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1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Give energy Grow Stay healthy Food Air To breathe

Basic Needs Of Human

Water Drinks Grow Stay healthy

Shelter To protect from • danger • extreme weather • sun & rain

2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Give energy Grow Stay healthy Food Air Types : • holes • cave • nest • beehive Shelter To protect from • danger • extreme weather • sun & rain To breathe Basic Needs Of Animals Water Drinks Grow Stay healthy .1.

3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Plants Have Basic Needs Air Water Sunlight With : • grow healthy • grow well • not wilted Without : • wilted • Turn yellow • Die .1.

Taste Ears .1 Analysing life processes that humans undergo Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Inhale – take in air Exhale – give out air Purpose : • avoid danger Organs Breathing Rate of breath Number of chest movement In a period of time • avoid getting hurt • avoid getting injured • to survive Respond To Stimuli Organs Eyes .Sound Skin .Touch Analysing Life Processes That Human Undergo Reproduce A process to produce Their young or offspring Excrete Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Defecate Faeces Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) .Sight Nose .Smell Tongue .2.

2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Smoking Effects • Lung cancer • Coughing Drinking Alcohol Taking Drug Effects • Delay respond to stimuli How to avoid • Lose ability to walk in straight line • Can cause accidents Participate in a campaign Discourage among their peers .2.

3 Analysing the life processes that animals undergo Animals Life Processes Excrete Defecate Breathing Reproduce To get rid of waste product from their bodies Organs Lay Eggs butterfly bird Give Birth cat tiger bat whale Lungs • monkey • bird • whale Gills • fish • prawn Lung-book • crab Moist Skin • frog • earthworm Trachea Structure • insects .2.

Roots the part of plant that responds to sunlight. mushroom Suckers – banana.Science Year 4 INVESTIGATING LIVING THINGS 2. spores. pineapple Stem cutting – hibiscus. onion. 2. Seeds – balsam.4 Life processes plants undergo what will happen to the world if plants do not reproduce. . suckers. durian Spores – fern. the part of plant that responds to water various ways plants reproduce through…seeds. sunlight. tapioca Leaves – bryophyllum. water. touch. rose. corn. Living Things Undergo Life Processes plants respond to stimuli. leaves. no food supply. ginger and lily why plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species. begonia Stem – potato. the part of plant that responds to touch. Roots the part of plant that responds to gravity. stem cutting. underground stem. Shoot plants reproduce. gravity.

Thick and hard skin To prevent their enemies from injuring Eg.lion .g: octopus.1 animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves Special characteristics of animals that protect them from danger. The special characteristics and behaviour of animals help to protect them from danger. and eagle.. centipede snake .: beetle Camouflage Has body colour or patterns that that are Similar to the surrounding Spray black ink Dark surrounding helps the animal not to been seen by enemies – e.g. Bears. buffalo Sharp claws To protect themselves and their Young from the enemies.cat. elephant Hard shell Snails and tortoise retract their head And legs into the shell when the are Attacked by enemies Hard scales Pangolins and crocodiles have hard scales To protect their bodies from injuries Spines Raise the sharp spines when the enemies advance towards them Eg.g. Pretend to dead To trick their enemies –e. . bee. porcupine Horns Use their horn to attack enemies. Eg. squid Poisonous sting or fangs Can hurt and kill enemies-e.3.: scorpion. special behaviour of animals that protect them from danger.

Hot weather how specific characteristics and behaviour of animals help to protect them from very hot or cold weather.3 Animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather and survive specific characteristics and behaviour of animals that protect them from very hot and cold weather.3.2/3. seals.hippopotamuses and buffaloes lose body heat through wrinkled skins Wallowing Elephant. Hibernate Polar bears hibernates during extreme cold Weather Wrinkled Skin Elephant . and whales have fat layers under their skin to keep their bodies warm Small Ears Seals and Walruses have small ears to prevent Heat loss from their bodies. Fat Layers Under The Skins Penguins. . Cold weather Thick Fur Polar bears have thick fur to prevent the body From losing heat to cold surroundings. hippopotamuses and buffaloes keep their body cool by wallowing in mud holes Humps Camels store food and water in the form Of fats in the humps on their back.

4 Plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemy The specific characteristics of plants that protect them from enemies How the specific characteristics of plants help to protect them from enemies.3. Have thorns Have fine hairs Close leaflets when touch poisonous . Produces latex characteristics that protect plants.

Long roots to absorb water Succulent stem can store water Thorn can prevent the excessive loss of water a. mangrove tree a. c.5 Plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from dry region and strong wind strong wind dry region Eg : cactus Eg: Coconut tree. c. . d. Have stems that bend easily Have buttress roots Have separated leaves Needle. b.3. b. bamboo tree.shaped leaves .

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY .

7 Standard units 1.5 Mass 1.3 Solid 1.1 Length MEASUREMENT 1.4 Liquid 1.1.2 Area Volume 1.6 Time .

The eye must be directly above the end of object Standard Tools Measuring tape Ruler Unit mm cm m km .Terminology .1Length Correct technique .The distance between two points/place/position Measuring tape String Arm span Cubit Ways to measure Ruler 1.

by placing uniform objects such as tiles.Terminology 1.Using square card with a sides of 1 centimetre 2cm 4cm Area = length X width = 4cm X 2 cm = 8cm2 3cm 1cm 1cm 3cm .Square metre (m2) .Area is the amount of Space taken up by the surface of an object.Square centimetre (cm2) .Square kilometre (km2) .2 Area Standard unit . books and stamps on the surface of the objects . Different ways to measure area .Square millimetre (mm2) .Using formula .

cm3.The amount of space that something takes up measuring cylinder Length x width x height Terminology Tools Formula Volume 1. m3 a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus ml.3 Solid Correct technique Standard Units mm3. l .4 Liquid Standard Units 1.

