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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 Akash Yalagach  Parth Sharma  Sarvesh Kurane  Sumit Tambe

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - Defined
• STOCKHOLM DECLARATION, 1972
Man has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate conditions of life, in an environment of a quality that permits a life of dignity and well being and he bears a solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for

present and future generation.

to which overriding priority should be given. . It contains within it two key concepts: • The concept of 'needs'. 1987 “OUR COMMON FUTURE” Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. • The idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs. in particular the essential needs of the world's poor.• BRUNDTLAND COMMISSION REPORT.

 is one.  is one in which utility (for consumption) is non-declining through time. which satisfies minimum conditions of ecosystem stability and resilience through time.  is one in which the natural capital stock is non-declining through time.A Sustainable State. .  is one in which resources are managed so as to maintain a sustainable yield of resource services.  is one in which resources are managed so as to maintain production opportunities for the future..

2.TYPES Sustainability is classified as follows: 1. Environmental sustainability. 3. Economic sustainability. . Social sustainability.

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to sustain timber supplies at adequate levels. and to absorb carbon dioxide emissions.  Critical loads quantifying depletions.WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY?  Environmental sustainability requires that the fundamental services provided by the environment be sustained at or above some minimum levels over time. the depletion might be limited so that the remaining stock is sufficient to maintain biodiversity at safe levels. which may have significant negative impacts on the ecosystem in the long run. Since we cannot completely stop it.  Take an example: World’s forest cover is depleting at an alarming rate. .

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 Waste. . Sea level rise. Pollution.ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS THE WORLD IS FACING  Climate change — Global warming.  Energy — Energy conservation. Greenhouse gas. Renewable energy. Fossil fuels. Habitat destruction. Ocean acidification.  Resource Depletion. Invasive species. Nuclear issues. Poaching. Ozone depletion.  Conservation — Species extinction. Efficient energy use.  Environmental degradation — Eutrophication. Endangered species.

 Investment in renewable sources of energy such as solar.  Encourage conservation of resources and necessary recycling.  Control over pollution.HOW TO ACHIEVE?  Limiting the human population to a level of within carrying capacity of environment.  Input efficient techniques should be used. etc. wind.  Avoiding the imposition of added costs or risks on future generations.  Rate of extraction of renewable resources should not exceed rate of regeneration. .  Conservation of natural resources. etc.

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Need To Invest In Alternatives To Fossil Fuels  It would make strategic and environmental sense to pour more resources into the research and development of alternatives to fossil fuels. .

but other industries in renewable and alternatives could be created. Fossil fuel-dependent industries cry foul of such suggestions.  The higher prices at petrol pumps in recent months may be a blessing in disguise if it makes consumers also think more about energy conservation and alternatives.  Perhaps in a similar way. . they do not need such support. for the market may respond to that. given those industries are now mature. but governments poured billions into fossil fuel development (before privatizing those industries).

 Despite environmental concerns. and the International Energy Agency estimates that more than $200bn will be spent by 2030 on harnessing the atom for energy output”. by 2050. given their efficient and environmental friendliness during operation. according to another BBC article. notes the BBC. . instead. and that other renewable alternatives should be invested in.  As an example. India expects to have 25% of its energy provided by nuclear power. “demand for nuclear power plants is on the increase. Many (not all) environmentalists fear the consequences and costs of accidents and radioactive waste and say it is not worth it.Nuclear Power  Nuclear power is one alternative to fossil fuels that many nations are considering. compared to the current 3%.

Shares of Energy Sources .

However. sustainable development and consumption would help avert ecological problems. Despite increased efforts at conservation.Biodiversity Threat  It has long been feared that human activity is causing massive extinctions. . The costs associated with deteriorating or vanishing ecosystems will be high.  Preserving species and their habitats is important for ecosystems to self-sustain themselves. it has not been enough and biodiversity losses continue.

 The Arctic is very sensitive to climate change and already has seen lots of changes. illegal hunting.  Rapid global warming can affect an ecosystem’s chances to adapt naturally.  Ocean biodiversity is also being affected as are other parts of the ecosystem. the pressures to destroy habitat for logging. Yet. and other challenges are making conservation a struggle. .

finance. such as through the promised-but-barely-delivered technology transfer. and capacity building.  Industrialized nations can help pay off their carbon debt by truly helping emerging countries develop along a cleaner path. . reforestation. To aid in this. have been suggested. or planting of new forests.How to control?  A mechanism suggested for tackling climate change and warming has been the idea of using Carbon Sinks to soak up carbon dioxide.

 Issues relating to consumption hence also affect environmental degradation.Consumption  How we consume. hunger. poverty. and for what purposes drives how we extract resources. . create products and produce pollution and waste. and even the rise in obesity that is nearing levels similar to the official global poverty levels.

.  Controlling consumption and efficient use of the available resources is the only way out.Battling consumption  Runaway growth in consumption in the past 50 years is putting strains on the environment never before seen.

water. water and wind energy go to waste everyday. hydrogen or electricity. Solar.SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INDIA  Use natural sources of energy as much as possible whenever possible.  Cars should only be running on natural energy such as solar. .  Rain water can be collected and filtered for washing and for agriculture.

bio gas for heating and bio diesel generators for industrial electricity. . solar energy for heating and electricity. and when plastic is used it should always be recycled. All kinds of metal and glass should be recycled. There should be more focus on ecological industrial fuel such as white coal that is made from grass and from wood.  Plastic as we commonly know it should be banned and be replaced by biodegradable plastic.

laid down in sustainability strategies at the national or local level.OUR CONCLUSION • Let communities define SD (based on their values. informed by understandings afforded by science about effects and consequences) • Have environmental policies and other sectorial policies (education. science. • We are not against official sustainability concerns and targets.) in the pursuit of SD. but a too narrow range of goals may act as a straight jacket. • When used there should be mechanisms to adapt top-down policies. etc. . moral positions.

nic.  Sustainability.  Ministry of Environment and Forests.  Sustainable Development.ITC Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Development.php  CII .in/index.  http://moef.References  Sustainable Development-by Anup Shah. . USA.Wikipedia.MIT.

.The future is in our hands. Lets follow sustainable development and make our earth a better place to live.

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