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Seminar by

:
BHARATH.S MAHAVEER JAYANTH.N.R MOHAN.B PAVAN.M 1MV03CS016 1MV03CS028 1MV04CS401 1MV04CS403

CONTENTS
Introduction Evolution of consumer optical discs Key characteristics Physical format How does the blu-ray work? Comparison with other discs. Applications Conclusion

INTRODUCTION The main objective of this presentation is limited to understanding the characteristics of blu-ray discs. format of the blu-ray discs. Why the name blu-ray disc? . the disc-structure and recording and playback technologies. comparisons with DVDs and HD-DVDs and its applications among other things.

EVOLUTION OF CONSUMER OPTICAL DISCS CDs in 1980s DVDs in 1990s HD-DVDs in 2003 Blu-ray discs in… .

EVOLUTION OF CONSUMER OPTICAL DISCS (contd…) .

KEY CHARACTERSTICS Broadest Industry Support Supported by leading hardware manufactures such as Dell. Sony. Samsung. and many others Lifespan 10 – 15 years Cost Production costs are within 10% less than DVD production cost . Hitachi. HP. LG.

the discs offer much stronger resistance to scratches and finger prints .KEY CHARACTERSTICS Capacity (Cont…) 27GB for single layer Blu-ray disc 54GB for double layer Blu-ray disc Content protection Provides some of the strongest copy protection schemes ever Robustness of disc Because of the hard coating for Blu-ray disc.

can be expressed as follows: Capacity α ( NA / λ )2 . which is in inverse proportion to the square of spot size.PHYSICAL FORMAT •Basic Parameters The Blu-ray Disc system has the following three basic parameters: Laser wavelength : 405 nm Objective-lens numerical aperture (NA): 0.85 Cover thickness : 0.1 mm The capacity.

85.6 NA can be increased 2. Wavelength and NA The capacity of DVD with 650 nm wavelength and 0.5 times by decreasing the wavelength to 405 nm. .•Capacity vs. and can be doubled by increasing the NA to 0.

. and the thickness of the cover layer L1 is around 75 µm. L1 is defined by the L0 plane sandwiched around a 25 µm thick buffer layer.• The structure of dual layer disc Here. This policy is still unchanged today. and the basic thickness of a Blu-ray layer is 100 µm. a thickness that will be kept if multi-layer is adopted.

The track pitch between grooves in Blu-ray Disc is 0.32 µm. i. lands are sandwiched between adjacent grooves to block heat transfer between the grooves. preventing signal quality deterioration due to the influence of data recording in adjacent groove tracks with a narrow track pitch.. For the groove recording method.e.The track format of Blu-ray Disc is groove-recording. recording data only on groove tracks. .

HOW DOES BLU-RAY WORK? .

Blu-ray uses a blue laser (which is where the format gets its name). A blue laser has a shorter wavelength (405 nanometers) than a red laser (650 nanometers). . A laser reads the other side of these pits – the bumps – to play the movie or program that is stored on the DVD.HOW DOES BLU-RAY WORK?(Contd….) Discs store digitally encoded video and audio information in pits – spiral grooves that run from the center of the disc to its edges.

Blu – ray has reduced the track pitch to 0. The smaller pits.32 microns. enabling it to read information recorded in pits that are only 0. smaller beam and shorter track pitch together enable a single Blu – ray disc to hold more than 25GB of information .HOW DOES BLU-RAY WORK?(Contd….) The smaller beam focuses more precisely.15 microns (µm) (1 micron = 10-6 meters) long – this is more than twice as small as the pits on a DVD.

Having a polycarbonate layer on top of the data can cause a problem called birefringence. . if the DVD surface is not exactly flat. and is therefore not exactly perpendicular to the beam. If the beam is split too widely. the data is sandwiched between two polycarbonate layers. it can lead to a problem known as disc tilt. the disc cannot be read.HOW DOES BLU-RAY WORK?(Contd…. Also. in which the substrate layer refracts the laser light into two separate beams. in which the laser beam is distorted.) In a DVD. each 0.6-mm thick.

Blu-ray Disc Vs CD & DVD .

Blu-ray Disc Vs CD & DVD .

resulting in less production material. the manufacturing process does not involve the bonding of two substrates. . As a result of Blu-ray Disc being manufactured as a single substrate. More precision and ultra high storage densities are made possible. a shorter production time and hence lower production costs per disc.Blu-ray Disc Vs CD & DVD Due to the fact that the data layer on a Blu-ray Disc is placed much "closer" to the laser lens than in DVD (or even the HD-DVD proposal). there is less distortion resulting in significantly improved tolerances.

Blu-ray Disc Vs CD & DVD .

Furthermore. the disc can be safely stored for many years. There is even room for additional content such as special features and other bonus material to accompany the high definition movie High Definition Camcorder Archiving The Blu-ray disc format. preserving the pure picture and audio level as offered by the broadcaster.APPLICATIONS High Definition Television Recording The Blu-ray disc format offers consumers the ablility to record their high definition television broadcast in their original quality. High Definition Video Distribution Depending on the encoding method. with its unprecedented storage capacity. without the tape wears . there is room for more than 7 hours of the highest HD quality video. allows for HD video recorded with an HD camcorder to be converted and recorded on a Blu-ray disc.

the format is optimized for Digital Asset Management and Professional applications that require vast amounts of storage space. As Blu-ray disc uses the same form factor as CD and DVD.APPLICATIONS Mass Data Storage The Blu-ray disc format offers 5 to 10 times as much capacity as traditional DVD resulting in 25 to 50GB of data to be stored on a single rewritable disc. this allows for Blu-ray disc drives that can still read and write to CD and DVD media as well. low cost per GB and extremely versatile ways of transferring data from one device to another. . Digital Asset Management and Professional Storage Due to its high capacity.

Blu-ray discs can hold and playback large quantities of high-definition video and audio. With their high storage capacity. a new technology emerged that brought digital sound and video into homes all over the world. as well as photos. The industry is set for yet another revolution with the introduction of Blu-ray Discs (BD). data and other digital content.CONCLUSION In 1997. . It was called DVD.

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