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FACTOR AFFECTING BIOACCUMULATION OF XENOBIOTICS

BY:ANUPAMA.S 7TH SEM BT SJCE MYSORE.
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Bioaccumulation accumulation of substances pesticides. organic chemicals organism. Xenobiotic chemical organisms produced or expected Free Powerpoint Templates . Page 2 . to be present in it.

 Physical and chemical properties .bioconcentration. pH)  Nature of the organism.water quality (hardness. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 3 . molecular weight ease of metabolism. dissolved & particulate organic carbon content.  Environmental conditions .Factors affecting bioconcentration and bioaccumulation  Bioaccumulation depends . no & proportions of contaminated foods eaten) -absorbs the chemical from food. fat.Solubility in water. -dietary factors (feeding rate.

organism and ecosystem affect the kinetics of bioaccumulation organism contaminated. Factor .concentration of the toxicant  Temperature .  Accumulation of the kinetic depends . and nutrient load of the environment effect on the accumulation of toxicants.toxicant. Example- Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4 .PH .

 Unchanged. Higher temperature levels characteristics & physicochemistry of membrane lipids there by affecting the passive toxicant uptake. lipophilic organic toxicants.  Aquatic conditions increased water temperature facilitates loss of the toxicants from water. environmental factors less effective in regulating uptake and bioaccumulation. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 5 .

 Elimination rate resulting rate of bioaccumulation. Biodegradation enhanced by a biota diverse in species composition.The characteristics of the organism (or biota) that influence bioaccumulation  Density and diversity of the species  Age of the organism. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 6 .  Metabolic state of the organism  Growth conditions.

concentration becomes toxic to the planktonic algae and accumulation of the toxicant per cell becomes very high. Example:culture of high density inoculum accumulation of dimethoate/individual cell of Synechocystis and Anabaena less than that observed with a low initial inoculum density .does not cause discontinuity in the matter (as well as toxicant) and energy transfer. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 7 .due to manifestation of toxic effects of the xenobotic substance . Elimination (one or more) sensitive species from the organisms .  High density of species is less sensitive to bioaccumulation than low species density.  Mohapatra et al. 1990 observed .

Free Powerpoint Templates Page 8 . If initial density of the culture is low (105 cells/ ml) and per cell accumulation is high .due to high level of bioavailability per individual organism. Toxicants that are accumulated through active membrane transport metabolically active individuals accumulate more amount of toxicants comparatively less active ones.  The same level of toxicant become non-toxic and accumulation lies below the threshold level. when the initial inoculum density increased to almost 100 times of the previous one(102 cells/ml).

high body lipid content accumulate more amounts of lipophilic toxicants organisms with low body lipid content  Lipid rich zones of the body are preferred as an accumulation zone by such toxicants. Thus organisms . than in any other parts of the body. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 9 .  The accumulation is high in the liver and brain.

pdf.K.pp 90-92.  http://WWW.International Publishing House Pvt.eurochlor.Ltd.K. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 10 .(2006).”Textbook of Environmental Biotechnology”I.Reference: Mohapatra P.org/upload/documents/docu ment52.

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