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Why Save Tigers?

Tiger is symbol of wilderness and well-being of the ecosystem. By conserving and saving tigers the entire wilderness ecosystem is conserved. In nature, barring human beings and their domesticates, rest of the ecosystem is wild. Hence conserving wilderness is important and crucial to maintain the life support system. So saving tiger amounts to saving the ecosystem which is crucial for man's own survival.
"Do not cut down the forest with its tigers and do not banish the tigers from the forest. The tiger perishes without the forest, and the forest perishes without its tigers. Therefore the tiger should stand guard over the forest and the forest should protect all its tigers".

Kailash Sankhala ,Tiger man of India; Founder of Project Tiger, 1973

Another reason is habitat loss due to depletion of forest cover interference of humans and encroachment of forest land by people causing fragmentation.000 tigers in India. there were almost reportedly 40.000 remain in the wild.Reasons for the Endangered Status The Tiger is endangered because it is poached for its body parts to cater to an illegal market. At the turn of the century. 3 . but now only around 4.

Despite all the efforts to preserve the Tigers. it is believed that around 60 to 70 tigers were shot dead during the late years of the 90’s. Such a number may look small to the reader. but in fact represents close to fifteen percent of the total Sumatran tiger population. 4 .

but projects have helped the population to re-grow. the populations of Tigers stand at around 4.500. Today. In the 1970s. 5 . the numbers were much smaller. deforestation and urbanization have a major impact on the Bengal Tiger population.Today. Tigers are forced to move out from their natural habitats and as a result can no longer easily hunt food.

Bengal Tigers form the largest subspecies of tigers in the world. The Bengal Tiger population is very fragile today: they have nearly been driven to extinction and numerous projects are now in place to preserve the population. Although they do not typically hunt humans. Living in grasslands and in rainforests. 6 . Most commonly found in India and Bangladesh. they are the ‘national animal’ of both these countries. they can weight up to 220kg. they may do so in cases of extreme hunger.

7 . the largest one being ‘Project Tiger’.Several projects have been set-up by government agencies to help conserve the Bengal Tiger population.

and their population has become very rare in China (a couple dozen) and Mongolia. in addition to Mongolia and Korea. Then they started getting fewer to the extent where one could no longer find them in south Korea. 8 . and were sometimes called north China tigers as they could also be found in north China.These lovely tigers were larger in number only a few decades ago.

but still. Luckily. 9 . They are now heavily protected and mostly kept in zoos where a close eye can kept on them. this is considered a very low number (close to the Sumatran tiger population). over five hundred tigers can be accounted for nowadays. It was then that efforts were taken in order to save them from extinction.They kept decreasing in size until reaching only a fewer dozens (less than 50) in the mid 20th century.

many animal preservation agencies say that tigers are still being hunted throughout India and Bangladesh. even inside national parks themselves. 10 . Although there are strict rules against hunting tigers.Tigers are sometimes hunted for their fur or their body parts. which can be used in traditional Chinese medicine.

While they no doubt have played a major part in the fairly successful conservation project. 11 . who claim that the projects have not been efficiently organized and that tiger numbers may have been inflated by the agencies in order to protect jobs. they are also subject to criticism by several activists.

One particularly controversial incident was the complete loss of the Bengal Tiger population in the ‘Sariska Tiger Reserve’ as a result of hunting. 12 .

It is important that the public is made aware of the efforts that are taking place in order to save these amazing and important animals. It is only then that they have a chance to 13 survive. Sadly. . these beautiful animals have been driven to near extinction as a consequence of urbanization and hunting.The Bengal Tiger plays a major role in the heritage of India and Bangladesh.

They can mainly be found in the east-most regions of the Siberia region of Russia. 14 .Siberian tigers are one of the most critically endangered tiger species in the world. which explains their name origins.

What has mainly contributed to the reduction of the South Chinese tiger population is the amount of illegal hunting that has taken place in these southern forests. in addition to the reduction in the number of prey it can hunt (again. mostly due to humans).Experts estimate that the south China tiger population does not exceed two to three dozens only! This has earned it a ranking between the world’s top 10 animals that are on the verge of extinction � pretty sad. 15 .

000) but in captivity breeders are taking white tigers and breeding them with each other. circuses and private owners have turned the breeding and rearing of white tigers into big business. In the wild white tigers are extremely rare due to the scarcity and low probability of a tiger inheriting both recessive genes (chances are 1 in 10.Unethical Breeding Due to their larger size and the unique white colour zoos. 16 . Father with daughter. brother with sister etc.

A white tiger can sell for as much as $100. Zoo’s.000 so if you already own a couple why not breed them create some cubs and sell them off for some extra profit. circuses and private owners openly admit that the white tiger serves as a great attraction for visitors increasing visitors and of course revenues. 17 .Why do they keep inbreeding ? The answer of course is related to money. White tigers are a part of the ever expanding exotic animals trade which has grown to become a multi million dollar business and is second only to the illegal drug trade business.

Establishments and individuals who claim their trying to save or keep the species alive are simply manipulating the truth to keep their unethical activities alive. 18 . Breeding of white tigers is nothing short of evil and benefits the tiger species in no way what so ever.

19 . are often held to be sacred. When it occurs in the wild the animals have a very low survival rate.Albinism is very rare. but you will rarely sight an albino. and their slightly less rare white cousins. Such is the rarity of albino animals that they. In captivity the rate of survival is good. This applies to white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India.

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