Lesson 2- Beginner

Vocabulary Fiche d’identité – Identification form: Nom (de famille): last name Prénom: first name Age: age Nationalité: nationality Résidence actuelle: current address Profession : profession Passe-temps préférés : pastimes Questions personnelles – Personal questions: Comment vous appelez-vous? : What is your name? Quel âge avez-vous ? : How old are you? Vous êtes d’où ? : Where are you from? Quel est votre nationalité? : What is your nationality? Où habitez-vous ? : Where do you live? Que faites-vous dans la vie? : What do you do for a living? Quels sont vos passe-temps préférés ? : What are your favorite pastimes ? Mots interrogatifs – Interrogative words: Où ? : Where ? Quand ? : When ? Qui ? : Who ? Comment ? : How ? Quel / Quelle / Quels / Quelles ? : Which ? Pourquoi ? : Why ? Parce que : because .

L’heure/ time (I) .

L’heure/ time (II) .

concepts and so on. In contrast. count or mass. singular or plural. two generic term for something. things. like snails. nouns in French may be categorized as common or proper. French nouns are also categorized as either masculine or feminine. Common nouns are snails. unlike English. mass Another way of classifying nouns is according to whether they can be counted or not. ideas. a mass noun refers to an entity as an uncountable unit. Ex: Un escargot = a snail Ex: Je mange du pain = I am eating bread Proper nouns are specific names and thus begin . never spelled with a capital letter unless they begin a sentence. Common vs. events.Grammar: nouns (I) A noun is essentially a label for places. However. Count vs. deux escargots = one snail. Count nouns identify individual entities that can be counted. proper Common nouns in English and French are the Ex: Un escargot. Like English. with capital letters.

Typically. is not about sex. -ance. -isme are masculine and those ending in -tion. for the most part. the grammatical concept of gender in French has little to do with biological sex. words ending in -age. -ure. -té. -ment. la table (feminine) le bureau (masculine) the table the desk Remember that gender in French. inanimate objects such as tables and desks are categorized as either masculine or feminine (there is no neuter gender in French grammar). . it is essential to memorize a noun's gender along with its spelling and pronunciation. Therefore. Because grammatical gender is fairly arbitrary. -phone. but is simply an arbitrary category. -ie. -ette. -ence. -scope. -ode/-ade/-ude are feminine. -sion.Grammar: nouns (II) Unlike English. -eau. The terms 'masculine' and 'feminine' really mean nothing more than 'noun class A' and 'noun class B'.

lettuce La fourchette Fork La télévision Television La culture Culture La situation Situation La société Society La différence Difference La philosophie Philosophy .Grammar: nouns (III) Masculine endings Le fromage Le monument Le sentiment Le couteau Le telephone Le microscope Le romantisme Cheese Monument Feeling Knife Telephone Microscope Romantism Feminine endings La salade Salad.

Besides ownership. like être. unlike the English equivalent. Le verbe avoir : The verb avoir is irregular in the present tense. Avoir “To have” J’ai ‘I have’ Nous avons ‘We have’ Tu as ‘You have’ Vous avez ‘You have” Il/ Elle / On a ‘He/ She/ One has’ Ils / Elles ont Ils / ‘They have’ Past participle : eu Avoir.Être et avoir Singular 1st person 2 person 3rd person nd Plural Nous… (= We…) Vous… (= You…) Ils/Elles… (= They…) Je… (= I…) Tu… (= You…) Il/Elle… (= He/She/It…) Le verbe être : The verb être is an irregular verb in the present tense. is used as an auxiliary in compound tenses. which used the verb ‘to be’. Être “To be” Je suis ‘I am’ Nous sommes ‘We are’ Tu es ‘You are” Vous êtes ‘You are’ Il/ Elle / On est ‘He/ She / One is’ Elles sont ‘They are’ Past participle : été C’est (It is) is a common expression used to describe and introduce people or things. . the verb avoir expresses age in French.

The pronunciation of latent consonants (consonants that are normally not pronounced) before a following vowel is called “liaison” or linking. only the letter “e” is elided.Phonetics L’élision : Vowels which are replaced by an apostrophe in the writing system are said to be elided. Liaison links two words with the sound /z/ (des amis) or with the sound /n/ (un américain). Ex: Trois femmes et Trois enfants / Des copains et des amis / Un français et un américain. . Ex: Le petit enfant  l’enfant L’ami de Pierre  L’ami d’Alice La liaison : The pronunciation of a word in French varies depending on the words that precede or follow it. Elision occurs in the context of a following vowel sound. In French.

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