rule” of SCORM
"A SCO must never, never link directly to
another SCO!"

 between-SCO navigation must be done

by the LMS
 within-SCO navigation is the sole
responsibility of the SCO

ReadyGo sample course
 As we look at this course, what design
features make it SCORM conformant?
 Does this course follow the Golden Rules
 What impact on the learner’s experience
might result (if any)?

Issues Remain …
 Evolving standards

 Avoiding the cookie cutter

 Incorporating learning theory and instructional

design/learning principles

 Will the “spirit of SCORM” be readily adopted by

the education and training community?

What is the future of the SCORM?
(Should you SCORN the SCORM?)

 The model will certainly influence the

development of LMS systems

 Large-scale off-the-shelf course development

 Personalized learning based on the ability of an

LMS to assemble SCOs from vast repositories is

Resources to help you SCORM
 DeMystifying SCORM Presentation

 Dr. Ed’s SCORM Course
 Create your own SCORM course – sample software:
 Attend Plugfest 7

Contact Info
 Rovy Branon
Instructional Designer
Eli Lilly and Company
Indiana University

 Brian Beatty, PhD

Research Associate
CRLT, Indiana University