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HUAWEI Confidential
Internal
HSUPA Principles
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Page 2
Contents
Chapter-1 Introduction
Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer
Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles
Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility
Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer
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Page 3
HSUPA vs. GPRS/EGPRS
Multiple access
technology:
TDMA+CDMA
Multiple access
technology:
FDMA+TDMA
Single modulated
MCS1 to MCS9,
CS1 to CS4
Modulation mode:
BPSK
Modulation mode:
GMSK, 8PSK
Physical channel:
E-DCH
Physical channel:
PDTCH
Scheduling: channel
circumstance, data volume
to be transmitted in the
buffer of the UE, and
available power
Scheduling:
user priority
HSUPA GPRS/EGPRS
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Page 4
Features of
HSUPA
uplink
Limitations of R99 Uplink and Features of HSUPA
 Long delay
 Low uplink data rate
 Small uplink capacity
 Peak rate: 5.76 Mbit/s (RAN 10)
 Improvement on uplink coverage at high date
rate: 20 % to 50 %
 Improvement on uplink capacity: 30 % to 100%
 Reduced delay
 Fast resource scheduling and control
 Improved QoS
Features
of R99
uplink
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Page 5
Comparison Between R99 and HSUPA
Min.10 ms TTI
Min. 2 ms (initial
10 ms) TTI
Slow resource
request and
allocation
mechanism (at RNC)
Fast resource request
and allocation
mechanism (at NodeB)
Dedicated resources
allocation of low
efficiency
Dedicated resources
allocation for delay-
sensitive services
Traditional ARQ to
perform high-layer
retransmission
HARQ to perform
fast retransmission
at the physical layer
Multiplexing of
transport channels to
physical channels
Multiplexing of
logical channels to
MAC layer
Release 99 HSUPA
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Page 6
Comparison Between HSUPA and HSDPA
New high-speed
downlink shared
channels
Dedicated uplink
channels with
enhanced capability
Single serving cell
(the traffic channel
does not support soft
handover)
Soft handover is
supported
Adaptive
modulation/coding
Fast power control
Multiple users share
the power and code
resources of the
NodeB.
Multiple users cause the RoT
to rise, and the NodeB
allocates resources among
different users.
HSDPA
HSUPA
HARQ with fast retransmission at the physical layer
Min.10 ms TTI
Slow resource
request and
allocation
mechanism (at RNC)
Dedicated resources
allocation of low
efficiency
Traditional ARQ to
perform high-layer
retransmission
Multiplexing of
transport channels to
physical channels
Release 99
Multiple access
technology:
FDMA+TDMA
MCS1 to MCS9,
CS1 to CS4
Modulation mode:
GMSK, 8PSK
Physical channel:
PDTCH
Scheduling:
user priority
GPRS/EGPRS
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Page 7
Features of HSUPA
Important features of Release 6
 The NodeB receives multiple high-speed channels.
 The signals may come from different UEs or the same UE.
 Multiple users share the interference.
 Multiple users transmit signals at the specified rate and power based on quick
scheduling.
E-DPDCH
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Page 8
HUSPA UE Capabilities
* Maximum Peak data rate for 10 ms E-DCH TTI operation is 2 Mbps in all configurations
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Page 9
Contents
Chapter-1 Introduction
Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer
Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles
Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility
Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer
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Page 10
Channel Mapping
In RAN 10, the mapping from DCCH to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is implemented.
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Page 11
New Channels in HSUPA
 Uplink transport channel
E-DCH: Bears high-speed uplink data.
 Uplink physical channel
E-DPDCH: carries E-DCH PDUs.
E-DPCCH: carries the control information of the E-DPDCH.
 Downlink physical channel
E-HICH: carries the HARQ ACK/NACK indication message of the E-DCH.
E-AGCH: carries the absolute grant (AG) information determined by the scheduler.
E-RGCH: carries the relative grant (RG) information determined by the scheduler.
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Page 12
Physical Layer Information Exchange Process of HSUPA

