Special Discussion Session for Existing and Potential Senior Government Officials of Nepal

“Status, upliftment efforts, problems,
solutions and potentialities of Indigenous, Madhesi, Dalit, Disable and Women in Nepal”

Presented By
Krishna H. Pushkar, Under Secretary Government of Nepal khpushkar@gmail.com

Organization of the Presentation
• • • • • • • Introduction Reviews and analysis of upliftment efforts Reviews of existing laws and policies Contemporary issues Problems, solutions and potentialities Potential questions Discussions

(Briefing and explanations content huge range of data and statistical analysis)

Terminological Introduction
Aadibasi (Antediluvian Residence), Janjati (Excluded from Hindu castisms’ classification), Madhesi (claimed antediluvian residence and has specific cast, mother tongue and culture) ,Dalit ( previously discard untouchable and segregated groups of cast) Disable(Physically or mentally unable) and Women ( Human female)
(Note: Some controversy is remained left in definition due to absence of proper legacy and legitimacy)

• • • Aadibasi Janjati :(AJ)Population: 37.2%, No of AJ: 59, Representation in CA: Apx. 35%, Below poverty line: 44%, Literacy: 48.8, HDI: 0.494, civil service-18% & culturally rich but remained deprived and poor. Madhesi: Population: 31.2%, No of Madhesi: 36, Representation in CA: Apx. 24%, Below poverty line: 25%, Literacy: 48. HDI: 0.448, civil service-9%, culturally rich but remained distanced, deprived and poor. Dalit: Population: 13%, No of Dalit: 5+17=22, Representation in CA: Apx. 8.3%, Below poverty line: 46%, Literacy: 33.8. HDI: 0.424, civil service-1%, culturally rich but remained deprived, marginalized exploited, away and poor. Disable: Population: apx10%, rich capabilities, professionally competent but remained deprived, awaited, marginalized and poor. Women: Population: 50.3%, Representation in CA: Apx. 32.97%,. Landownership:10.5%, Contribution in agriculture: 60.05%, civil service-13.05%, professionally, socially, and technically rich and prosperous but remained deprived, disadvantages, distanced and poor
( Precaution: Data may require updates and further verification due to its controversial nature )

• •

Efforts for Upliftment
• Constitutional and Legislative Privileges and Provisions • Legal, Plan, Policy and Budgetary Privileges and Provisions • Executive, Economic and Administrative Immunities, Privileges and Provisions • Political and Electoral Privileges and Provisions • Institutional and Organizational Provisions • Sectorial arrangements and targets • Special and Focused Provisions( Social Security and Justice etc.) • Contemporary Privileges and Provisions • International and Diplomatic Commitments and Mechanisms • Others

Common Problems
• Exclusion: Economically, Socially, Educationally and Politically Excluded • Crisis of Identity, Access, Representation, Participation, Recognition and Ownership • Distanced from National Mainstream • Ignored in Power Sharing • Inequity in Development Dividends • lack of inclusiveness in our economic growth • Under Presence in Governance System • Poverty and Weak (Crisis of Power, Choice and Voices) • Disadvantaged and Segregated from Opportunities • Deprived From Resources, Land Ownership & Opportunities • Segregated from Rights and Privileges • Crisis of Peace, Prosperity, Unity and Integrity • Inter-intra Conflict, Mistrust and Frustration
( Exceptions may occur)

Peculiar Problems
• AJ: Diversity, Cast disparity & Structured Social discrimination • Madhesi: Ownership, identity, language, reintegration, socio-ethnic polarization, diversity, size, history, exploitation • Dalit: untouchable, over exploited, segregated, powerless, marginalized, backward • Disable: Physically or mentally elusive but differently able, • Women: Biological, difficult customs and social cognition, religious, cultural and social limitations

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Inclusion and partnership in power sharing & public affairs Adherence into national unity, integrity & sovereignty Rational participation & proportional representation Justified share in developments dividend Opportunities for socioeconomic prosperity & transformation Productive development assistances and linkages with social entrepreneurship Pluralistic way of empowered life style system Assurances for rights, respects& enjoyable rule of law ( democracy) Honest acceptance and implementation of national & international commitments Quality and revised civic education Productive and Need Based Social Security Quality Public Services and People Centric Governance Human Security Others

Major Periodic Programs
• • • • • • • •

Inclusive Development Programs Targeted Programs Social Mobilization and Governance Promotions Programs Participatory Planning System Capacity Building Programs Identity Establishment/Promotion Social Security Empowerment
Source: Three Year Plan( 2067-2070)

• • • • • • • • • • • • • Social Inclusion issues is in national priority Speedy Socioeconomic Development Democracy, Inclusiveness and Sustainable Development Poverty Alleviation and Blowing Human Development Sustainable Peace, Prosperity and Good Governance Social Cohesion/ Pluralism/Diversity Management Balanced Power Sharing and Proportional Representation Full Respect of Voices, Choices and Rights Strong National Unity, Integrity ( Nation State) Active geopolitical and diplomatic strength Human Security Social Justice Quality Public Governance

Thank you
• Lets Discuss on Potential Questions and Relevance Answer Models • Lets List Some Reference Materials • Lets Be in Touch for Continuous Efforts

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