Properties of Dental Material

Part 2

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Adhesion

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Mechanisms of Adhesion
Micromechanical s Physical s Chemical s Molecular entanglement
s

Combinations as in acid etching then bond application

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Wetting
Adhesion depends on Wetting e.g mercury vs fissure sealants.

nonwetting

partial wetting

complete wetting

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Marginal Seal

5

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Microleakage

Prevention of microleakage or percolation

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Esthetic properties

Colour
    

Vision Light source Object surface and body Background Adjacent Scene

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an object
The physical properties of the object  The nature of the incident light in which the object is viewed  The relationship or close association to other colored objects  The color background of the viewer
 
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Light Source

Colour

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Fluorescence

Natural teeth do under UV

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Light in the Dental Office

Most common lighting is either: Incandescent: Incandescent is higher in yellow than blue, and reflected off a light yellow to blue background

Fluorescent: Fluorescent is higher in blue waves

Neither is pure white light

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Object

Colour Object

Refraction

Absorption

Scattering
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Glossiness

Glossiness or Brightness - shining or matt (light reflection)

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Translucency
transparent vs. Opaque (light penetration vs scattered)

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Observer
Eye of the observer

Color fatigue (persistence of a complementary color) Color difference rather than colour description Color blindness

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Colour
1 Hue (colour type) 2 Chroma (colour intensity) 3 Value (darkness or whiteness)

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Color Vitality
Vitality (looks natural) Staining and water sorption

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Metamerism

change of color matching under different light sources

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Measuring color

Shade guide

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Measuring color

Spectrophotometr y

Measures reflectance at different wave lengths against a standard Measures reflectance at specific colours

Colorimeters

Photocolorimetry
20

Other Properties

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Syneresis

Imbibition

e.g. contract or expand by water loss or gain

H2O H2O

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Radiopacity

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Erosion and Solubility

Erosion

Solubility

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Diffusion

leaching of constituents e.g. Plasticizers in denture lining material

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Corrosion

Relation to stress and surface roughness

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Chemical properties

Tarnish e.g silver

Deposits: calculus, stains, bacteria, plaque, iron, mercury, Surface films: oxides, sulfides, chlorides

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Galvanism

e.g. amalgam and gold Gives the metallic taste or electric shock

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Biological properties:

the ability of a material to elicit an appropriate biological response in a specific application
Patient Material

Material Function

BIOCOMPATIBILITY
Wataha JC 2001 J Prosth Dent;86:203-9 30

6

Biocompatible

Non toxic Non irritant Non carcinogenic Non allergic
Contact dermatitis
31

Local

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Nickel sensitivity

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Biocompatibility & Dentists

Patient Safety  Dental staff safety  Regulatory compliance  Legal issues

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Assessing Biocompatibility
In vitro tests  In vivo/Usage tests  Clinical Trials

Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences 34

Thank you

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References
NAME Clinical experience, Assistant professor, Prosthodontics Philips Science of Dental Materials Dental Materials and Their Selection Applied Dental Materials Dental Materials. Clinical Applications for Dental Assistants and Dental Hygienists Tooth-Colored Restoratives, Principles and Techniques Principles of Biocompatibility for Dental Practitioners Esthetic Colour Training in Dentistry   AUTHORS Dr Layla AbuNaba'a BDS, PhD, MFDRCS

PUBLICATION COMPANY
Jordan university of Science and Technology

ED

YEAR

C ODE

2006 11 3 8 1 9 2003 2002   2003 2002          

Kenneth J.Anusavice  William J. Obrien  J.F. McCabe   CD. Hatrick et al HF. Albers Dr. Vehid Salih

Saunders Publications  Quintessense Books  Blackwell Scientific Saunders Publications  Bc Decker Inc 
Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences

2005 1 2004 

RD Paravina et al

Mosby

36

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