① The UE sends an SI request carrying buffer state,
UPH, and other relevant information through the
E-DPDCH.
② The NodeB allocates resources through the E-
AGCH to the UE (AG procedure) or indicates
power adjustment through the E-RGCH (RG
procedure).
③ The UE sends MAC-e PDU (service or signaling
data) through the E-DPDCH, and sends the
control information (required for demodulating the
PDU) and happy bit (indicating whether the UE is
happy with the current scheduled rate) through
the E-DPCCH.
④ The NodeB tells the UE whether the PDU has
been successfully demodulated through the E-
HICH.
E-DPDCH E-DPCCH E-AGCH/RGCH E-HICH

② ④ ③ ③
Node B
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Page 13
Structure of the E-DPDCH/E-DPCCH
Header MAC-e PDU (payload) SI
E-DPDCH sub-frame structure
RSN E-TFCI
Happy bit
E-DPCCH sub-frame structure
2bit 7bit 1bit
Happy bit:
Indicates whether
the UE is happy
with the current
scheduled rate.
TTI
SF=256
Retransmission
Sequence
Number
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Page 14
E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Frame Format
The E-DPDCH and the E-DPCCH both keep frame alignment with the uplink
DPCCH.
Modulation: BPSK with I/Q branch
When the TTI of E-DCH is 10 ms, the contents of the E-DPCCH subframe is
repeatedly sent for five times.
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Page 15
E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Slot Format
c
Channel Bit Rate
(kbit/s)
SF
Bits/
Frame
Bits/
Subframe
Bits/Slot
N
data
0 15 256 150 30 10
1 30 128 300 60 20
2 60 64 600 120 40
3 120 32 1200 240 80
4 240 16 2400 480 160
5 480 8 4800 960 320
6 960 4 9600 1920 640
7 1920 2 19200 3840 1280
Slot Format #i Channel Bit Rate
(kbit/s)
SF Bits/
Frame
Bits/
Subframe
Bits/Slot
N
data
0 15 256 150 30 10
E-DPDCH slot format
E-DPCCH slot format
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Page 16
E-DPDCH I/Q Channel Mapping
 Ced,k : Channelization code
 βed,k : Gain factor for E-DPDCH
 Iqed,k : Determines the I/Q branch mapping
 Iqed,k = 1, maps to I branch
 Iqed,k = j, maps to Q branch
Nmax-dpdch
HS-DSCH
configured
E-DPDCHk iqed,k
0 No/Yes
E-DPDCH1 1
E-DPDCH2 j
E-DPDCH3 1
E-DPDCH4 j
1 No
E-DPDCH1 j
E-DPDCH2 1
1 Yes
E-DPDCH1 1
E-DPDCH2 j
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Page 17
Code Resource Allocation
 E-DPCCH uses the channel code: Cec = Cch,256,1
 E-DPDCHk uses the channel code: Ced,k, which is determined by Nmax-dpdch
and the spreading factor. For the specific rules, see the following table.
Nmax-dpdch E-DPDCHk Channelization code Ced,k
0
E-DPDCH1
Cch,SF,SF/4 if SF  4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2
E-DPDCH2
Cch,4,1 if SF = 4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2
E-DPDCH3
E-DPDCH4
Cch,4,1
1
E-DPDCH1 Cch,SF,SF/2
E-DPDCH2
Cch,4,2 if SF = 4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2
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Page 18
Downlink Physical Channels
E-AGCH
Bears the maximum E-DPDCH/DPCCH
ratio.
Bears the HARQ control information.
E-RGCH
Bears a simple command to instruct the
UE to increase, decrease, or keep its
transmit power currently granted.
E-HICH
Informs the UE whether the
transmission of the previous data is
successful (Ack) or not (Nack).
Up / Hold / Down
T/P Grant HARQ Control
E-AGCH (sub) frame structure
E-HICH (sub) frame structure
TTI
Ack / Nack
E-RGCH (sub) frame structure
SF=256
SF=128
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Page 19
Grant Mechanism
 Absolute Grant (AG)
 Carried by the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell.
 Grant mode: An index (totally 31 index values) is used to indicate the Traffic-to-
Pilot ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH).
 Significance of the Grant value: Maximum power ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH)
available for the UE.

