Oct 2004

Access Oracle from .NET Using C#
Alex Hoyos

• • • • Define MS .NET Web development and .NET (basic stuff) IDE used Different ways of talking to Oracle from .NET • ODP.NET – crack it open and get it ready • Samples

What is MS NET. Architecture
 IL (Intermediate Language), 
   CLR (Common Language Runtime),     Base Class Library (BCL) is a common library used by all  languages, GC (Garbage collection) is the responsibility of the  CLR, not the language. 
– .NET 20K feet high view…

What is MS .NET
VB C++ C# J# ..

ASP.NET Web Forms Web Services

Windows FORMS




ODP + .NET lingo
• Assembly: Microsoft’s term for the module that is created when a DLL or .EXE is complied by a .NET compiler. ODP.net Assembly is Oracle.DataAccess.dll

Oracle.DataAccess.Client (e.g. OracleConnection) Oracle.DataAccess.Types (e.g. OracleClob Class)

Oracle: Best Database for .NET
• ODP.NET allows full access to .NET
– No limitation to using .NET functionality. Still requires you install the Oracle Client Software (9 or above)

Oracle and .NET Data Access
• Oracle Data Provider for .NET (ODP.NET)
– – – – Developed by Oracle Best performing provider Exposes the most Oracle DB features Based upon Microsoft ADO.NET spec

• 3rd party Oracle providers
– Microsoft .NET Data Provider for Oracle (Microsoft) – Connect for .NET (DataDirect)

• Other Oracle data access methods

ODP.NET Basics
• Available today in production for free
– http://otn.oracle.com/tech/windows/odpnet – Original release: Dec. 2002

• Can be used with Oracle8, Oracle8i, Oracle9i, and Oracle10g database servers
– Database server can be on Unix, Linux, Windows, etc. – Database client on Windows

• Supports VS.NET 2002 and 2003 • Supports .NET Framework 1.0 and 1.1

ODP.NET Object Model
Disconnected Layer DataSet Connected Layer (ODP.NET)
Oracle DataAdapter Oracle DataReader Oracle Transaction
OracleCommand Builder

Data Layer

Oracle Command Oracle Connection


ODP.NET Features
• Full PL/SQL support
– Packaged, non-packaged, anonymous, autonomous – *Batch SQL available with anonymous PL/SQL

• Native Oracle data types
– LOBS, REF Cursors, BFiles, N-data types, Dates, TimeStamps, Longs, Raws, etc. – Safe type mapping to .NET data types

• *Connection pooling
– Min, Max, Timeout, Lifetime, Increment, Decrement

* Performance tip

ODP.NET Installation
• The Oracle.DataAccess.dll assembly is installed in the ORACLE_ • BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin directory. • Documentation and the readme.txt are installed in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\doc directory. • Samples are provided in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\Samples directory.

* Performance tip

Visual Studio .NET Integration
• Dynamic Help
– ODP.NET documentation available – Hit F1 key

• Intellisense • Connection pooling is enabled in ODP.NET (by default).

ODP.NET Connection Options
• Proxy user authentication
OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection(); con.ConnectionString = "User Id=customer;Password=lion;" + "Data Source=oracle;Proxy User Id=appserver;Proxy Password=eagle; "; con.Open();

• Operating System Authentication
OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection(); con.ConnectionString = "User Id=/;Data  Source=oracle;"; con.Open();
* Performance tip

ODP.NET Connection
– Connection pools are created by the connection pooling service using the ConnectionString as a signature to uniquely identify a pool.

OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection(); con.ConnectionString = "User Id=scott;Password=tiger;Data  Source=oracle;" + "Min Pool Size=5;Max Pool Size=20;Connection Lifetime=120;”  + “Connection  Timeout=60; Incr Pool Size=5; Decr Pool  Size=2"; con.Open(); NOTES:
• Connection Lifetime

= Maximum life time (in seconds) of the connection

(default 0) • Connection Lifetime enforced when a connection is going back to the connection pool. * Performance tip • Connections are closed every three minutes (connection Lifetime..)

Workshop Example VS.NET
• NOTE: Right-click and select “open in new Window” to prevent the
current powerpoint from being overlaid and thus allowing you to continue. If you have a popup blocker, this may prevent a new window from opening. E.g. with Google Popup blocker, you need to press the ctrl key simultaneously.

WebEx Pre-recorded Sessions

• • • •

Create Skeleton ASP.NET Web Application Add Populate Dept functionality Add Insert Dept Functionality Execute Application

ODP.NET Performance and Scalability Tips
• Close all ODP.NET objects when finished (e.g. OracleConnection) – Do not count on the garbage collector to do this automatically • Use anonymous PL/SQL when batching commands – Makes only one DB round trip – Use associative arrays to bind parameters • Use FetchSize (OracleDataReader) and RowSize (OracleCommand) to tune data retrieval performance • Use InitialLOBFetchSize and InitialLongFetchSize to tune LOB and LONG retrieval performance

• Use Anonymous PL/SQL blocks.

• Q: Can ODP.NET work with Oracle8, Oracle8i, Oracle9i, and Oracle10g database (DB) servers? • Yes, but you will need to use an Oracle9i Release 2 client or higher

• Q: Do I need to install ODP.NET on my Oracle DB server? • A: No. You only need to install ODP.NET on your client or middletier machine, wherever you use the .NET Framework.

“Thank you.”

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