Manish Singhal IX ‘F’

• 760. East 42nd Street to the south. It is located in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of Manhattan.N. United States. United Nations Plaza. Turtle Bay is used as a synonym for the U. on spacious grounds overlooking the East River.HEADQUARTERS • The headquarters of the United Nations is a distinctive complex in New York City. headquarters or for the U. that has served as the official headquarters of the United Nations since its completion in 1952. as a whole. Its borders are First Avenue on the west. New York.N. NY 10017. East 48th Street on the north and the East River to the east. USA .

UN AT A GLANCE.. 1945 by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security. promoting social progress. better living standards and human rights. developing friendly relations among nations. • United nations is an international organization founded after World War II on the 24th of October. . • UN has 192 members at present.

. through the General Assembly. and provide a forum for its 192 Member States to express their views. • Due to its unique international character. the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.UN AT A GLANCE. the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues. . and the powers vested in its founding Charter. the Security Council.

ORGANS OF UNO • The Organization has 6 principle organs – • The General Assembly • The Security Council • The Economic and Social Council • The Secretariat • The International Court of Justice • The United Nations Trusteeship Council .

Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations. receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions • The General Assembly meets under its president or Secretary-General in regular yearly sessions the main part of which lasts from September to December and resumed part from January until all issues are addressed (which often is just before the next session's start). appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council.THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY • The United Nations General Assembly is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. It can also reconvene for special and emergency special sessions .

outlined in the United Nations Charter. include the establishment of peacekeeping operations. which exists in continuous session. the Council. has travelled widely. and the authorization of military action. London.THE SECURITY COUNCIL • The United Nations Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers. such as Paris and Addis Ababa. Since its first meeting. as well as at its current permanent home at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. holding meetings in many cities. the establishment of international sanctions. Its powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council resolutions • The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946 at Church House. .

THE SECURITY COUNCIL • The Five Permanent Members of the Security council are – China Russia France United Kingdom United States of America .

it has also held a meeting each April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). in July.THE ECONOMIC & SOCIAL COUNCIL • The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations constitutes one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and it is responsible for the coordination of the economic. • The ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues. ECOSOC has 54 members and holds one substantive session each year. and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to Member States and the United Nations system. for a duration of four weeks. Since 1998. social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies. . its functional commissions and five regional commissions.

and consulting with member governments regarding various initiatives. gathering information on the implementation of Security Council decisions. competence.THE SECRETARIAT • The United Nations Secretariat is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary-General.N. bodies. It provides studies. administering peacekeeping operations. the UN Economic and Social Council. and other U. . and facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their meetings." with due regard for the importance of recruiting on a wide geographical basis. information. The United Nations Charter provides that the staff be chosen by application of the "highest standards of efficiency. and integrity. • The Secretary-General's duties include helping resolve international disputes. organizing international conferences. assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. It also carries out tasks as directed by the UN Security Council. the UN General Assembly.

and the UN General Assembly. It is based in the Peace Palace in The Hague.INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE • The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. Netherlands. . agencies. Its main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to provide advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international organs. The ICJ should not be confused with the International Criminal Court. which potentially also has global jurisdiction.

The trust territories—most of them former mandates of the League of Nations or territories taken from nations defeated at the end of World War II—have all now attained self-government or independence. was established to help ensure that trust territories were administered in the best interests of their inhabitants and of international peace and security. one of the principal organs of the United Nations. .THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL • The United Nations Trusteeship Council. The last was Palau. either as separate nations or by joining neighboring independent countries. formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. which became a member state of the United Nations in December 1994.

OTHER AGENCIES • Other prominent UN agencies include – World Health Organization (WHO) World Food Programme (WFP) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) .

the Health Organization. Switzerland. Established on 7 April 1948. with headquarters in Geneva. . It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor.WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION • The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. which was an agency of the League of Nations.

WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food aid branch of the United Nations. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group and part of its Executive Committee. on average. WFP works to help people who are unable to produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families. . 58 million of whom are children. From its headquarters in Rome and more than 80 country offices around the world. and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger worldwide. to 90 million people per year. WFP provides food.

to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. Headquartered in New York City. UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. 1946. It is one of the members of the United Nations Development Group and its Executive Committee. .UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN’S FUND United Nations Children's Fund was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11. UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the original United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name. In 1953.