 Relative Grant (RG)
 RG carries a command instructing the UE to increase, keep, or decrease its
current transmit power.
 The Serving RG is sent by all the cells in the E-DCH serving RLs.
 The Non-serving RG is sent by the E-RGCH in the E-DCH non-serving RLs.
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Page 20
E-AGCH Frame Format
 The E-AGCH is a downlink common channel.
 Fixed rate: 30 kbit/s
 Modulation: QPSK
 SF=256
 The E-AGCH carries the E-DCH absolute Grant information of all the UEs in the cell.
 The TTI may be 2 ms or 10 ms depending on the E-DCH. If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, then the E-
AGCH either sends the same content in five subframes, or sends the content in one of the five
subframes.
 The UE only monitors the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell.

Slot #1 Slot #14 Slot #2 Slot #i Slot #0
T
slot
= 2560 chips
1 subframe = 2 ms
1 radio frame, T
f
= 10 ms
E-AGCH 20 bits
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Page 21
Mapping of Absolute Grant (AG) Values
 For the actual grant values (T/P), see the following table.
Absolute Grant
Value
Index Absolute Grant
Value
Index Absolute Grant
Value
Inde
x
(168/15)
2
x6 31 (119/15)
2
20 (34/15)
2
9
(150/15)
2
x6 30 (106/15)
2
19 (30/15)
2
8
(168/15)
2
x4 29 (95/15)
2
18 (27/15)
2
7
(150/15)
2
x4 28 (84/15)
2
17 (24/15)
2
6
(134/15)
2
x4 27 (75/15)
2
16 (19/15)
2
5
(119/15)
2
x4 26 (67/15)
2
15 (15/15)
2
4
(150/15)
2
x2 25 (60/15)
2
14 (11/15)
2
3
(95/15)
2
x4 24 (53/15)
2
13 (7/15)
2
2
(168/15)
2
23 (47/15)
2
12 ZERO_GRANT* 1
(150/15)
2
22 (42/15)
2
11 INACTIVE* 0
(134/15)
2
21
(38/15)
2
10
*: Refer to the 3GPP TS 25.321 protocol.
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Page 22
E-AGCH Frame Timing
Two slots offset after the P-CCPCH
P-CCPCH
38400 chips
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3
E-AGCH
Subframe 4
5120 chips
E-AGCH (10 ms) E-DCH TTI = 10 ms
E-DCH TTI = 2 ms
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Page 23
E-RGCH Frame Format
 Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting RG (+1, 0, -1 or 0, -1) to the UE
 Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of the E-HICH
 SF=128
 Modulation: QPSK
All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-RGCH frames.
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Page 24
Mapping of E-RGCH Relative Grant Values
Command
RG Value (E-DCH Serving
Radio Link Set)
RG Value (E-DCH Non-
Serving Radio Link Set)
UP +1 not allowed
HOLD 0 0
DOWN -1 -1
 The primary serving cell sends +1, 0, and -1, and a non-primary
serving cell only sends 0 and -1.
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Page 25
 SGcur is the scheduled power state of the previous frame.
 SGreq is the power needed for the TTI requested rate.
 When Sgreq - SGcur > AGThreshold, the E-AGCH is used to adjust the power.
Otherwise, the E-RGCH is used to adjust the power.
Index Scheduled Grant Index Scheduled Grant Index Scheduled Grant
37 (168/15)
2
*6 24 (95/15)
2
11 (21/15)
2
36 (150/15)
2
*6 23 (84/15)
2
10 (19/15)
2
35 (168/15)
2
*4 22 (75/15)
2
9 (17/15)
2
34 (150/15)
2
*4 21 (67/15)
2
8 (15/15)
2
33 (134/15)
2
*4 20 (60/15)
2
7 (13/15)
2
32 (119/15)
2
*4 19 (53/15)
2
6 (12/15)
2
31 (150/15)
2
*2 18 (47/15)
2
5 (11/15)
2
30 (95/15)
2
*4 17 (42/15)
2
4 (9/15)
2
29 (168/15)
2
16 (38/15)
2
3 (8/15)
2
28 (150/15)
2
15 (34/15)
2
2 (7/15)
2
27 (134/15)
2
14 (30/15)
2
1 (6/15)
2
26 (119/15)
2
13 (27/15)
2
0 (5/15)
2
25 (106/15)
2
12 (24/15)
2
SG Table
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Page 26
Typical Interaction Between the UE and the NodeB
The UE sends the
SI request (indicating the UE
buffer state and the available
power)
and the happy bit.
The NodeB
gets the
requested rate
from SI.
The NodeB finds
the SGreq
according to the
requested rate
and compares it
with the SGcur.
Greater than
AGThreshold
Less than or equal to
AGThreshold
Use AG to grant Use RG to grant
Adjust the power according to AG
or RG, and indicates whether the
UE is happy with the current
scheduled rate.
NodeB



