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ANCIENT CHINESE ART

By: Christy, Mario, and Shota

ART…
Why is art so important…? Art, is a creative way of expressing yourself. Without the art, everything would just be plain.  Art can have an impact on consciousness. It allows for ways of looking at and thinking about life, allows artists to bring public attentions to areas of concern.  Art and artists can - and do - make contributions that help focus awareness on needed social changes. Personal critical consciousness can be developed into the social life.

STONE AGE ART
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Stone age art the oldest art in the world and has its origins in remote antiquity. “Stone age art" dates back to 10,000 BC, mostly consisting of simple pottery and sculptures. China is a culture based around respect, customs, and traditions. The various kinds of visual arts in China have developed under the direct patronage of different imperial dynasties. The earliest art forms would use rock and stone for art because they didn’t know to use metal yet. Chinese art began more than 4000 years ago.

SUBJECT AND STYLE

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China has the following categories of visual arts to express itself: -Calligraphy -Pottery -Jewelry -Painting -Architecture -Sculpture -Bronze casting In paper cuts, they like to cut Buddha, opera faces, animals, flowers, children, and aerobics. Sometimes in their painting, they would use black and white, having one object with each color. One of their favorite subjects was nature. They believed that the spirit of nature gives life to everything, the painter must capture the feeling of nature.

 They made the most flexible of material -paper. and cloth.  Chinese people used jade to make mirrors and clay and stone to make pottery and statues. jade (a liquid painted onto metal or wood to form a hard shiny surface). bronze. lacquer (a liquid painted onto metal or wood to form a hard shiny surface). clay.  .PROCESS AND MATERIAL The Chinese used many materials such as medal.  At a ceremony they would use bronze to make wine vessels in animal shapes. silk.

 Jades reflected many Chinese beliefs and values in ancient.JADE CULTURE The Lanzhou culture was the last Neolithic Jade culture.300 years.  . and was spaced over a period of about 1.  Artists used the small birds.  Jade is a green stone that cannot be carved so it has to be ground. turtles and fish to make pendants.

when they were collected and prized for their shape and design. were crafted. and also for the various green.  The Shang are remembered for their bronze casting. blue green.  Shang bronzes became appreciated as works of art from the Song Dynasty.  .BRONZE CASTING The Bronze Age in China began with the Xia Dynasty. and even reddish patinas created by chemical reaction as they lay buried in the ground.  More elaborate objects. including many ritual vessels.

and Buddhism.INFLUENCE Chinese arts are influenced by three major religions: Confucianism.  The three major kinds of subject they liked to paint were birds. flowers.  Another major influence was nature. and landscapes from the countryside.  All landscape painters tried to get a feeling of the human spirit and the strength of the wind.  .  All the religions stress love for nature.  Painting became an art form more than 2000 years ago then influenced the later painters. mist and mountains. water. Taoism.

carved jade and lacquer ware such as figures of fish. birds. dots.000 years old.  Early pottery was painted with spirals.  .C. flowers. zigzags. deer. tree leaves and dancing people which dates back to around 6. or animals.CHINESE PAINTING Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.  Chinese painting was used on decorative bronzes.000 to 7.  It was only during the Warring States Period (403221 B. frogs.) that artists began to represent the world around them.

 Traditional painting is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink.TRADITIONAL PAINTING Painting in the traditional style is known today in Chinese is guó huà (国画). meaning 'national' or 'native painting'.  The most popular materials on which paintings are made of are paper and silk.gong-bi (工筆) often referred to as "court-style" painting -Freehand .shui-mo (水墨) water color or brush painting. however.  . oils are not used.  The two main techniques in Chinese painting are: -Meticulous .

Chinese paintings fall into several categories. such as figure paintings. landscapes. and flower-and-bird paintings . By Lu Ji .

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He has beautifully captured the mountains and rivers with the strokes of his brush. put more emphasis on technique in his paintings of mountains. By Li Sixuan. an outstanding artist in the Tang Dynasty .Li Sixun's landscape portraits have a mood and a very unique style. which decreased their artistic quality. Li Zhaodao. His son. Li Sixun had an equally excellent command of portraying both animals and landscapes. rivers and wild animals.

