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LEADERSHIP

Leadership is the ability and willingness to influence others so that they respond willingly and enthusiastically for achieving predetermined goals.

ability and willingness influence

to

LEADER
respond willingly and enthusiastically

PEOPLE

creates a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary in the accomplishment of a common task.

self-confident etc. no-antisocial attitudes. 4. well-adjusted. free from bias. Intelligence: Higher level of mental ability to comprehend. health and appearance. refrains from anger. good dealings with people etc.1. weight.Physical features: Height. Human relationship: Adequate knowledge of human relations. 2. 3. Emotional stability: Consistent in action. . to understand and profit from experience.

. . analyze. seek advice. values and feelings. organize. 6. Empathy: Ability to look at things objectively & understanding them from others’ point of view. good acceptance etc. ability to work together & to conduct himself properly with people. delegate. 10. Motivating skills: Not only a self-motivated but has requisite to motivate his followers. Objectivity: Based on relevant facts & information. 7. know their strengths & weaknesses. control.5. 8. making good decision. 9. Communicative skills: Communicate effectively. Social skills: Understand people. beliefs. Technical skills: Ability to plan. win co-operation etc.Respect for the other person’s rights.

IT IS NOT NECESSARY THAT ALL THESE QUALITIES ARE POSSESSD BY A SUCCESSFUL LEADER IN EQUAL QUANTITY. BUT WOULD BE VERY EFFECTIVE IF A LEADER POSSESSES ALL THE QUALITIES. .

BEHAVIORAL THEORY & 4. .CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP THEORY 2. SITUATINAL THEORY.1. TRAIT THEORY 3.

etc. strong conviction (belief). attitudes. biological factors etc. personality. can be acquired . . dominance.A leader has very high levels of referent power. selfconfidence. God-gifted (in-born qualities) attribute in a person.CHARISTMATIC LEADERSHIP THEORY: -“A leader is born not made” .A leadership traits like intelligence. . TRAIT THEORY: -A leader can be made through learning & experience.

SITUATIONAL THEORY: Leadership will be affected by the factors associated with the leader and factors associated with the situation. .

Forming a shared vision inspiring people to achieve more. LEADER Guiding as a vital skill (Ability to produce solutions in some problem domain). . Mental & emotional strength energizing the people. Opening to learning with resilience.

Effective leaders harness 3 forces: Power .

giving them loyalty and commitment.Knowledge: . sharing rewards and hard times and not abusing their power.have vision and they know how to fulfill that vision.creating confidence through disclosing & sharing relevant information.know or can find out what should be done.fulfilling the spirit of their agreements. . - Trust . . . .

providing guidance rather than issuing commands.. .know how to review and evaluate constructively.know how to be consultants. .know when and how to delegate. .Power: .

.THE EFFECTIVNESS OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR ALSO LIES ON VARIOUS FACTORS WHICH ARE NOT IN THE LEADER BUT EXTERNAL FACTORS LIKE NATURE OF FOLLOWERS AND THE SITUATIONS INVOLVED.

Destine or . Leadership focuses on : Inspiration .An ability that has been acquired by training & competencies . designate for a certain purpose.Arousal of the mind to productive activity or creative thinking and work & Meaning: Rich in significance or implication.Management is focused on : skills .The quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually.

COMPLEMENTARY STRENGTH: Management Processes Facts Intellectual Head Control Reactive Rules Goals Written communications Light a fire under people Leadership People Feelings Emotional Heart Commitment Proactive Values Vision Verbal communications Stoke the fire within people .

Strong companies understand the difference between the two – and thus foster the development of high-potential individuals and teams. .

motivation & direction. LEADER Achieves the company’s vision. faith and confidence Strength . maintain momentum of good result throughout the journey = Individual = Team . strategy and targets.trust.

.“LEADERSHIP IS HOW TO DO THE BEST FOR ALL TOWARDS THE ATTAINMENT OF SPECIFIC GOAL OR GOALS THROUGH CONTINOUS PROCESS OF INFLUENCING BEHAVIOR”.

.Managerial effectiveness is a leader’s ability to achieve desired results. How well he applies his skills and abilities in guiding and directing others determines whether he can meet those results effectively.

FACTORS OF MANAGERIAL EFFECTIVENESS CAUSAL VARIABLES INTERVENING VARIABLES MANAGER END-RESULT VARIABLES .

Awareness and management skills of emotion (Anger. 1. moves and directs behavior.abilities that have been acquired by training. Perception . Learning . Sadness. 4. Enjoyment. 2.Emotional stability .) 7. Attitude . selecting. Shame etc.Receiving.Feeling and behaving in a favorable or unfavorable way. Skills . 3. 8. Love.Acquiring new thoughts and behaviors.Personality . organizing and interpreting. Motivation – Activating inner state that energizes . .Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment(either for or against something). Disgust. 6.Thoughts. feelings and actions. Surprise. 5. Values .CAUSAL VARIABLES: Factors that influence the course of development within a person or an organization.

END-RESULT VARIABLES: Factors in which a person’s result are measured. .INTERVENING VARIABLES -Factors which are reflected as internal state of a person which is the cause of casual variables. Behavior – The observable and measurable activity of human beings.

If we want to change a person’s behavior. . we have to change his causal variables .

Perceptual 7. Ability to learn 8. Internal motivation Score for More effectiveness Less effectiveness High Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Low . Positive attitudes 9. Adaptability 2.Characteristics 1. Extroversion 5. Emotional stability 4. Openness 6. Focus on a specific goal 3.

Responsible 13. Co-operate with others. 8. Stimulus to action. Set goal realistically. 2. Well-informed etc.Derive decision by group consensus.Manage people instead of work. 6. Communicate effectively. Rely on others for help in solving problems. Delegate frequently & effectively. 12. 9. 3. 7. . Co-ordinate effectively. (things in order) 10. 11.1. Show consistent and dependable behavior. 4. 5. Plan and organize effectively.

. and the kind of organization they work for. depending on their rank. their role in the organization.Managers generally faced various limitations on their activities.

2. Managerial Levels: There are many different types of managers with diverse tasks and responsibilities. Type of job they have.DIFFERENCES IN MANAGERS: 1. Amount of time they devote. . 3.

they are foremen or supervisors. more participation in decision making.Top Managers: Concerned with long-term complex. establishes operating policies and guides the organization's interaction with its environment. . involve daily operations. Lower Level Managers: Concerned with shortterm problems.

. producing the results or meeting the targets in every sphere of the activities of organizations.ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE: GENERAL MANAGER Finance manager Marketing manager HR manager Production manager R&D manager Effectiveness is best seen as something a manager produces from a situation by managing it appropriately.

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BUT AN ORGANIZATION NEEDS BOTH MANAGERS AND LEADERS TO MANAGE WORK AND PEOPLE IN THE ATTAINMENT OF THE PREDTERMINED GOAL. .IMPLICATION : A manager can be a leader but a leader may not be a manager.

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