U
U



UE
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Page 27
Timing Relations Among the E-RGCH, P-CCPCH, and DPCH
 Each slot carries an RG command.
 If the cell does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:
 The RG information is sent in 15 consecutive slots (10 ms).
 If the cell belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs:
 10 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 12 consecutive slots (8 ms).
 2 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 3 consecutive slots (2 ms).
P-CCPCH
t
E-RGCH,n
38400 chips
E-DCH TTI = 10 ms (cell in serving RLS) E-RGCH (8 ms)
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3
E-RGCH
Subframe 4
E-DCH TTI = 2 ms (cell in serving RLS)
5120 chips
E-RGCH (10 ms) Cell in non serving RLS
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Page 28
E-RGCH Timing Relations
 When the cell sending the E-RGCH belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs, the E-
RGCH frame offset confirms to the following conditions:
 1. If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH
satisfies the following formula:


 2. If the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms, the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH
satisfies the following formula:


 When the cell sending the E-RGCH does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:
 The E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH is 5120 chips.
( )
(
¸
(

¸
÷
× + =
÷
30
70 256
7680 5120
,
,
n DPCH
n RGCH E
t
t
( )
(
¸
(

¸
+
× + =
÷
30
50 256
7680 5120
,
,
n DPCH
n RGCH E
t
t
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Page 29
E-HICH Frame Format
 Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting the HARQ Ack/Nack to the UE.
 Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of the E-RGCH
 SF=128
 Modulation: QPSK
 All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-HICH frames.

 Ack/Nack indication
 Ack => +1
 Nack from the serving RLs => -1
 Nack from non-serving RLs => 0

 The UE can receive the E-HICH from a maximum of four cells.
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Page 30
E-HICH Timing Relations
 When the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is: (chips)


 When the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms, the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is: (chips)

