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Haphazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes. and improper use of soil by inadequate agricultural practices are a few factors. The Industrial Revolution set a series of events into motion which destroyed natural habitats and polluted the environment.Land Pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. exploitation of minerals. . Urbanization and industrialisation are major causes of land pollution. causing diseases in both humans and animals. It occurs when waste is not disposed properly.

. Litter is waste material dumped in public places such as streets.EXAMPLES OF LAND POLLUTION  Soil Pollution Soil pollution is mainly due to chemicals in herbicides (weed killers) and pesticides (poisons which kill insects and other invertebrate pests). parks. at bus stops and near shops. picnic areas.

. encourages household pests and turns urban areas into unsightly.EXAMPLES OF LAND POLLUTION  Waste Disposal The accumulation of waste threatens the health of people in residential areas. dirty and unhealthy places to live in. Waste decays.

SOURCES OF LAND POLLUTION The major sources of land pollution are activities like littering  disposing of industrial wastes  agriculture-generated wastes  oil refineries  mining  human sewage. .

2. motorists discarding garbage out of windows. which are sometimes dumped directly into the soil. such as chemicals. The primary sources of litter are pedestrians dropping garbage in the street or gutter. household garbage cans spilling over. This is waste generated by industries during the manufacturing process.1. . construction sites etc.Industries Industrial waste is one of the biggest contributors to land pollution. Littering Litter is misplaced waste and trash. paints and foundry wastes.

polluting it.Agriculture The pesticides and fertilizers used by farmers for crop enhancement seep into the land. . Petroleum extraction and manufacturing contaminates the soil with bitumen. gasoline. 4.Mining Mining gas and petroleum also pollutes the land.3. Agricultural wastes produced by crops and animals and other residues from farm operation also contribute to land pollution. kerosene and mining brine solutions.

. deforestation. Overcrowded landfills. Other Sources of Land Pollution In underdeveloped countries where the sewage system is not maintained properly. construction debris and oil and antifreeze leaking from cars also contribute to land pollution. human waste accumulates in the soil.


Land pollution indirectly affects the respiratory system of human beings. It is said that the improper disposal of household wastes leads to allergic reactions on the skin. Skin problems are often diagnosed due to land pollution. Breathing in polluted dust or particle can result in a number of health problems related to the respiratory system.EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION    Tonnes and tonnes of domestic wastes are dumped every day. Since people do not follow proper methods for the disposal of such wastes. . it leaves the places look dirty and makes them unhealthy.

are destroyed. .EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION    Land pollution has been found as one of the leading causes for birth defects. which may affect the health of the baby as well. Pregnant women living in unhealthy and dirty environment can incur breathing problems and a number of diseases. Flora. Land pollution often disrupts the balance of Nature. causing human fatalities. Land pollution has serious effect on wildlife. which provides food and shelter to wildlife.

Industries must follow the laws with regard to waste disposal. . most of the control measures are associated with that. it also helps in curbing the dumping of non-biodegradable waste on the Earth. Another land pollution solution is recycling.REMEDIES OF LAND POLLUTION The following are some of the solutions for land pollution :  As the most common cause for land pollution is waste disposal. Recycling is also beneficial in lowering other forms of pollution. cost savings and savings of energy resources. This is much more important in case of disposal of toxic waste products. Proper waste disposal is one of the golden rules for curbing land pollution. Apart from reducing the amount of waste products in the landfills.

 . If you can. each and every individual can contribute for this good cause. so as to avoid taking a plastic carry bag from the shop. you may use plastic and cardboard containers for further use. if possible. For example. Otherwise store them and sell them for recycling. you may carry paper or cloth bags with you.REMEDIES OF LAND POLLUTION  You must also try to reuse materials. Use glass or metal products instead of plastic ones. by taking efforts to curb land pollution. switch over to biodegradable materials. For example. You may also reduce the use of non-biodegradable materials. You may also make some money by refraining from buying new products and also by selling the unwanted materials for recycling. So. Reusing is always beneficial than buying new ones.

efforts to curb it must be taken by each and every individual.CONCLUSION As land pollution is a problem that is detrimental to mankind as well as to nature as a whole. So. Even the industries must strictly follow the norms for waste product disposal. . encourage recycling and reuse of non-biodegradable materials. avoid the use of harmful chemical pesticides as well as fertilizers and refrain from dumping toxic wastes on land. Authorities must take efforts to spread awareness about the causes and effects of land pollution. All these measures can contribute greatly for controlling land pollution.