You are on page 1of 20

Les Degrs de lAdjectif

Comparatif et Superlatif

Adjectifs courts Adjectifs longs


Comparatif de supriorit Comparatif dinfriorit Superlatif de supriorit Superlatif dinfriorit latest funniest least popular most stressful

easier

more stressful

Adjectifs courts Adjectifs longs


Comparatif de supriorit Comparatif dinfriorit Superlatif de supriorit Superlatif dinfriorit

adjectif + er

more + adjectif

less + adjectif

less + adjectif

adjectif + est

most + adjectif

least + adjectif

least + adjectif

Le complment du comparatif est toujours introduit par than

Its far more stressful than you might think.

The supermodel spent more than four weeks at a clinic

Being better paid than most supermodels doesnt make it any easier

Le complment du superlatif est souvent introduit par in . Le superlatif est aussi souvent suivi dune proposition relative.

It must be one of the most stressful jobs in the world.

It used to be one the funniest jobs (that) I could think of.

bad

worst

well paid

better paid

well-known

best-known

Comparatif good / well better

Superlatif the best

bad
much / many

worse
more

the worst
the most

little
far

less

the least

the farthest farther / further the furthest

more than four weeks = quantit suprieure so many shows = grande quantit
too much time and energy = grande quantit twice as much = quantit suprieure fewer opportunities = quantit infrieure less fun = quantit infrieure

much + indnombrable too much time and energy

many + dnombrable pluriel

so many shows

less + indnombrable

less fun

fewer + dnombrable pluriel fewer opportunities

One of the worlds biggest fashion shows took place in the Sahara in December. It was one of the most spectacular shows ever. The show was far more impressive than any of those that took place in Paris or in Milan this year. The most famous models opened the night with the best African dancers. The models, wearing the latest fashion, looked more fascinating than ever against the dark African night. African designers, using more exotic fabrics than European designers, provided the best part of the show. Obviously their design was more inventive than European or American design. The show was the most fabulous mix of music, on-stage action ans surreal fashion.

I feel better after a shower. The meals at school are worse than last year. The island looks farther from here. This film is boring, isnt there anything more interesting ? I only had 5, so I bought this one because it was less expensive. We enjoyed it more last year. It was less interesting this year. I love this cake. Its better than the one we had on Sunday. He bought the red suit because it was less expensive than the other ones.

Mettez ladjectif entre parenthses la forme qui convient : (+) comparatif de supriorit, (-) comparatif dinfriorit, (=) comparatif dgalit. Ajouter than ou as lorsque ncessaire. 1./ Your cousin is (-) optimistic .. you, isnt he?
2./ He doesnt think his life will be (+) (hard) .. his parents ? 3./ It was far (+) (difficult) I had expected. 4./ His driving is (+) (bad) his brothers. 5./ He wants a (+) (good) world . todays. 6./ It was not (=) (important) . you thought, was it ?

1./ Your cousin is less optimistic than you, isnt he? 2./ He doesnt think his life will be harder than his parents ?

3./ It was far more difficult than I had expected.


4./ His driving is worse than his brothers. 5./ He wants a better world than todays. 6./ It was not as important as you thought, was it ?

The aboriginal inhabitants of Botswana constitute the smallest but most fascinating cultural minority in the country. Thanks to its diamond reserves, Botswana enjoys one of the highest economic growth rates in Africa. Botswana is also one of the best places in the world for safaris. The eastern part is less arid than the rest of the country.

The southern part is more attractive than any other part of the country.
The northern part is the least attractive of all.

Today Botswana offers more opportunities.


Do they have more hope and fewer problems ? Do they have less time ?

How many girls do you bet Ill dance with ?


How much money have you got ?

Unfortunately there is very little hope left.


You havent made much progress, have you ? In fact, youve got very few chances of succeeding.

Late, last, later, latter, lately, latest


Comment s'y retrouver dans tous ces mots l'orthographe et aux sens presque identiques?

Commenons par le plus connu peut-tre : Last : dernier (en faisant rfrence un ordre ou bien une srie) , ultime, dernier (dans le temps) This is her last race. She'll stop competition after the race. C'est sa dernire course. Elle arrtera la comptition aprs la course. (c'est dire que c'est son ultime course, il n'y en aura plus d'autres !)

She tried to hurry, but she came last ! - Elle a essay de se dpcher, mais elle est arrive dernire. (dernire d'une srie de personnes)
Last Monday, we visited the cathedral - Lundi dernier, nous avons visit la cathdrale. (c'est le dernier lundi pass, en rfrence au temps) When I last met him, he was very happy - La dernire fois que je l'ai rencontr, il tait trs heureux.

At last : enfin We are on holidays at last ! Nous sommes enfin en vacances !

Latest : dernier (dans le sens du plus rcent dans le temps) Have you seen Spielberg's latest movie ? Avez-vous vu le dernier film de Spielberg ? (c'est dire, le plus rcent film. A n'en pas douter, il y en aura certainement d'autres !)

At the latest : au plus tard, dernier dlai Give me your answer next Wednesday at the latest. - Donne-moi ta rponse mercredi prochain au plus tard / dernier dlai.

Late : son premier sens est tard, en retard Where is Mike, he's very late ! O est Mike, il est trs en retard ! Late signifie galement tardif, en fin de, dernier In late summer, days are getting shorter - A la fin de l't, les jours raccourcissent. (c'est dire dans la dernire partie de l't) She is in her late forties - Elle a entre 45 et 50 ans, une quarantaine bien tasse. (c'est dire qu'elle est dans les dernires annes de sa quarantaine)

Lately : dernirement, rcemment Have you seen John lately ? Avez-vous vu John rcemment?

Latter : dernier, dans le sens : second de deux. Latter fait rfrence une personne ou une chose parmi deux qui viennent d'tre voques, Latter est frquemment utilis et contrast avec former : le premier de deux

Jane speaks Italian and English : the former language fairly well and the latter fluently. Jane parle italien et anglais : la premire langue assez bien et la seconde (la dernire) couramment.

Later : plus tard, ultrieur Later, they went to the restaurant - Plus tard, ils sont alls au restaurant Later investigations proved that John was guilty - Des recherches ultrieures ont prouv que John tait coupable. See you later ! A plus tard !