You are on page 1of 12

Periodontal Disease

By: Rahul, Hashim, Amanpreet, and Muhib

This disease has a large number of problems associated with it and is very harmful.•Disease Background By: Rahul • • • • • Periodontal disease is a type of gum disease that can build up to become a deadly disease. Untreated Gingivitis can become periodontal disease. remember to brush and floss your teeth regularly! Enjoy the presentation!  . a large number of teeth may even fall out! To avoid this disease. Periodontal disease originates from Gingivitis. Sometimes.

The is the most frequent form. Necrotizing periodontal disease: this form is mostly found in individuals with conditions such as HIV and malnutrition.•Forms of Periodontal Disease By: Rahul • • • • • There are four different types of periodontal disease. and diabetes are associated with this form of the disease. and bone loss. Chronic Periodontal Disease: results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth. extremely bad! Aggressive Periodontal Disease: Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction. Periodontal Disease as a manifestation of systemic diseases: begins at a young age. . respiratory disease. Each varies but their outcomes are the same. Conditions such as heart disease.

•Causes By: Amanpreet • • • • • • Extreme plaque build-up Too much stress Genetics Smoking/Tobacco use Negligence of teeth-care Not visiting the dentist enough .

•Symptoms By: Rahul • • Gums feel tender (soft) when touched Extremely bad breath • • • • • • • • Gums start to swell and turn a red color Gums begin to bleed often Trouble chewing food (extremely painful) Teeth are loose and hurt a lot Teeth are more sensitive to everything Gums begin to recede Painful tooth aches Teeth appear to be longer/larger .

the bone found underneath your gums 2. This four parts are as follows: 1.another word for your gums • • • • .the gums that touch the inside of your teeth 3. Periodontal ligament .•Organs and Areas Affected By: Muhib • Periodontal disease affects only parts of the teeth and gums. Gingiva . Alveolar bone . Cementum – white and hard part of the teeth 4.

. • • Crown Lengthening (extra gum and bone tissue is reshaped to show more of your teeth).. Regeneration (folding gum tissue and removing bacteria. Soft Tissue Grafts (gum tissue taken from your palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root). Periodontal Surgery: when tissue around teeth is unhealthy. otherwise. cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment.•Treatments By: Hashim • • • • • • Non-Surgical: AAP treatment: cleaning of root surfaces so plaque and tartar are removed from deep pockets. • • • Four kinds of treatments: Pocket Reduction Procedures (folding back gum tissue and removing bacteria before securing tissue into place). Most periodontists believe that scaling and root planning are enough. . then tissue-stimulating proteins used to revive bone and tissue).

. -Less bleeding and swelling Cosmetic Procedures: -performed to improve your smile.•Continued… By: Hashim • • • • • The Use of Lasers: -Lasers used to clean out pockets.

•Possible Outcomes By: Ajay • • • • • • • Tooth loss Gums start swelling badly and turn red It can become hard to breath Mouth becomes dry often Inflammation around the tooth Bad breath will never go away It will become very hard to chew properly (too much pain) .

.

Amanpreet. Hashim.Thanks for Watching!  By: Rahul. and Mohaib .

cvsp http://perio.htm http://health.htm http://www.colgate.com/health/guides/disease/gingivitis/background.edu/patiented/articles/what_symptoms_of_periodontal_disease_000024_2.umm.Bibliography http://www.gov/OralHealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.nytimes.nidcr.nih.htm http://www.org/consumer/2a.org/consumer/procedures.com/app/Colgate/US/OC/Information/OralHealthBasics/CheckupsDentProc/PeriodontalDise ase/Periodontaldisease.cap-acp.htm http://www.perio.html .html http://www.ca/en/public/periodontal_disease.

° °– °°– % f–¯f°  ° ¾¾ ¾ ¾f½ ¾¯ € % €@¾¾ f€¾ %–¯¾¾ f °€¯½ff f°  °¾n n   ½¾ %  .

W.

°°  f¾¯ W W W W W @ D¾ €f¾ ¾ f¾ ¾¾ n f°½n ¾  ¾¾  °–f° ¾ °– .

¾¯ n9n  ¾ ½ €¯ ¯½ ¾¯ .

W9¾¾  n¯ ¾  ©f W W W W W W W @¾¾ ¯¾¾f¾ °– f f° ° nf° n¯ f   f . n¯ ¾ € ° °€f¯¯f°f°   f   f°  –ff  n¯  f n ½½ %¯n½f°% .

.

@f°¾€Jfn°–"  f f¾¯ ¯f°½  f° .f .

 –f½ ½ $$ ° n ° –$f f$@½n¾$¯¾ f¾ ¾$9  °f¯¾ f¾ ¯ ½ $$ nf½ fn½ nf$ °$½ n$½  °f% ¾ f¾ ¯ ½ $$ ¯¯ $½f ° $fn ¾$f%¾¯½¯¾%€%½  °f% ¾ f¾ %% ¯ ½ $$ f °¯ ¾ n¯$ f$– ¾$ ¾ f¾ $–°–¾$ fn–° ¯ ½ $$ ½  –$n°¾¯ $½n  ¾ ¯ ½ $$ n–f n¯$f½½$.

–f $D$.

$°€¯f°$f f f¾n¾$.

 n½¾ °9n$9  °f¾ f¾ $9  °f ¾ f¾ n¾½ ½ $$½  –$n°¾¯ $f ¯ .