n HICH E , ÷
t
n HICH E , ÷
t
( )
(
¸
(

¸
÷
× + =
÷
30
70 256
7680 5120
,
,
n DPCH
n HICH E
t
t
( )
(
¸
(

¸
+
× + =
÷
30
50 256
7680 5120
,
,
n DPCH
n HICH E
t
t
P-CCPCH
t
E-HICH,n
38400 chips
E-DCH TTI = 10 ms E-HICH (8 ms)
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3
E-HICH
Subframe 4
E-DCH TTI = 2 ms
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Page 31
How to Reach the Peak Rate (5.76 Mbit/s)
 Preconditions:
No retransmission.
Uplink resources are available.
Coding efficiency =1
Multi-code transmission: 2 x SF4 + 2 x SF2
2 ms TTI
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Page 32
E-DPDCH Frame (SF=4)
 When SF=4, TTI=2 ms, and coding rate=1, the maximum payload of each
subframe is 1920 bits, that is 960 kbit/s.
1920 bits payload
1920 bits parity 1920 bits parity 1920 bits system
1920 bits symbols
1920 bits symbols
7680 chips
1/3 coding
Puncture
BPSK modulation
Spreading (SF=4)
2 ms
7680 chips/2 ms=3.84 Mcps
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Page 33
E-DPDCH Frame (SF=2)
 When SF=2, TTI=2 ms, and coding rate=1, the maximum payload of each
subframe is 3840 bits, that is 1920 kbit/s.
3840 bits payload
3840 bits parity 3840 bits parity 3840 bits system
3840 bits symbols
3840 bits symbols
7680 chips
1/3 coding
Puncture
BPSK modulation
Spreading (SF=2)
2 ms
7680 chips/2 ms=3.84 Mcps
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Page 34
Channel Timing and Multi-Code Transmission
SI SI+data Retransmission
1
2
3
4
E-DPDCH
E-DPCCH
E-AGCH
E-RGCH
E-HICH
1.
2.
3.
4.
Grant
Ack/Nack
Control Info
10ms
14~16ms
8ms
30ms
…… 1 2 3 4 5 6
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Page 35
Contents
Chapter-1 Introduction
Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer
Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles
Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility
Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer
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Page 36
Rise-over-Thermal Noise
Rise-over-Thermal (RoT) reflects the measurement
value of the uplink load.
In order to correctly demodulate the data received
by the NodeB, the Signal-to-Interference-Noise
Ratio (SINR) must be the minimum.
1- The increase of the user number and transmit
power leads to the increase of the uplink
interference.
2- The NodeB senses the noise raise and SINR is
influenced.
3- The NodeB controls the total uplink interference
by adjusting the Grant for every UE.
4, 5 - The UE transmits the data based on the Grant,
the volume of data to be sent, and the available
transmit power.
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Page 37
Node-B Scheduling
UE1 UE2 UE3
The NodeB allocates resources among multiple UEs in the unit of TTI,
and notifies the UE through Grant.
The NodeB tries to satisfy the demand of all online users under the
precondition of preventing overload, maximizing resource utilization ratio,
and maximizing the cell throughput.
The scheduler of HSUPA needs to consider the channel condition, the
data volume to be sent in the UE buffer, and the available transmit power
of the UE.
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Page 38
HSUPA Channel Operation
1. The UE sends a Transmission Request to
the Node B for getting resources.
2. The Node B responds to the UE with a
Grant Assignment, allocating Uplink band
to the UE.
3. The UE uses the grant to select the
appropriate transport format for the Data
Transmission to the Node B.
4. The Node B attempts to decode the received
data and send ACK/NAK to the UE. In case
of NAK, data may be retransmitted.
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Page 39
HSUPA Channel Operation
 The UE sends a resource request.
 The UE reports the Scheduling Information (SI).
 The UE reports the happy bit.

 The NodeB controls the transmit power of the UE.
 The NodeB grants a Traffic-to-Pilot ratio to the UE, which determines the transmit
rate of the UE.
 This mode, in which the NodeB grants a T/P value to the UE, is called scheduled
transmission.

 The NodeB satisfies the demand of the delay-sensitive services.
 The NodeB adopts the non-grant mode for delay-sensitive services, that is, the RNC
allocates a certain amount of resources directly to the UE, and the UE can use the
resources at any time rather than waiting for the scheduling result.
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Page 40
HARQ Mechanism
 The Stop and Wait (SAW) protocol for multi-channel
or multi-process is performed through four (TTI=10
ms) or eight (TTI=2 ms) processes.
 Each Radio Link (RL) sends the feedback
respectively.
 Each RL establishes one E-HICH.
 The E-HICH information sent by each Radio
Links set (RLs) is the same and can be combined.
 If all E-HICHs return ACK, then the transmission
succeeds.
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Page 41
Contents
Chapter-1 Introduction
Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer
Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles
Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility
Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer
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Page 42
E-DPCCH Physical Channel Power Control
 The E-DPCCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.
 βec is the gain factor of the E-DPCCH.
 △E-DPCCH is designated by the higher layer, which can be specified by parameter
settings.
|
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
· =
20
10
DPCCH E
c ec
| |
|
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
20
10
DPCCH E
Signalling values for D
E-
DPCCH
Quantized amplitude ratios

for
8 30/15
7 24/15
6 19/15
5 15/15
4 12/15
3 9/15
2 8/15
1 6/15
0 5/15
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 43
E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 44
E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 45
E-DPDCH Gain Factor
 The E-DPDCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.
 βed is the gain factor of E-DPDCH, which can be calculated through βed,ref.
 βed,ref is the gain factor of the reference E-TFC.



