You are on page 1of 29

Relation Between the Use of PPE (Personal Protectiv Equipment) with Respiratory System Disorders in Wooden Furniture Workers

By: Herliawati Christine S.

BACKGROUND
The negative impact of industrial development: Diseases caused by work or work-related disease Particles or dust generated from wood airway abnormalities in the form of restriction, obstruction or a combination. Pulmonary function disorder as a result of the frequency, duration of a person working in dusty environments and internal factors such as gender, age, work period, wood dust exposure, nutritional status, smoking habits, personal protective equipment, exercise habits, and long exposure.

continue
ILO (1999) causes of work-related deaths: 34% from cancer, accidents as much as 25%, chronic respiratory disease 21%, 15% cardiovascular disease, and others as much as 5% China (1996) 7 million workers have been exposed to the hazards of dust, was found about 400,000 cases of pneumoconiosis and resulted in approximately 80,000 deaths. Central Java (2004) pulmonary function tests in 80 formal workers and 120 informal workers, at 5 (five) District with a result that is 83.75% of formal workers and 95% of informal workers suffered lung problems.

Wooden furniture workers 7 of 10 workers have respiratory complaints. Furniture workers in Indralaya sub-district and North Indralaya subdistrict neglect their health status and not informed about the effects of the unhealthy work environment.

Indralaya health center has not have occupational health efforts program for furniture workers.

Theological problem
From the above description, the problem can be formulated as follows : Is there any relation between the use of PPE with the Respiratory System Disorder in Wooden Furniture Workers?

Research Objectives
A. B. a. The General objective Known the relation between the use of PPE with respiratory system disorder in wooden furniture workers. The Specific objectives Known the characteristics description of wooden furniture workers (age, and work period) Known the description of the use of PPE in wooden furniture workers Known the description of respiratory disorders that suffered by the wooden furniture workers Known the relation between the use of PPE with respiratory system disorders (cough, dyspnea, sputum, wheezing, chest pain, and rhinitis) in wooden furniture workers.

b.
c. d.

Research Methodology
A. Research Design This research uses analytic survey methods with the with the case-control approach B. Informants Research The number of informants were 33 people.
C. Place of Research Indralaya Sub-district and North Indralaya Sub-district D. Research Time The research process carried out starting from March to July of 2011.

E. Research Ethics: Informed Consent Anonimity Secrecy (confidentiality) Beneficience Nonmaleficience Protection for discomfort

F. Data collector Instrument:


1.primary data: Questionnaire Interview 2. secondary data

G. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


Data collection method used in this study is method of interviews that are equipped with questionnaire.

H. VALIDITY OF DATA
To obtain the validity of the data consists of: the degree of confidence (credibility), transferability, and dependence (dependability)

I. DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES


Data collection procedures are divided into pre-field phases and phases of field work

J. TECHNIQUES OF DATA ANALYSIS


1. Data processing a. Editing b. Coding c. data entry d. Cleaning 2. Analysis of data a. univariate analysis b. bivariate analysis

RESEARCH RESULTS
Description of the age characteristics of wooden furniture workers
Category <21 years old 21 years old Total Frequency 6 27 33 Percentage (%) 18,2 81,8 100

Description of the work period characteristics of the wooden furniture workers


Category 5 years 14 Frequency Percentage (%) 42,4

<5 years
Total

19
33

57,6
100

Distribution frequency of respiratory disorders in wooden furniture workers

Category

Frequency 16 17 33

Percentage (%) 48,5 51,5 100

There is disorder
There is no disorder Total

Distribution frequency of the use of PPE in wooden furniture workers


Kategori Tidak memakai APD Memakai APD Total 19 14 33 Frekuensi 57,6 42,4 100 Persentasi (%)

Relation between the use of PPE with respiratory disorder in wooden furniture workers
Respiratory disorder p The use of PPE There is respiratory There is no respiratory Total valu e

disorder
N % N

disorder
% N %

Not using
15 PPE Using PPE Total 1 16 7,1 48,5 13 17 92,9 51,5 14 33 100 100 78,9 4 21,1 19 100 0,00 0

Relation between the use of PPE with cough in wooden furniture workers
Cough Total The use of PPE Cough N % N Not cough % N % 10 Not using PPE 11 57,9 8 42,1 19 0 10 Using PPE 3 21,4 11 78,5 14 0 10 Total 14 42,4 19 57,6 33 0 0,082 value p

Relation between the use of PPE with dyspnea in wooden furniture workers
Dispnea The use of PPE N Not using PPE Using PPE Total 13 3 21, 4 39, 4 20 60,5 33 100 11 78,5 14 100 10 Dyspnea % 52, 5 0,14 6 N 9 % 47,4 N 19 % 100 Not dyspnea Total

p
valu e

Relation between the use of PPE with the establishment of sputum in wooden furniture workers
Sputum The use of PPE N Not using 13 PPE 68,4 6 31,6 19 100 0,00 2 PPE Total 15 45,5 18 54,5 33 100 14,3 12 83,7 14 100 6 There is sputum % N There is not sputum % N % Total p valu e

Using

Relation between the use of PPE with wheezing in wooden furniture workers
Wheezing The use of PPE Wheezing wheezing N Not 47, using PPE Using 0 PPE 0 14 100 14 100 9 4 10 52,5 19 100 0,00 2 % N % N % Not Total p valu e

Relation between the use of PPE with chest pain in wooden furniture workers
Chest pain The use of PPE Chest pain N Not using % Not chest pain N % N % p

Total
value

9
PPE

47,4

10

52,5

19

100
0,002

Using
0 PPE Total 9 27,3 24 72,7 33 100 0 14 100 14 100

Relation between the use of PPE with rhinitis in wooden furniture workers
Rhinitis The use of PPE N Not using 17 PPE Using PPE Total 7 9 50,0 72,7 7 24 50,0 27,3 14 33 100 100 89,5 2 10,5 19 100 0,01 Rhinitis % N Not rhinitis % N % Total p valu e

D. Research Limitation Understanding of the language Lacks a clear time limit, some respondents are not permanent worker, must visited the workplace in many times.

NURSING IMPLICATION
The role as a nurse, as a care giver and educator, with giving the occupational nursing care, in the form of work counseling for the wooden furniture workers, with regard to the basic human needs from the simple to the complex, as well as providing counseling and health education on occupational health, especially regarding the good work environment and ways of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases, especially regarding the importance of wearing PPE in the workplace.

Conclusion
Number of wooden furniture workers wearing PPE are 14 people (42.4%), and who suffered respiratory problems are 16 people (48.5%). There was a relation between the use of PPE with respiratory disorder (p-value = 0.000). There was no relation between the use of PPE with the cough (p value = 0.082) There was no relation between the use of PPE with the dyspnea (p value = 0.146) There was a relation between the use of PPE with the establishment of sputum (p value = 0.006. There was a relation between the use of PPE with the wheezing (p value = 0.002). There was a relation between the use of PPE with chest pain (p value = 0.002). There was a relation between the use of PPE with the rhinitis (p value = 0.017).

Recommendation
This recommended recommend wooden furniture workers to understand more about the dangers and negative effects of wood dust for health, so it can change attitudes and behaviors in work by using the maximum and standards appropriate PPE, as well as in creating a healthy work environment. Also recommended for further researches in qualitatif design, depth interview, observation and focus group discussion.