You are on page 1of 17

# Preview

## Three-Phase line inductance

Symmetrical spacing
Asymmetrical spacing
Transposition

Composite condutor
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + + + + =
= + + + + +

an
n
am
m
ac
c
ab
b a a
n m c b a
D
I
D
I
D
I
D
I
r
I
I I I I I
1
ln
1
ln
1
ln
1
ln
'
1
ln 10 2
0
7

Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Similarly,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
n strands that are electrically parallel:
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Substituting the values of L
a
, L
b
etc.
Where,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Where,
Bundled Conductors
Extra high voltage lines corona causes problems such as
power loss, interference, etc.
The high voltage surface gradient is reduced considerably
by having two or more conductors.
It also reduces the inductance of lines by reducing voltage
drop.
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Bundled Conductors
where n=2,3 ....
Where, D
s
is the GMR of the conductor
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Line Parameters Preview
Resistance
Inductance
Inductance of single conductor
Inductance of three-phase line (symmetrical, asymmetrical
spacing, transposition)
Composite and bundled conductor

Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
Capacitance in a transmission line results due to the potential
difference between the conductors.
The conductors get charged in the same way as the parallel
plates of a capacitor.
Capacitance between two parallel conductors depends on the
size and the spacing between the conductors.
Usually the capacitance is neglected for the transmission lines
that are less than 80 km (50 miles) long.
However the capacitance becomes significant for longer lines
with higher voltage.

http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Capacitance of a Straight Conductor
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
Let us assume that conductor 1 carries
a charge of q
1
C/m while conductor 2
carries a charge q
2
C/m.

D>> r
1
and r
2
and ground influence
also is neglected.

http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
Let principle of superposition
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Assume that q
1
(= -q
2
) is equal to q
Capacitance of a Single-Phase Line
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Assuming r
1
= r
2
= r
Capacitance is defined between the
conductor and neutral