Environment Friendly Computing

By: L. Krishna Prasath - II MCA,

S. Jeyanivas - II MCA,
Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore - 22

Abstract • • • • • • • • • • Introduction Origins Regulations and Industry Initiatives Approaches Power management Reducing Energy Consumption Disposal Solution Recycling Conclusion .

printers. refers to environmentally sustainable computing. using. Definition : ―The study and practice of designing. manufacturing. and networking and communications systems—efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment. and associated subsystems—such as monitors. servers. storage devices. and disposing of computers.Introduction What is Green-IT? Green computing or green IT." .

The term "green computing" was probably coined shortly after the Energy Star program began.S.Origins • In 1992. climate control. the U. . • • It is a voluntary labeling program designed to promote and recognize energy-efficiency in monitors. Environmental Protection Agency launched Energy Star.

• Some efforts place responsibility on the manufacturer to dispose of the equipment themselves after it is no longer needed. • Climate Savers Computing Initiative (CSCI) is an effort to reduce the electric power consumption of PCs in active and inactive states. . i. this is called the extended producer responsibility model.Regulations and Industry Initiatives • The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has published a survey of over 90 government and industry initiatives on "Green ICTs". information and communication technologies.e.

Approaches to GREEN COMPUTING • • • • • Product Longevity Algorithmic Efficiency Power Management Materials Recycling Telecommuting .

Power Management • The Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI). allows an operating system to directly control the power-saving aspects of its underlying hardware. an open industry standard. » » » » » » Data center power Operating System Support Power supply Storage Video card Display .


Green Technologies Power saving by link status Wi-Fi Scheduler .

• Turn off the monitor when not in use (as opposed to running a screen saver) • Use hardware/software with the Energy Star label • Energy Star is a ―seal of approval‖ by the Energy Star organization of the government • Don’t print unless necessary and you are ready • Use LCDs instead of CRTs as they are more power efficient . even if just for an hour.Reducing Energy Consumption • Turn off the computer when not in use.

or recycled) • • • 183 million computers were sold in 2004 (674 million cell phones!) New users in China (178 million by 2010) and India (80 million by 2010) will require the creation of new computers Disposal of these devices constituted 20-50 million tons per year (about 5% of the total waste of the planet) – this waste is called e-waste – where are we going to put all of it? . it is estimated that 315 million computers became obsolete (and were discarded. donated.Disposal • Consider that the average computer lifespan is about 2 years – 10 years ago. the lifespan of a computer was 5 years – between 1997 and 2004.

Waste that fills our lands .Land Fills E.

the system unit housing.g. cables) Do computer companies encourage refurbishing/upgrading? • • . churches. just get a new CPU and memory chips – upgrade rather than replace – while you will still be discarded some components. monitor.Other Solutions • Re-use: donate your computer components to people who may not have or have lesser quality computers – inner city schools. you will retain most of the computer system (e.. third world countries • this however leads to the older computers being dumped but there is probably no way around this as eventually the older computers would be discarded anyway Refurbish: rather than discarding your computer when the next generation is released. libraries.

Recycling • Computer systems that have outlived their particular function can be re-purposed. parts from outdated systems may be salvaged and recycled through certain retail outlets and municipal or private recycling centers. and physically destroy it or store it somewhere safe. or donated to various charities and non-profit organizations. users should remove the hard drive. or hard drives if there is more than one. Before recycling a computer. Additionally. • • .

• Green computing has introduced a range of equipments and technologies which help in limiting the impact on the environment. .Conclusion • Green computing is a novel and an innovative trend in the world of computing which has minimum or no impact on the environment.

wikipedia. Wikipedia – Google Web search . Harmon. January–February 2008.References • • • • J San Murugesan. ―Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices. Nora Auseklis. pp 24-33. Robert R.‖ IEEE IT Professional. ‖Sustainable IT Services: Assessing the Impact of Green Computing Practices‖.

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