You are on page 1of 17

PILOT PROJECT FOR ENERGY AND MINING ECONOMIC BENEFICT FROM ASAL (DJIBOUTI) GEOTHERMAL AND MINERAL RESOURCES

Republic of Djibouti

• Commitment of the Government of Djibouti to promote the economical development of the Asal region • Significant geothermal and mining resources indicators availability support theses objectives • Pilot project proposal for geothermal and mining development for the new Asal development pôle • As a lot of effort and money has been spent on the geothermal exploration work qt Qsql Djibouti is interested to plan and build a pilot complex plant to provide electric power and water to the region.INTRODUCTION • The policy of the Government is to provide assistance to any local and foreigner investors to obtain permits/concessions for geothermal and mining exploration and then to evaluate and to develop the potentiality of the geothermal and mineral resources of the country in general and particularly in Asal. A pilot project could also be used as a tool to train local staff for larger geothermal plants .

8 % Agriculture in GDP: 0.5 % Services in GDP: 80 % Electricity production: 260 GWh INAKIR ALOL ! OBOCK ! TADJOURAH ASAL ! DJIBOUTI ARTA GAGGADE ABHE ! ! DIKHIL ALI SABIEH .Republic of Djibouti GENERAL PRESENTATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI • • • • • • • • • • • • Area: 23 000 km² Coast line: 370 km Annual mean rainfall: 150 mm Population: 600 000 (65 % in Djibouti) Urban population: 82 % Natural growth rate: 3 % Absolute poverty: 20 % GDP: 532.5 million $ Industry in GDP: 3.

2003 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 57 56 55 Peak demand Mw 310 300 290 280 270 260 250 2000 54 53 52 51 50 49 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 48 2006 Forecast of Electricity demand .Energy production and new demands 300000 Energy production MWh 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 1971 320 Electricity demand Gwh Republic of Djibouti Energy production 1971 .

Ali Saibeh Mining project in Gaggadé Estimated total MW > 20 6 > 20 6 5 > 57 .Republic of Djibouti Perspectives of new electricity demands Projects Port and international free zone of Doralé Asal economic zone Sea-water desalination plant for Djibouti city Cement and building material factories.

Horn of Africa Republic of Djibouti .Afar Depression.

GHOUBET ARTA # DJIBOUTI GAGGADE S.GEOTHERMAL AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI INAKIR Republic of Djibouti ALOL TAMATTAKO # OBOCK # ALFITA Nth. GHOUBHET ABHE # # .

However. confirm that the Asal geothermal resources are potential. and testings for the majority in the Asal area. and temperature between 130°C and 180°C. The history of geological. with multiple reservoirs. all these investigations did not allowed yet any exploitation of the geothermal energy.GEOTHERMAL HISTORY OF DJIBOUTI Republic of Djibouti The different geothermal programmes including field studies and exploration by drillings between 1970 and 1990. with less salinity. geophysical. the previous studies and drillings in Asal. Some other places were investigated by geological and geological preliminary studies but no exploration drilling were realized up to now . Also. drillings. have recognized the presence of a shallow potential reservoir at a depth between 400 m and 600 m. revealed the deep Asal geothermal reservoir with high salinity fluid and other potential geothermal areas.

Asal Geothermal area Republic of Djibouti Republic of Djibouti ASAL 5 ASAL 4 ASAL 6 ASAL 1 & 3 ASAL 2 .

Temperature profiles – Asal geothermal area Température °C 0 0 100 200 300 400 Republic of Djibouti 500 Intermediate reservoir Profondeur m 1000 1500 2000 ASAL3 ASAL4 ASAL5 ASAL6 2500 .

40 60 80 100 section 200 Interpretative 120 140 160 180accross the 0 Tem perature °C Asal rift Geothermal area 100 40 0 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Temperature °C 100 ASAL 1. 6 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 ASAL4 Republic of Djibouti 200 300 ASAL 5 Asal series 400 500 600 700 Stratoid series 800 Dalha basalts Depth m 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1316 m Alluviums Clays Hyaloclastites Rhyolites Basalts Trachytes 500 m 2013 m 1600 Depth m 2105 m . 3.