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CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY I Ancient Chinese sculptures have attained great achievements in different sculpture branches and different historical periods.  .  They are rich in subject matter and presenting strong and vivid flavor of the country. the sculptures in the Qin and Han Dynasties are rough and sturdy.  For instance... and the sculptures in Tang and Song Dyansties are rich and elegant. the sculptures in the Wei and Jin Dynasties are vigorous and graceful.

such as pigs. They are stress on the feeling and artistic conception which is able to lead people to another artistic world. . dogs and chickens. (A gui is an ancient Chinese pitcher with three legs. The most representative of the pottery sculptures in the lower reaches of the Yellow River are pottery guis. used by people in the Neolithic Age. The animals depicted in these sculptures are mostly domesticated livestock.CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY II      The ancient Chinese sculptures are full of expressionistic spirit.) The guis were made in the shape of animals. sheep. such as pigs and dogs.

The earliest form of Chinese writing. The seven strokes or 'Seven Mysteries' as they are called: -Horizontal line -dot -sweeping downward stroke -vertical line -sharp curve and downward stroke   Calligraphy in Chinese is known as "Shufa" (书法) and it is a unique part of Chinese culture with a history of five thousand years. dates back to 28th century BC.CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY III  There are seven standard strokes. .

Brushes are made from animal hair that is bundled together and put on bamboo reeds. use rabbit hair.CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY IV   Tools: Chinese ink. For small delicate writing. They are usually decorated.Ink stones are made from stone or pottery. and usually comes in the shape of sticks. Brush rest. foxes. or mice depending on the type of writing.It is solid. sheep hair is good. They are flat and hard. Chinese brush.   . For bold writing. deer. Chinese ink stone. Black ink is made from the soot of pinewood or oil smoke. The stroke order creates the correct effect for the character. The stroke order of a character is important in mastering calligraphy. and are sometimes shaped into beautiful objects. If you have to grind more ink. you may not be able to make it the same shade.These stands are used to hold extra brushes. The calligrapher puts water on the ink stone. then grinds the stick of ink against it.    This makes ink that can be brushed on paper. The Chinese use hair from wolves. It is important to grind enough ink to finish what you start. sheep. rabbits.

Johnan-Sanjin’s Calligraphy Kingdoms .

which dates back to the 6. but these eventually evolved into symmetricalgeometric abstract designs.NEOLITHIC POTTERY Early forms of art in China are found in the Neolithic Yangchow culture (仰韶文化).  Early ceramics (art objects such as figures) were unpainted and most often cord-marked.  The first decorations were fish and human faces.  .000 BC. some painted.

C. Of these. and bronze are the dominant materials used in the pottery of ancient China from around 4000 B. clay and bronze were the most important materials. the best of which were buried with their owners.  Clay.ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY I The ancient art of pottery (ceramics) has a rich history.  Both materials were used to make pots and containers in a variety of shapes. jade.  .

ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY II   This pot was used as funeral urns. Which pot do you think made earlier? or . These pots make a statement about their use as well as their function in the society.

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TAKE A LOOK INSIDE AND SEE 3 CHAMBERS .

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and possessions dear to them during life. animals. .ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY III  It is from the Han Dynasty (202 BC-AD 220) that the history of pottery making in China is ordinarily traced.  The ancient Chinese had a custom of burying the dead with pottery images of people.

CHINESE BRONZE CASTING I Bronze is an alloy of copper and a variety of other elements such as tin.C. and lead.  .000 years.  Bronze ware can be found in many ancient civilizations. aluminum.  It saw the growth and maturity of a civilization that would be sustained in its essential aspects for another 2.  The Bronze Age in China began around 2000 B.

 During Xia. Early days of Bronze in China. mirror and other tools.  Bronze was used to make musical instruments. weapons.  . and containers. bronze production peaked.  The bronze knife was dated to 3000 BC.CHINESE BRONZE CASTING II The early bronze item in China was a knife discovered in Gansu Province Majiayao site. bronze was mostly used to make knives. Shang and Zhou dynasties.  Bronze instrument and containers were wide used in sacrificial ceremonies.

