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ENERGY CRISIS IN PAKISTAN: CAUSES & REMEDY

Syed Ahsan Jaffri To Sir Imran Sial


13 October 2011
Karachi Institute of Economics & Technology PAF-KIET

Contents

Introduction Causes of Energy Crisis Recommendations Conclusion

Introduction

What is Energy its importance & its Crisis ????

Energy Resources of Pakistan

Energy Type Crude Oil

Pakistans Conventional Energy Resources


Potential 339 million barrels recoverable reserves. Source Pak Eco Survey 2007-08

Natural Gas
Coal Hydro Energy Nuclear power

31,266 trillion cubic feet recoverable reserves.


185 billion tones recoverable reserves. 46,000 MW identified potential Nuclear power of capacity 425 MWe

Pak Eco Survey 2007-08


Pak Eco Survey 2007-08 Govt. of Pakistan 2005 World Nuclear Association 2008

1. 2. 3. 4.

Pakistans Renewable Energy Resources

Wind Energy Solar Energy Bio-mass & Bio-fuels Geo-Thermal Energy

Recommendations

1. Short-term Plan:
1. 2. 3. 4. IPPs Reactivate power generating units. Improve distribution system. street & Parks lights.

Recommendations

2. Medium-term Plan:
1. 2. 3. Transformation to renewable energy resources. Developing and installing biogas, solar, wind and micro hydro based projects in villages. New contracts.

Recommendations

3. Long-term Plan:
1. coal based powerhouses. 2. Agreements of mega projects. 3. Explorations of more oil, gas and coal reserves. 4. Provide training to the engineer for new technology

Conclusion

KESC .