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 Three-Phase line inductance
 Symmetrical spacing
 Asymmetrical spacing
 Transposition

Composite condutor
|
|
.
|

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|
+ + + + + × =
= + + + + +
÷
an
n
am
m
ac
c
ab
b a a
n m c b a
D
I
D
I
D
I
D
I
r
I
I I I I I
1
ln
1
ln
1
ln
1
ln
'
1
ln 10 2
0
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Composite Conductors
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Composite Conductors
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Composite Conductors
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Similarly,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
n strands that are electrically parallel:
Composite Conductors
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Substituting the values of L
a
, L
b
etc.
Where,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Where,
Bundled Conductors
 Extra high voltage lines corona causes problems such as
power loss, interference, etc.
 The high voltage surface gradient is reduced considerably
by having two or more conductors.
 It also reduces the inductance of lines by reducing voltage
drop.
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Bundled Conductors
where n=2,3 ....
Where, D
s
is the GMR of the conductor
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Line Parameters Preview
 Resistance
 Inductance
 Inductance of single conductor
 Inductance of three-phase line (symmetrical, asymmetrical
spacing, transposition)
 Composite and bundled conductor

Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
 Capacitance in a transmission line results due to the potential
difference between the conductors.
 The conductors get charged in the same way as the parallel
plates of a capacitor.
 Capacitance between two parallel conductors depends on the
size and the spacing between the conductors.
 Usually the capacitance is neglected for the transmission lines
that are less than 80 km (50 miles) long.
 However the capacitance becomes significant for longer lines
with higher voltage.

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Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
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Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
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Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
Let us assume that conductor 1 carries
a charge of q
1
C/m while conductor 2
carries a charge q
2
C/m.

D>> r
1
and r
2
and ground influence
also is neglected.

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Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
Let principle of superposition
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Assume that q
1
(= -q
2
) is equal to q
Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
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Assuming r
1
= r
2
= r
Capacitance is defined between the
conductor and neutral