Shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Hamilton Smith and Daniel Nathans for the discovery of restriction endonucleases. British paleontologist. and therefore for the science of modern times. geologist. Swiss microbiologist and geneticist. Greek philosopher and scientist. Swiss-born American zoologist. Werner Arber (1929-). he led the Renaissance movement that placed a renewed emphasis on the study of the nature Mary Anning (1799-1847).).C. Together with Conrad Gesner. and paleontologist.     . one of the most famous scientists of his day Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605). Often described as the greatest fossil hunter ever known. Aristotle (384-322 B. Founder and director of Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. Louis Agassiz (1807-1873). with a special expertise in ichthyology. Italian naturalist and physician. Set up an organized framework of knowledge that served as the foundation for much of the science and philosophy of ancient and medieval times. which led to the development of recombinant DNA technology.

American biologist. who. George Beadle (1909-1975). von Baer discovered the notochord and the embryonic blastula. that mutations induced in genes corresponded to alterations in specific enzymes. German biologist and scientific explorer. Shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Howard Temin and Renato Dulbecco for their discovery of reverse transcriptase. American paleontologist. By means of x-ray irradiation of the mold Neurospora crassa and screening of the resulting mutants. Beadle showed. with Edward Tatum. Niles Eldredge (1943-). Shared with Tatum half the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. right up to the time of extinction ("punctuated equilibrium")    . This finding led to the acceptance of the one gene/one enzyme hypothesis. American geneticist. revived the saltationist tradition in biology by pointing out that the typical fossil form comes into being rapidly and remains largely the same thereafter. along with Stephen Jay Gould. David Baltimore (1938-). Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876). One of the founders of embryology.

 Erwin Chargaff (1905-2002). the credit for which he had to share with Alfred Wallace.    . Charles Darwin (1809-1882). Georges Cuvier (1769-1832). Austro-Hungarian-born American biochemist whose experiments provided crucial information allowing Watson. he was the first scientist to provide hard evidence that humans first evolved in Africa. Pioneering paleoanthropologist. Crick. Discoverer of the Taung Child. who formulated it independently. One of the most important figures in the history of biology. His book. On the Origin of Species. French naturalist and zoologist. Raymond Dart (1893-1988). Founder of the fields of vertebrate paleontology and comparative anatomy. English naturalist. convinced many of the reality of evolution. and Wilkins to elucidate the double-helix structure of DNA. Remembered for the theory of natural selection. One of the most prolific authors of scientific literature in the history of biology.

Italian virologist. de Vries dominated evolutionary thought during the the early twentieth century. Renato Dulbecco (1914-). The most influential post-Darwinian saltationist up to the time of Eldredge and Gould.  THE END . Hugo de Vries (1848-1935). Shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Howard Temin and David Baltimore for their discovery of reverse transcriptase.

.7903909.70/904-0!703 !844470/.794:9/:7390 90 0.4  9.90/0.3.80 % .38.039:7 #03.0741 70.078097.3094..94389 :594 9092041/70/0 .73.3/4:/ /0'708 /423.7/%023.4.94 :-0.92470147907/8.9.3/.:4/0'708   %0248931:039.38.74489 $.759..4:943./.5489 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful