Structure of tooth

Enamel 1 Dentine 2 Pulp cavity 3 Gum 4 Cement 5 Periodontal membrane 6
7 Jaw bone

Crown Neck

Root

Enamel Contains 97% calcium salt

Crown Neck

The hardest
Root
Protect the tooth against wearing during chewing

1 Enamel

Enamel would not grow down into the root region but

1 Enamel

Enamel would not grow down into the root region but it is replaced by

cement
Cement

Periodontal Fibre membrane
Fibres from the cement pass into the jawbone to anchor the tooth forming periodontal membrane

Cement

Dentine occupies a large part of the tooth softer than enamel
contains strands of cytoplasm & is described as living structures

Crown Neck

Root

Contains living cells which make dentine

Crown Neck

Pulp cavity
Contains blood capillaries which supply O2 & nutrients Contains nerves
which produce sensation of pain

Root

Types of teeth Molar

Incisor

Premolar

Canine

Types Location Shape Function

Incisor
At the front of the jaw

Chisel-shaped
Biting & cutting

Types Location

Canine
At the front of the jaw, next to the incisor
(Long & curved in carnivores)

Shape Pointed Function

Biting & cutting
(for tearing food in carnivores)

Types Location Shape Function

Premolar
At the side of the jaw
Broad top with ridges
With two cusps (projections)

Crushing & grinding

Types Location Shape Function

Molar
At the back of the jaw
Broad top with ridges
With four cusps (projections)

Crushing & grinding

Wisdom teeth
are the last molars

Two sets of teeth
Milk teeth
The first set of teeth appears early in a child

Milk teeth will be replaced by permanent teeth

Permanent teeth

Left Right Back
4 3 2

Dentition

Front
1 How are the teeth

Molar

Premolar

Canine

incisor

arranged
in the jaw?

Left
Upper jaw

Dentition
What is the

Right Front

Back
4 3 2

number
of each type of teeth in the jaw ?

1

Lower jaw

Molar
3 m 3

Premolar

pm 2 2

Canine

incisor
2 i 2 Upper jaw Lower jaw

1 c 1

Left
Upper jaw

Dentition
What is the

Right Front

Back
4 3 2

number
of each type of teeth in the jaw ?

1

Lower jaw

Molar
3 m 3

Premolar

pm 2 2

Canine

incisor
2 i 2
Show right or left side only Total number = 16 x 2 = 32

1 c 1

2 i 2

1 c 1

2 pm 2

3 m 3

This presentation is called

dental formula
It shows the number & arrangement of the different types of teeth in a mammal

Milk teeth

Dental formula

2 c 1 i 1 2

2 m 2
Permanent teeth

2 c 1 pm 2 m 3 i 3 1 2 2

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