ASAL-GOUBHET DEVELOPMENT PROJECT ! ! ! Republic of Djibouti ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! " ! TADJOURAH S Au Au ! ! ! Geoth Au P ! DJIBOUTI " ! ! Dock " ARTA ! ! ! ! ! .

18 640 2800 T (°C) 210 3.9 58.47 0.5 downstream 206 11.9 8.2 7.66 11.Geothermal well ASAL1 chemical analysis Republic of Djibouti Fluid analysis ppm ppb Cl 78 100 Mg 24 Mn 115 Fe 10 Ni 5 Cu 112 Pb Zn 1 070 34 000 Scree deposits analysis Screen diameter Position on screen Wellhead P (atm) 15 downstream 3" upstream 12.48 2.1 81.3 1.4 0.42 14.5 11.8 25.41 0.0115 6 0.027 1.8 56 0.61 13.27 1.32 9.45 8.0397 1 572 .68 12 0.5 0.4 0.9 4.4 0.56 0.0141 0.74 0.37 10.7 4.3 19.8 4400 188 29.52 8.5 downstream 5" upstream 5.75 104 4" upstream downstream 42.5 0.8 180 27.3 0.045 0.33 0.1 0.12 167 425 SiO2 Pb Zn % Cu Fe Ag S ppm Cd 2" upstream 13.4 6.55 0.19 12.

Preliminary data on gold in Southwestern area of Asal .

Construction plan for the Dock in Goubet .

reservoir engineering and modeling Environmental impact assessment Deep reservoir Review the status of A3 and A6 wells Clean the wells and equipments Do the necessary work in case of obstruction Put into production the productive wells Carry out new testing and analysis of the fluid Perform technology study of recovering mineral resources Seismic risk study EIA Development of 5 – 10 MW Pilot Plant for both reservoirs Feasibility study and design of the power plant Local distribution line study Republic of Djibouti .SCOPE OF WORK Shallow reservoir Review of geophysical and geological data available Drill 5 new wells up to 600 m Testing and analysis of fluid.

The provision of the necessary base infrastructures which facilitate the exploitation of other mineral resource of the region. The production of electricity from existing geothermal sources. By this pilot project. of course. social well-being and development for any country of the world. The recovery of minerals from geothermal fluid.CONCLUSIONS Republic of Djibouti It is clear that energy is considered as the key. . the government policy is to initiate: The development of Assal naturals resources. Lake Asal has a high potential for tourism. the reinforcement of the competitiveness of the country. The demonstration to the international private sector that Assal geothermal and mineral resources are attractive and constitute real. With the creation of an economic pool in Asal. the motor and the base of all economical. profitable business opportunities for investment. there will be growing market demand for power to provide all business services associated with the establishment of different mineral plants and water desalination units as well as tourism activities. the reduction of the poverty. The availability and access to sufficient low cost energy contribute largely to the economic growth. the upgrading of the daily life of the population and.

7084:7.7094 900.3.049072.4342.7084:7.398.9479.9.14794:782 985495740.30.-9.088948:11.104190545:.903078.4397-:90..749 90703147.709 /02.-8203941/11070392307.9434149072307.1:/ %0574.9 904. 57419.9090 0549../34190/.-0-:83088 455479:39081473.90/990 089.9434100.4:397  90:57.4342.90 %0/0.87084:7.3..9.438/070/.0 -03.3/2307.943:398. 84.4.9080.80 .08..3..43899:9070..997.3/.030884190..917420893049072.04520394188.57.08 %0574/:.943949039073...94341./0.073203954.9:708.3/ 41.08.8900 9024947.041907043 %0/0243897. &$ $ #05:-.943.0892039 .4890307.89439.549039.088.4:397419047/ %0.97.0.4:780 9070/:.3/147540794574.907/08...84:7.4342.8. 9070-07432.80317.3//0.9:7. .884.08.9.0452039147.894:782.8041.020394190.1.07412307.-:83088807.41-4:9 98.943.08 %070.81742049072.3/.0..70.079 990..897:.843419030.94341 9054.54438..7-.3/.425099.79.0394.3/90-.908 .70. 0.5.988.