. Triple redundancy I.SPEEDTRONIC MARK . This system can be used for both single shaft & double shaft machines.3 redundant computers (<R>. The Speedtronic Mark-IV control & protection system is based on microcomputers.<S> &<T> ) is applied for the essential control & protections. A fourth non-redundant computer <C>.e.V It is an advanced version of Mark-IV. introduced by general Electric in 1991.is used for the communication with the operator interface <I>.

(communication via backup net) Data exchange between <R> .MARK V . <S> & <T> denoted by <Q>. <P> for protection. <T> & <C> is done by DE net. <C> for communication. Digital inputs &outputs are transferred to the respective locations via IO net. . <S> .AN OVERVIEW 3 Redundant computers <R> . Only one computer votes and if it fails another computer takes over immediately. <BOI> for backup operation. <I> for operator interface.

The memory also contains the program for Gas turbine control & instructions of the system software.Functional description of Mark-V Arithmetic unit From field Control unit Memory To field A/D D/A All the field signals are converted into digital form and then stored in the memory. The control unit executes all the programs with the help of Arithmetic unit. The result of this digital operation is stored in the memory and then converted into analog signals. .

Only for the master protection system a hardware 2 out of 3 voting with relays is executed in the protection module <P>. Analog values Analog inputs are converted into digital form . processed by the processor and then converted back into analog form to actuate servos. Logic output Logic output value is software voted by one redundant computer (the voter).Principle of Mark-V system Logic inputs Mark-V system uses Software Implemented Fault Tolerance (SIFT) technique. This means all the 3 computers individually vote all 3 corresponding logic inputs. The voted master protection signal (= trip signal) controls the power of trip relays and solenoids. .

2/3 A/D 1/1 <T> <S> <R> 2/3 D/A 2/3 D/A 2/3 D/A 1/1 .. D/A Analog O/P Digital O/P ..Principle of Mark-V Analog I/P Digital I/P . A/D 2/3 A/D 2/3 A/D . DE net .. .... <C> .

The malfunctioning of <C> or a unpowered <C> does not affect this communication. <I> Computer It is the operator interface. <RST> computers These are 3 identical redundant computers.Though if <C> fails the turbine can still be operated from the <BOI>and is controlled by <RST> computers.just like personal computer (PC) with color screen. .Mainly dedicated for communication with <I> computer.Mark-V system configuration The major component of mark-V are. <BOI> Module The backup operator interface communicates via a backup net with the redundant computers <RST>. <C> Communicator It is a common non-redundant computer.

This module provides 96 contact inputs and 60 contact outputs. <CD> module It is a digital I/O module of which digital input & output signals are routed to/from <C> communicator. Analog inputs & outputs for <RST> are connected to terminal boards of <RST>computers . Then it issues trip command to field solenoids. This module provides 96 contact inputs & 60 contact outputs .<P>Module This module is called protective module which acts as interface between <RST> computers and field solenoids. <QD1> Module The digital I/O module of which the digital inputs & output signals are routed to / from <RST> computers. This module receives trip command from <RST> computers and performs 2 out of 3 voting .

Then it issues trip command to field solenoids. Analog inputs & outputs for <RST> are connected to terminal boards of <RST>computers . This module provides 96 contact inputs and 60 contact outputs. This module receives trip command from <RST> computers and performs 2 out of 3 voting . This module provides 96 contact inputs & 60 contact outputs . <QD1> Module The digital I/O module of which the digital inputs & output signals are routed to / from <RST> computers.<P>Module This module is called protective module which acts as interface between <RST> computers and field solenoids. <CD> module It is a digital I/O module of which digital input & output signals are routed to/from <C> communicator.

MARK-V System configuration <I> <CD> Analog I/O <C> Logic Input/ output Analog I/O <R> <QD> <P> Analog I/O Analog I/O <S> <T> DE net .

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IV <R> MARK .V <R> <S> <S> <C> <C> <T> <T> .MARK .

& <T> inter communication Protection functions done by <RST> computers.V <R> .IV There is no direct <R>. Instead an additional electronic trip has been provided . <S> <T> talk to each other There is a special <P> computer for protection functions. There is a mechanical over speed bolt trip in addition to electrical over speed trip MARK .Difference between Mark-IV & Mark-V MARK . <S>. No mechanical over speed trip .

<S> < T> & <C> can talk via DE net Mother board concept is not there. All cards are interconnected via ribbon cables. (The auxiliary display cannot be used for startup. Hence even if <C> fails the GT can be started using <BOI>. however failure of <C> does not affect the GT operation. <R.IV Startup of GT cannot be performed if <C> has failed.V All control operations of the GT can be performed through the <BOI>. <S> & <T> can talk to <C> independently All cards are plugged into their respective mother boards. MARK .MARK .During normal operation. <R>. .

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Trip / control oil low pressure trip Master protection circuit •Normal condition •Trip condition SRV Pressure switches A B C Fuel trip Solenoid valve Trip Fuel in To GCV From <RST> High pressure hydraulic oil Drain .

Switch configuration Switch A <CIM-1> Optical isolator HAIC <R> HAIC <S> To <S> <R> Software 2/3 logic Trip HAIC <T> To <T> Switch B Switch C .

From switch B Switch B <CIM-1> Optical isolator HAIC <R> HAIC <S> HAIC <T> From switch C Switch C <CIM-3> Optical isolator HIOD <C> HIOD <C> HIOD <C> To <S> To <T> <R> Software 2/3 logic Trip To <S> To <T> <R> Software 2/3 logic Trip .

<RST> Controller logic + Ve A B A A B COMMUNICATION FAILURE C COMMUNICATION FAILURE Relay . The logic ‘1’ output will be converted to logic ‘0’ to give trip command. B. . C are set at 1.4 Ksc.ve ‘1’ to trip ‘0’ to trip Note: Pressure switches A. 2 out of 3 logic between A. B & C satisfies provided <C> communication link is healthy turbine will be tripped. If <C> communication link fails and only A switch fails also turbine will be tripped.

‘20FG’.This intern de-engrosses fuel trip solenoid valve. .Master protection circuit Relay driver module Relay module .1 Start permissive Fire protection No fire +125 V dc P28VR 4X-1 4X-2 4X-3 4X-4 <R> <S> <T> RD RD RD 4R 4S 4T 4R 4T 4R 4S 4X-1 4X-2 P28VR*4 4X-5 4T 4X-3 4X-4 The power supply P28VR*4 directly drives fuel trip solenoid valve ‘20FG’ If hardware 2 / 3 logic is true P28VR*4 will get de-energize. Which will cause final trip.

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