 △E-DPDCH and △harq are designated by the higher layer, which can be
specified by the parameter setting.
20 , ,
, , ,
, ,
10
harq
e ref e j
ed j harq ed ref
e j e ref
L K
L K
| |
A | |
|
|
\ .
= ·
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
· =
20
,
10
DPDCH E
c ref ed
| |
 βed,j,harq - Gain factor of the current E-TFC.
 Le,ref - E-DPDCH Quantity of the reference E-TFC
 Le,j - E-DPDCH number of the current E-TFC.
 Ke,ref - Number of transport block bits of the reference E-TFC.
 Ke,j - Number of transport block bits of the current E-TFC.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 46
Reference E-TFC
 How to determine the reference E-TFC of each frame?
 The reference E-TFC is the system-specified
reference E-TFC.
 Suppose the reference E-TFCs are 1, 2, ...m-1,m
(m is the maximum reference E-TFC), then the E-
TFCs between m-1 and m shall take m-1 as the
reference E-TFC.
 The E-TFCs larger than m shall take m as the
reference E-TFC.
 The E-TFCs smaller than 1 shall all select 1 as the
reference E-TFC.
E-TFC
Reference E-
TFC
E-TFC 10 E-TFC 9
E-TFC 9 E-TFC 9
E-TFC 8 E-TFC 5
E-TFC 7 E-TFC 5
E-TFC 6 E-TFC 5
E-TFC 5 E-TFC 5
E-TFC 4 E-TFC 2
E-TFC 3 E-TFC 2
E-TFC 2 E-TFC 2
E-TFC 1 E-TFC 2
As shown in the right figure, E-TFC 2/5/9
are the specified reference E-TFCs.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 47
E-AGCH/E-RGCH/E-HICH Power Control
 Two power control modes
Static power allocation
P = Pcpich + PowerOffset
Dynamic power allocation (based on the downlink DPCH)
---Every kind of channel can have a different PO. The specific
implementations are different, and are not defined in the protocol.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 48
HSUPA Active Set
DPCH Active Set
E-DCH Active Set
Serving RLs
E-DCH
serving
cell
serving
RL
serving
RL
Non-
serving
RL
Non-
serving
RL
Other AS
Cell
Other AS
Cell
Send the E-
AGCH
The UE can merge the E-
RGCH commands sent by
the cells in the RLs.
Send the non-
serving E-RGCH
All cells belong to the UE
active set and can process
the E-DCH.
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Page 49
E-DCH Active Set and Mobility
There are three different types of Radio Links
in the UE Active Set:
 Serving E-DCH Cell – The cell from which UE
receives AGCH from scheduler.
 Serving (E-DCH) RLS – Set of cells that
contain at least the serving cell and from which
the UE can receive and combine the serving
RGCHs.
 Non-Serving RLS – Cell that belongs to the E-
DCH Active Set but does not belong to the
serving RLS and from which the UE can receive
a RGCH.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 50
HSUPA Serving Cell Change
HSUPA Serving Cell is the same as HSDPA Serving Cell
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 51
Contents
Chapter-1 Introduction
Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer
Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles
Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility
Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 52
HSUPA Protocol Stack
SM(Sessi on Management )
GMM(Gpr s Mobi l i t y Management )
RRC(Radi o Resour ce Cont r ol )
RLC(Radi o Li nk Cont r ol )
MAC-es and MAC-d (Medi um Access Cont r ol )
MAC-e
Physi cal Layer
I ub I nt er f ace Pr ot ocol s
I u I nt er f ace Pr ot ocol s
UE Node B RNC SGSN
MAC-e and MAC-es are new entities in Release 6.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 53
MAC Structure at the UE Side

Associated
Downlink
Signalling
E-DCH
MAC-d
FACH RACH
DCCH DTCH DTCH
DSCH DCH DCH
MAC Control
USCH
( TDD only )
CPCH
( FDD only )
CTCH BCCH CCCH SHCCH
( TDD only )
PCCH
PCH FACH
MAC-c/sh
USCH
( TDD only )
DSCH
MAC-hs
HS-DSCH
Associated
Uplink
Signalling
Associated
Downlink
Signalling