Terminology .Amount of matter in an object Correct technique 1.5 Mass Electronic balance Simple balance Tools Bathroom scale Standard unit Beam balance Kitchen scale Lever balance mg g kg .

sand clock . hour Way to measure Tool Process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time .Digital clock . watch . candle clock -water dripping -Changing day and night .Duration between two event .Sundial .Second . wrist watch .Terminology Standard unit 1. minute .6 Time . clock Events can be used measuring time Old clock -Swinging pendulum -Pulse rate candle .

1.7 The Importance of Standard Units .for accuracy and consistency .easy to communicate and understanding .

Investigating Materials .

1 The properties of materials conduct heat Float on water Sink in water Can be stretch wood stone rubber ring metal .metal carbon glass plastics wood Conduct electricity Light to pass through Insulator 1.

1.2 Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Suggest ways to keep things hot Suggest ways to keep things cold Covered with insulators hot thing cold thing To prevent heat loss prevent from absorbing heat .

3 Uses of materials based on their properties List of object and materials that they are made of Reason why particular materials are used to make an object object spoon tissue glasses materials metal wood glass properties hard Soft transparent cheap easy to get strength good quality .1.

4 The importance of reuse.1. reduce and recycle of materials wood cotton metal plastics synthetic cloth Man-made materials natural materials rubber glass State that man-made materials comes from natural materials reducing reusing recycling public transport plastic bag bottle plastics glass .

1. . Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water.6 RUSTING CAN PREVENTED DIFFERENT WAYS TO PREVENT OBJECTS FROM RUSTING Coating with non rusting materials *paint *oil *grease THE NECESSARY TO PREVENT RUSTING *Everlasting Live *Save Natural material *Save Cost *Looking good *Conclusion.

PLASTIC. CLAY AND SILK *Nail *Spoon *Knife *Needle *Glass *Bottle *Cup *Pencil .UNDERSTANDING THAT SOME MATERIALS CAN RUST RUSTY OBJECTS NON RUSTY OBJECTS OBJECT MADE OF IRON AND STEEL OBJECT MADE OF GLASS. WOOD.

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE .

-Nine Planets -Natural satellites -Meteors -Comets -Asteroids THE SOLAR SYSTEM List of constituents Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto – My – Very – Excellent – Mother – Just – Served – Us – Nine – Puddings List of planets 1.1 The solar system Planets move round the Sun .

2 The relative size and distance between the Earth. 1. the Earth the Sun 150 000 000 km 1 : 400 the Moon 382 500 km . the Moon and the Sun The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. 100 the Earth 1 the Moon 4 Size of the Earth relative to the size of the Moon.the Earth the Sun 1 Size of the Sun relative to the size of the Earth.

•No water and the temperature would be very hot. •It is not too hot or too cold. •Do not have enough air and water.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has living things.•The nearer a planet to the Sun is. •All living things would die. . the hotter is the surface of the planet . Why certain planets are not conducive for living things. 1. it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. •The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. EFFECT •Earth is the third planet from the Sun. Much farther : •The temperature on the Earth would drop. the colder is the surface of the planet. •Water on Earth would evaporate. •The farther a planet from the Sun is. •Water would freeze into ice. Much nearer : •The temperature on the Earth would rise.

INVESTIGATING TECHNOLOGY .

airplanes -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Telescope. binocular .To see far away objects Devices to overcome human limitation .1. motorcycle.1.Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Limitation of human ability Examples of human limitations are • Unable to see fine objects •Unable to speak loud •Unable to walk for long distance •Unable to see far away objects Microscope .The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes Microphone -To increase the volume Telephone -To communicate from long distance Bicycle.

g.: hoe plough tractor combine harvester Transportation Land: Animal car train bicycle Examples Air: hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane Water: canoe raft sampan ferry ship Communication Drawing carrier pigeon Construction Cave hut wooden house apartment Telephone .TECHNOLOGY 1.2 Understanding The Development Of Technology Agriculture e.

3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problems Demonstrate that device invented can be used to solve the problem identified Pully – can lift everything Cannot move and lift heavy thing Brain storming Ideas to solve the problems identified wheelbarrow Sketch the model Device to solve the problem identified.TECHNOLOGY Cannot move farther Problems they encounter in their daily life 1. lever Wheel barrow – can move heavy things easily .

1.4 Analysing That Technology Can Benefit Mankind If Used Wisely Advantages of Technology Disadvantages of Technology •Communication Enable human to learn more about things happening around the world •Transportation Enable human to travel far away places in shorter time •Agriculture Machines make it easier to plants and harvest their crops •Construction Roads. bridges and building is easier and faster to build Environmental pollution from increase In waste materials Environmental destruction result from excessive usage of natural resources Social problem Bad effects on health result from environmental pollution and excessive use of chemicals . highways.

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