GIS Applications for

Transportation Planning
Presented to

GIS Jam Session
ASMC 2004: Pioneering Our Alaska
Future
02/11/2004

Presentation Themes
• Technical applications supporting
long-range planning (Anchorage
LRTP)
• Intelligent Map Books
• Interactive (map-centric) Reports

20-Year Blueprint for Transportation

Analysis Supported By Travel
Demand Model
• Trip Generation
• Trip Distribution
• Mode Choice
• Route Choice

Relations Based on Household
Travel Survey (Who We Are)

Variable
Total
Households
Total Persons
Persons per
HH
Total Workers
Workers per
HH
Total Vehicles
Vehicles per
HH

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Mountain View

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North Midtown

Military

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South Midtown

Abbott Loop

Hillside

South Anchorage

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Chugiak-Eagle River
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Northwest

Sand Lake

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Airport

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Downtown

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Muldoon
University

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Total Person
Trips
Mean Trips
per HH
Mean Trips
per Person
Mean Trip
Duration
(minutes)
Total Vehicle
Trips
Total Transit
Trips
Total Nonmotorized
Trips

Expanded
Data
980,165
10.3
4.1
16.3

868,157
40,233
71,775

Expanded
Data
94,822
250,522
2.64
141,109
1.48
191,421
2.02

Relations Based on Household
Travel Survey (What We Do)

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%

To/ From
Work

To/ From
School

Personal
Bus

Shopping

Recreation

Eat Out

Serve
Passenger

Other

<15 min

41.9%

47.8%

56.2%

65.5%

49.1%

56.5%

62.1%

49.0%

15-30 min

49.4%

47.8%

37.4%

29.1%

39.6%

38.3%

34.2%

42.7%

31-60 min

7.6%

3.6%

4.9%

3.8%

6.2%

2.8%

3.4%

6.0%

60+ min

1.1%

0.7%

1.5%

1.6%

5.0%

2.4%

0.3%

2.3%

What Do We Need To Know?
•How People Make Decisions
•What Location Factors Influence
Decision Making

Develop Descriptive Variables
Employment (SIC Classifications) – Address Based
Retail
Service
Agriculture, forestry, fish & mine
Construction
Manufacturing
Transportation
Wholesale
Financial
Government
Other
Accessibility (Employment, Households & Mixed Use,
Local Intersections)
¼ Mile
½ Mile
1 Mile
Level of Service
Walk to bus time/distance

Land Use & Other Location Attributes
Local Intersections
Hourly Parking Cost
Daily Parking Cost
Monthly Parking Cost
Parcel Based (Number, Total Area & Average
Size)
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Vacant
Other
Total recreational acres
Households

Employment


7,000 Locations
155,000 Employees

Households

Urban Forum - Sidewalks & Paths

Parking Costs

Not your typical spatial analysis?
What is the relationship between
observed survey and derived GIS
environment data

Proximity Analysis

Proximity Analysis

Accessibility

Build Statistical Behavior Models
•Quantitative verses Qualitative
•Objective measures applied
•Geocode, Geocode, Geocode
•Location Matters!

Sample Model (Mode Choice)
Conditional (fixed-effects) logistic regression
Log likelihood = -1331.4578

Number of obs
LR chi2(13)
Prob > chi2
Pseudo R2

=
=
=
=

9464
3160.45
0.0000
0.5427

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------choice
|
Coef.
Std. Err.
z
P>|z|
[95% Conf. Interval]
-------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------in_veh_time (m_time) | -.0751425
.0093433
-8.04
0.000
-.0934551
-.0568299
out_veh_time(ovtim4) | -.5719232
.1218245
-4.69
0.000
-.8106948
-.3331517
o_pef_ext/int_walk |
.0005306
.0001802
2.94
0.003
.0001774
.0008837
od_retail_ratio |
1.762788
.6342401
2.78
0.005
.5197002
3.005876
income-transit only | -.0237387
.0057404
-4.14
0.000
-.0349895
-.0124878
log-totalemp-1m |
.0864845
.0404308
2.14
0.032
.0072417
.1657274
parking cost | -.0084478
.0036181
-2.33
0.020
-.0155392
-.0013565
no-car |
2.42729
.2257827
10.75
0.000
1.984764
2.869816
drive-w-pass constant| -2.260445
.0925487
-24.42
0.000
-2.441837
-2.079053
passenger constant | -2.299982
.0942224
-24.41
0.000
-2.484655
-2.11531
transit constant | -5.259264
.5564069
-9.45
0.000
-6.349802
-4.168727
walk constant | -4.406498
.470499
-9.37
0.000
-5.328659
-3.484337
bike constant | -7.229919
.5408055
-13.37
0.000
-8.289878
-6.169959
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sample Model Structure

Measuring against observed

Measuring against observed

Theme 1 Questions?

ArcGIS Map Book Demo

Fire Map Book Toolbar

New Content View’s
added to the Table of
Contents

Electronic Conditions Reports

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