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The American Revolution

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Chapter 7
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7.2 What Were the American Weaknesses?


Short on men Not very many were well trained Army was short on everything (guns, powder, of the things they dont uniforms). All food, shoes, have

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What were the American Strengths?


Patriotism How is that a strength? Colonists were defending their liberty and their homes. They were willing to die for both of these things. Help from overseas: mainly France. Leadership: GEORGE WASHINGTON 4/30/12

7.3 What Were the British Strengths?

Outnumbered colonists: 50,000 British troops and 30,000 Hessian mercenaries. Well trained: much artillery experience. Well supplied: never lacked food, ammunition, weapons, or uniforms.

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Hessian

What Were the British Weaknesses?


Distance b/t Britain and America. How is that a weakness? King could never convince people in England of the importance of the war. How is that a weakness? Leadership was very poor.
Lord George Germain 4/30/12

7.4 How Did Britain Almost Win the War?

Britains plan was to capture New York and move north to Boston.

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How Did African Americans Factor Into the War?

Hoping for freedom, blacks fought at Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill before they were banned from the army. What could Britain promise slaves? Freedom if they fought for the King. Why would Washington change his mind about banning blacks from the army?

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What Was the Defeat in New York?

The British and the Americans met in Brooklyn for a major battle. Who do you think won? The British dominated the battle. Washington had to retreat.

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Battle of Brooklyn (Long Island)

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Why Were Hopes Fading?

The British chased Washington into Penn. Weather was freezing, troops had no food, and many soldiers were going home. Washington was left with only a few thousand men.

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7.5 What Was the Pep Talk?


What Was The Crisis?

It was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine This pamphlet revived the troops spirit and they were ready to attack Hessians at Trenton, NJ.
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What Was the Victory In Trenton?

Christmas night, 1776, Washingtons men crossed the Delaware River and surprise attacked the Hessians in Trenton, NJ. They captured 868 Hessians w/o losing one man. A week later they captured 300 British troops at Princeton, NJ.
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What does all of this show?

Battles of Trenton and Princeton

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Victory at Trenton

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Hessians Handing Over Saber at Battle of Trenton

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Washington Crossing the Delaware

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7.6 How Does the Tide Begin to Turn?

Washington had revised his strategy to fight a defensive war. Why is this a good strategy? What Was the New British Strategy? Germains new strategy was to control the Hudson River Valley and cut off New England from the rest of the states.
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How is this effective?

What Were the Problems With Burgoynes Plan?

1. The route to Albany was very difficult and it took much longer than expected. 2. General Howe marched to Philadelphia instead of meeting Burgoyne in Albany, NY . Why is that Gentleman Johnny a problem?
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Burgoynes Plan Gone Wrong

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What Was the Turning Point?

The American Army defeated Burgoynes army at Saratoga. Showed that the Americans could stand up to the British army and win. Who decides to help the Americans? The battle was significant b/c France became an ally of the U.S.
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Burgoynes Surrender at Saratoga

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Here he is again

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And again.

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One more time

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What Was the Battle of Monmouth?

During the spring of 1777 the British abandoned Philadelphia. As the British retreated to NY, Washington caught them on the way in Monmouth, NJ., and defeated them.

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Washington rallying retreating troops

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Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth

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7.7 How Did the War Go South?

The British change strategy and decide to move south where they think loyalists will join their cause. Cornwallis is now in charge of the British army in the South.

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Cornwallis

How Was the South Saved?

American Guerrillas in the Carolinas kept the American cause alive. American Gen. N. Greene led the British army on an exhausting chase all over the south. Why is this a good strategy? Cornwallis goes to Yorktown, VA. to rest.
Nathanial Greene

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What Was the Trap at Yorktown?

France sent 5,000 troops to NY to join Washingtons army, who then secretly moved them and his own army to VA. French and American forces surrounded Yorktown w/ 16,000 men, and the French navy sealed off the bay. What do you think Cornwallis will do?
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Battle of Yorktown

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Battle of Yorktown

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Storming a British redoubt

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Why Did Cornwallis Surrender?

The British were unable to rescue him. 8,000 British troops surrendered. Why didnt Cornwallis attend the surrender ceremony? He was too proud

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Whats wrong with this picture?

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Yorktown

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7.8 How Did the War End?

What affect did the defeat of Yorktown have on the British? It took the heart out of whatever support for the war was still left. A few months later King George accepted defeat. 6,200 Americans killed in combat, 10,000 died of disease.
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What Was the Treaty of Paris?


1783 treaty that ends the war. 1. Britain to recognize U.S. as independent nation. 2. Britain gives up land from coast to Mississippi River, Canada to Florida. U.S. to return property to Loyalists.

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What Was the Influence of the Revolution?

Influenced France to have its own revolution 6 years later (the French Revolution).

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