 Taotie is a Chinese mythical creature.  . said to have only head and no bodies. As the bronze gains popularity.  Cicada patterns became popular in Shang and Western Zhou dynasties. the shape of the bronze items are very simple. Dragon patterns were popular in bronze decorations.CHINESE BRONZE CASTING III Taotie was one of the most popular motifs (main material) for the bronze ware during that time.  During the Spring and Autumn period.  The items were hammered into shape. more complex shapes needs to be made.  At the beginning.

Jue stands on three legs and fire can be placed under the legs for heating. A King can have nine Dings in his tomb. except some of the older Dings are square and have four legs. Most Bronze Dings are three-legged. Two short stubs on top of jue are called Zhu. and then became a status symbol.Ding is one of the most common bronze vessels. The jue vessels are used for drinking as a modern day pint glass. . especially for burial. Ding started as a cooking device.

. • It stores wine. You can also find Zuns in animal shapes such as sheep. elephant. and rhinoceroses.• Zun is a common wine vessel that has the most creative shapes.

The decorative patterns could be carved or stamped directly on the inner surface of the mold. This technique enabled the bronze worker to achieve a high degree of sharpness and definition of the most intricate designs. which was used in all other Bronze Age cultures. The piece-mold method was most likely the only one used in China until at least the end of the Shang dynasty. .CHINESE BRONZE CASTING IV     The earliest Chinese bronzes were made by the method known as piece-mold casting.

 Such animals are carved in Jade.  Jewelry designs and fashion included scrolls. winged birds.  The dragon is a mythical beast symbolizing. turtles.  .  Turtles are regarded as divine animals in Chinese culture and symbolize longevity. dragons and the phoenix.ANCIENT JEWELRY Ancient Chinese Jewelry was produced during the following dates: 2200-300 BC.  Dyed feathers were added to further enhance jewelry. flowers. intelligence and good will.

. seal rings. temple and coin pendants. pectorals. bracelets. Jade is valued by the Chinese more than any other gemstone. flowers. scrolls. dragons and the phoenix. The most popular pieces included headdresses. necklaces. Men and women wore items of jewelry as symbols of their wealth and status.THE INFLUENCES OF CHINESE ANCIENT JEWELRY      Many Chinese jewelry designs were religious. anklets and diadems. head jewelry. winged birds. containing various Buddhist symbols. It was traditional for men wore one earring and women to wear a pair of earrings. rings.

anklets and diadems. . bracelets. necklaces. seal rings. head jewelry.  Men wore one earring and women wore a pair of earrings. rings. pectorals. temple and coin pendants.USING JEWELRY  Ancient Chinese people used the jewelry in many ways included headdresses.

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com/arts/calligraphy. 2007.com/Classical_Chinese_PaintingsIndex.com/ancient-china/chinese-calligraphy.p." Travel China Guide.com/ancient-chinese-calligraphy.chinesecalligraphyexpo.p.p. <http://www. Web.com/intro/arts/chinese-painting. Web. "What is calligraphy?.    "Chinese Painting.    . Web. 2004.weiyangart. <http://www.html>.htm>. an Outstanding Artist in the Tang Dynasty.html>. Web.htm>.p. "Famous Chinese Brush Painting Artists in China. N..p.chinavoc. N.chinesesymbols. 1998. "Chinese Calligraphy. <http://www. 1995..net/chinese_artist. "Ancient Chinese Calligraphy. N." Chinese Calligraphy Expo.asia-art. Web..com/ancient-chinese-paintings." Chinese Art Paintings.. 2008." Asian-Art. N. Web. N. Web.travelchinaguide. <http://www. <http://www. <http://www." Art China Voc. N..html>. 2011.p. N.htm>.htm>.p. <http://chinesepaintingsexpo.BIBLIOGRAPHY II  "Ancient Chinese Paintings:Li Sixun." Chinese Paintings Expo. "Divide Chinese Painting Gallery.." Google. 2011..

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