16 views

Uploaded by nnvpratap

save

You are on page 1of 18

Electrical Design

Insulator Characteristics: Homogeneous, low leakage, high

dielectric and mechanical strength and long life.

Ratings: Working voltage, Flashover voltage and Puncture

Voltage

Materials: Porcelain, Glass, Polymeric insulation materials

Type of insulators: Pin, Suspension, Strain

1

Pin Type Insulator

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insulator_(electrical)

2

Suspension Type Insulators

http://www.electrotechnik.net/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insulator_(electrical) 3

Strain Type Insulator

http://lifeatllu.blogspot.com/2009_03_01_archive.html

4

Shackle, Post and Polymeric insulators

http://www.electrotechnik.net/

Shackle insulators or

spool insulators

Post type insulators Polymeric insulators

5

Potential Distribution over String

Capacitance of disc:

Capacitance between metal

work of the insulator units;

some times called as mutual

capacitance.

Capacitance to ground:

capacitance between metal

work of insulator to tower.

http://www.epemag.net/electricity-generation-pylons.html

C

mC

m = =

ground to e Capacitanc

insulator per e Capacitanc

6

Potential Distribution over the String

If V is voltage across the conductor and

ground. We have:

Also

(

¸

(

¸

+ =

m

V V

1

1

1 2

7

Potential Distribution over the String

Similarly,

(

¸

(

¸

+ + =

2

1 3

1 3

1

m m

V V

8

Potential Distribution over the String

Similarly,

(

¸

(

¸

+ + + =

3 2

1 4

1 5 6

1

m m m

V V

9

String Efficiency

Let m = 5

(

¸

(

¸

+ =

m

V V

1

1

1 2

(

¸

(

¸

+ + =

2

1 3

1 3

1

m m

V V

(

¸

(

¸

+ + + =

3 2

1 4

1 5 6

1

m m m

V V

1 2

2 . 1 V V =

1 2

64 . 1 V V =

1 2

41 . 2 V V =

% 8 . 63 100

41 . 2 4

) 41 . 2 64 . 1 2 . 1 1 (

100

1

1

= ×

×

+ + +

=

×

×

=

V

V

line to adjacent unit across Voltage n

String Across Voltage

Ef f ciency String

10

Methods of Equalizing the Potential

Methods to improve string efficiency

Selection of m

Grading of units

Static shielding or guard rings

11

Selection of m

If the value of m is increased, which can

be achieved by increasing the cross-arm

length.

Increased cross-arm length decreases the

capacitance between earth and metallic

connections.

However increasing cross-arm length is

not economical after certain distance.

Theoretically, one can achieve equal

voltage distribution when m is infinity.

It is found that value of m greater than

10 is not economical.

12

Grading of Units

Voltage across capacitor is

inversely proportional to the

capacitance for given current.

By correct grading of

capacitances complete equality

voltage can be achieved.

We have,

( )

1 2

1 2

1 1 2

C C C

V C V C V C

I I I

C

+ =

+ =

+ =

e e e

13

Grading of Units

( )

( )

( )C C C

C C C

V C C V C V C

C C C But

V C V C V C

I I I

C

2 1

3

2

2

1 3

1 3

1 3

1 2

2 3

2 2 3

+ + =

+ =

+ + =

+ =

+ =

+ =

e e e

e e e

Generalized case:

( ) ( )C n C C

n

1 3 2 1

1

÷ + + + + + =

on so and , 11 , 8 , 6

4 3 2

C C C C C C = = =

Therefore, if C

1

=5C, then

14

Grading of Units

Thus if capacitance of one unit is

fixed other capacitances can be

easily determined.

This requires units of different

capacities, which is uneconomical

and impractical.

Therefore this method is usually

not employed except for very high

voltage lines.

In that case, string is graded in

groups, may be two/three.

15

Static Shielding

3 3 4

2 2 3

1 1 2

C z

C y

C x

I I I I

I I I I

I I I I

+ = +

+ = +

+ = +

( ) 1

) 1 (

1

÷

=

= ÷

=

n

C

C

V C V n Cx

I I

x

C x

e e

Voltages can be equal if

Also,

( ) 2

2

2 ) 2 (

2

÷

=

= ÷

=

n

C

C

V C V n Cy

I I

y

C y

e e

Similarly, and

( ) 3

3

÷

=

n

C

C

Z

( ) p n

pC

C

p

÷

=

16

Static Shielding

In practice, it is very difficult to

achieve the condition of equal

voltages.

However the partial advantage

can be gained by this method

(guard ring) and used normally.

Further, when the horn gap is

also used, it also protect the

insulator from the flashover.

17

Numerical Method (FEM, BEM, FDM, etc.)

18

- 15-TMSS-03-R0Uploaded byrenjithas2005
- BOM - 225-33kV Substation SIN - 07.05.15Uploaded byManoj Mohan
- C-1341-0412-16110 - 01Uploaded byA. K. M. Faisal
- Suspension Insulator StringUploaded byRiyah_Rae
- Perfect ALC VocabUploaded byKittinan Baochangharn
- ELT_235_3Uploaded bySatyam Mehta
- Transmission LinesUploaded byfrimponge
- recloser padmountedUploaded bymjbriceno@gmail.com
- Ijareeie RspUploaded byRavishankar Kankale
- 04073335Uploaded byBodhayan Prasad
- Antifog Disc InsulatorUploaded byJayant Kumar Das
- A Review of Polarization IndexUploaded byJack Nimble
- 66b046de-e3a2-4736-a245-031b96768d5c_IJATER_04_09_3Uploaded byamrit403
- ITP-1.pdfUploaded bymurali
- Catalogue SGF eng.pdfUploaded byrimce77
- Modifications to the LF Antenna Feed (W5JGV)Uploaded byTHE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE
- 2015 - Catalog - ABB Cable Accessories 145-170 KV - English - Cable Terminations CD_REV AUploaded byRomany Allam
- 7408Uploaded byAlberto Salas Monges
- Monolithic Insulating JointsUploaded byVijay Gaikwad
- pg_0022_int_ÖLFLEX CLASSIC 100.pdfUploaded byAgung Cahyono
- TF Design ThesisUploaded byHasnain Raza
- 5 Transformer TechnologyUploaded bya_golbabaei
- Resibloc CatalogueUploaded bynedim_3

- Power System Engineering Lecture 20Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 26Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 15Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 14Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 24Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 19Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 13Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 2Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 5Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 4Uploaded bynnvpratap
- Power System Engineering Lecture 1Uploaded bynnvpratap