BIOFUEL FROM ALGAE

By Sanket Gawali (TYEPS)

SCOPE OF PAPER
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Need Of alternative Energy sources Classification of energy Disadvantages of diesel & Advantages of biofuel 3 generations of biofuel Introduction to algae fuels Oil yield capacity Cultivation of Microalgae species Harvesting Indian steps towards oilgae Conclusion Why oilgae as future fuel ?

NEED OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES
60% of total energy resources already used by us in last 200yrs.  Remaining 40% will last few decades only.  Formation of fossil fuel takes million yrs  Again the shortage of energy comes in picture.  Thus we are going face energy crisis in the future.  The only way to get out of it , is to introduce alternate methods using renewable sources.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENERGY ENERGY SOURCE Renewable Energy Non Renewable Energy Solar Wind Hydro Ocean Geothermal Biomass Traditional Oil Gas Coal Alternative Nuclear Tar Sands Oil Shale Gas Hydrates .

leads to black smoke Noise More noisy resulting in sound pollution .Disadvantages of diesel Cost Due to limited sources cost is huge Environment Gives out harmful gases when utilized Messiness It is un-hygiene fuel .

ADVANTAGES OF BIOFUEL Clean energy.  Hygiene fuel in terms of cleanliness.  Can be used in diesel cars without any much changes.  Decays naturally in few days.  .  No harmful gases when utilized.  Improves mileage & life of engine of car.

3 GENERATIONS OF BIOFUEL  'First-generation biofuel was made from sugar. vegetable oil.   Second generation  biofuels was made from non food crops  THIRD GENERATION “SOLAR BIOFUEL” is a biofuel from algae  . starch. or animal fats using conventional technology.

FIRST GENERATION  First-generation biofuels were made from sugar. leading to food shortages and price rises. The basic feedstocks for the production of first generation biofuels are wheat. vegetable oil or animal fats using conventional technology. starch.  . or sunflower seeds.  It has been criticized for diverting food away from the human food chain.

wood.  Does not divert food away from the animal or human food chain. corn. but in some cases itself a significant disposal problem. the stalks of wheat.SECOND GENERATION Second-generation biofuel implementation from non-food crops.  These include waste biomass.  This feedstock is abundant.  .

also called oilgae is biofuel from algae. Algae are low-input.THIRD GENERATION OF BIOFUEL  Algae fuel. Relies on the fact that some algae naturally produce oil and this can be collected without killing the algae. high-yield feedstock to produce biofuels.   .

suitable for agriculture enhanced efficiencies or Difficulties reduction in cost  The problem of course is in developing technologies that will enable this kind of biofuel to be more cost effective to make.K. .Third Generation Biofuels Advantages     superior yields not directly affecting the human food chain grown in places that are not Algae pilot plant in U.

BIOFUELS Biodiesel Ethanol • Substitute for petrodiesel • Subsitute for gasoline Less common types: • Biobutanol • Synfuel .

INTRODUCTION TO ALGAE FUELS What are algae? They are basic from plant kingdom. Divided further into : Microalgae • Contains oil • Processed for biodiesel production Macroalgae • Composed of starch and cellulose • Processed for ethanol production .

Algae .

.000 gallons of oil/acre/year. Under optimum growing conditions micro-algae are reported to produce up to 15.WHY ALGAE ENERGY CAN BE A FUTURE FUEL? Grown under conditions which are unsuitable for conventional crop production. Micro-algae are the fastest growing photosynthesizing organisms.

WHY ALGAE ENERGY CAN BE A FUTURE FUEL? Capable of fixing CO2 in the atmosphere. contains no sulfur. which are now considered a global problem.  Algae biofuel is non-toxic. and is highly biodegradable.  .

WHY ALGAE ENERGY CAN BE A FUTURE FUEL? Higher oil yield Lesser land requirement food vs. fuel Algae fuels Adaptability Range of products WWT & CO2 capture .

WHY ALGAE ENERGY CAN BE A FUTURE FUEL? HIGHER OIL YIELD Oil yields (barrels/ha-yr) 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Soybeans Sunflower Canola Jathropha Palm Oil Microalgae .

413 952 779 Palm Soybean Coconut 5.000 .Crop Castor Sunflower Safflower Average oil yield (L/hectare) 1.950 446 2.689 Algae 100.

.  As it is a low cost waste water treatments.WHY ALGAE ENERGY CAN BE A FUTURE FUEL?  Additional features of algae energy Solid waste from algae energy can be severed as feed for cattle.  Extracted proteins can be used in human food chain.

CULTIVATION OF MICROALGAE SPECIES  Cultivation is mainly done in Open systems Closed systems also known as Photo-bioreactor  .

Algae Cultivation – Open pond / Raceway pond .

ADVANTAGES OF OPEN PONDS Less initial cost  Simple construction  Almost no electrical power required  Easy install in remote areas  .

Due to lack of oxygen. Control in aeration Efficient and energy intensive mixing Loss of water due to evaporation Too much sunlight can kill algae. . So it is essential to control the amount of sunlight falling on the algae cultivation area Light penetration and problem of shading Mare likely to get effected by diseases. Open ponds can get contaminated.CHALLENGES IN CULTIVATION OF ALGAE IN OPEN PONDS         Mal-odour in the ponds.

CLOSED SYSTEMS(ALSO REFERRED AS PHOTOBIOREACTORS) Tubular PBR Flat plate PBR .

THE CIRCUIT OF INSTALLATION OF A BIOREACTOR .

Greenhouse CO2 absorber Horizontal mode Vertical mode .

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Economy of space. Reactors represent closed.. automated systems of continuous action that allows to support hygiene of cultures in easier way. . The bioreactor is equipped with convenient system of self-cleaning that reduces its pollution. The reactor considerably reduces expenditures of labor The system can work during long periods of time Light in a reactor is taken as much as it considerably increases its productivity. The size of a reactor is not limited.The Advantages Of A PhotoBioreactor          Provide fast growth of algae with the high contents of oil. Ecological parameters of system also easily give in to management. controlled.

Harvested Algae Biofuel Energy Model (HABEM) 30 .

A Detailed Process of Biodiesel from Algae: .

Indian steps towards oilgae Solar biofuel type .

Indian steps towards use of oilgae • Indian oil is the 18th largest petroleum company in the world. and is currently India’s largest company by sales. • PetroAlgae has signed an agreement to license its technology for producing and harvesting algae for fuel to Indian Oil .

algae  And soon we will have a eco friendly drive  Thus helping us to take one more step towards making human activities more friendly with mother earth  .CONCLUSION So that days are so Snot far when almost all cars in world will run on bio fuel which is obtain from highly efficient source.

Oilgae Digest  .com  www.earth4energy.greekwise.REFERENCE www.com  eBook.com  www.oilgae.

Cleanliness “Eco-friendly”ness is next to godliness………… .

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