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Understanding the Philippine Local Government Report by DEANNA RACQUEL V.

DE JESUS

EVOLUTION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT Spanish Era Philippine Independence American Occupation Commonwealth Period Martial Law Years People Power Revolution .

allocate among the different local government units their powers. powers. removal. terms.” . responsibilities and resources and provide for the classifications. appointment. salaries. election. functions and duties of local officials and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of the local unit.The Philippine Constitution of 1987 “Congress shall enact a local government code which shall provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall. initiative and referendum.

CONCEPT OF DECENTRALIZATION Deconcentration Devolution & Autonomy Debureaucratization .

PHILIPPINE LOCAL GOVERNMENT Autonomous Region Provinces Cities & Municipalities Barangays .

SALIENT FEATURES LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991 (R. 7160) .A.

TRANSFER OF PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR DELIVERING BASIC SERVICES AND FACILITIES Health and Social Services (Health Centers/ DSWD) Environmental Management (Solid Waste Disposal) Agricultural Services (Irrigation System) Infrastructure (unless funded by the National Government under the General Appropriations Act) Tourism Facilities TRANSFER OF REGULATORY POWERS OVER CERTAIN ACTIVITIES IN THE LOCALITY Reclassification of Agricultural Lands Enforcement of Environmental Laws Inspection of Food Products Quarantine Regulations and enforcement of the Sanitation Code Enforcement of the National Building Code Regulation of Tricycle Operations Regulation of the real estate trade Licensing of Cockpits Establishment and operation of tourism facilities .

merge barangays/ Power to re-classify agricultural lands . Grants and Subsidies Exemption from payment of Custom Duties Develop organizational structure. divide.ENHANCED GOVERNMENTAL AND CORPORATE POWERS Full autonomy in exercising Proprietary Rights (Power of Eminent Domain/ Power to create. secure and accept Foreign Grants and Donations Mechanisms for LGU Cooperative Undertakings Better arrangements for Inter-LGU Loans.Zoning) Authority to negotiate. staffing pattern and appoint officials Create own sources of revenues and wealth (IRA Allotment/ Real Property and Business Taxes/ Regulatory Fees/ Local Economic Enterprises/ Toll and Users Charges/ Sales or Lease of Assets/ Credit Financing/Loans) .

IMPROVING NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LGU RELATIONS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF A DECENTRALIZED SETUP (DOH/DPWH/DENR/TESDA projects) INSTITUTIONALIZING LGU/NGO/PRIVATE SECTOR RELATIONS TO BROADEN SUPPORT FOR LOCAL AUTONOMY (Local Special Bodies – School Board. BAC. POC. LDC. PLEB. Rotary) DECONCENTRATING CENTRAL AUTHORITY TO REGIONAL OR FIELD OFFICES (local based NGAs) .

000 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE: Elective and Appointive Local Officials/ Duties and responsibilities/ Term of Office/ Mandatory Requirements RESOURCE GENERATION AND MOBILIZATION: Taxation Principles/ Land Assessment index levels RESOURCE UTILIZATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY: Principles and Process of Local budgeting .000 250.Other Major Provisions: CRITERIA FOR CREATION Bgy Income Population 2.000 200.000 5.000 (for MM and other metropolitan political subdivision) Land Area - Mun 2.000 50 sq km 100 sq km 2.000 sg km City HUC Prov 20M 50M 20m 150.5M 25.

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