MAC-es /
MAC-e
Associated
Uplink
Signalling
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Page 54
Details of MAC-es/e at the UE Side
MAC-es/e
MAC – Control

Associated Uplink
Signalling E-TFC
(E-DPCCH)
To MAC-d
HARQ
Multiplexing and TSN setting E-TFC Selection
Associated Scheduling
Downlink Signalling
(E-AGCH / E-RGCH(s))
Associated ACK/NACK
signaling
(E-HICH)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 55
MAC Structure at the UTRAN Side

FACH RACH
DCCH DTCH DTCH
DSCH
MAC Control
Iur or local

MAC Control
DCH DCH
MAC-d
USCH
TDD only
MAC-c/sh
CPCH
FDD only
CCCH CTCH BCCH SHCCH
TDD only
PCCH
FACH PCH USCH
TDD only
DSCH
MAC Control
HS- DSCH HS- DSCH
Associated Uplink
Signalling
Associated Downlink
Signalling
MAC-hs
Configuration
without MAC-c/sh
Configuration
with MAC
Configuration
with MAC-c/sh
E- DCH
Associated Uplink
Signalling
Associated Downlink
Signalling
MAC Control
MAC-es
MAC-e
MAC Control
Iub
c/sh
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 56
Details of MAC-e at the NodeB Side
 In the NodeB, there is
an MAC-e entity and
an E-DCH scheduler
for each UE. The
MAC-e and the E-DCH
scheduler process
HSUPA-related
functions in the NodeB.

MAC-e
MAC – Control

E-DCH
Associated
Downlink
Signalling
Associated
Uplink
Signalling
MAC-d Flows

De-multiplexing


HARQ entity


E-DCH
Control (FFS)
E-DCH
Scheduling (FFS)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential

Page 57
Details of MAC-es at the RNC Side
 In the SRNC, there is an
MAC-es entity for each UE.
The MAC-es sublayer
processes the E-DCH-
related functions that are
not covered by the MAC-e
entity in the NodeB.

MAC-es
MAC – Control

From
MAC-e in
NodeB #1
To MAC-d



Disassembly


Reordering Queue
Distribution
Reordering Queue
Distribution



Disassembly




Reordering/
Combining

Disassembly


Reordering/
Combining
Reordering/
Combining
From
MAC-e in
NodeB #k
MAC-d flow #1 MAC-d flow #n
Thank you.
www.huawei.com

Contents

Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

HSUPA vs. GPRS/EGPRS
HSUPA
Multiple access technology: TDMA+CDMA

GPRS/EGPRS
Multiple access technology: FDMA+TDMA

Single modulated

MCS1 to MCS9, CS1 to CS4

Modulation mode: BPSK

Modulation mode: GMSK, 8PSK

Physical channel: E-DCH

Physical channel: PDTCH

Scheduling: channel circumstance, data volume to be transmitted in the buffer of the UE, and available power

Scheduling: user priority

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 3

Limitations of R99 Uplink and Features of HSUPA
 Peak rate: 5.76 Mbit/s (RAN 10)  Improvement on uplink coverage at high date

rate: 20 % to 50 %
 Improvement on uplink capacity: 30 % to 100%

Features of R99 uplink

 Reduced delay  Fast resource scheduling and control  Improved QoS

 Long delay  Low uplink data rate  Small uplink capacity

Features of HSUPA uplink

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 4

Comparison Between R99 and HSUPA
Release 99
Min.10 ms TTI

HSUPA
Min. 2 ms (initial 10 ms) TTI

Slow resource request and allocation mechanism (at RNC)

Fast resource request and allocation mechanism (at NodeB)

Dedicated resources allocation of low efficiency

Dedicated resources allocation for delaysensitive services

Traditional ARQ to perform high-layer retransmission

HARQ to perform fast retransmission at the physical layer

Multiplexing of transport channels to physical channels

Multiplexing of logical channels to MAC layer

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 5

10 ms TTI GPRS/EGPRS Multiple access technology: FDMA+TDMA Single serving cell (the traffic channel does not support soft handover) Soft handover is supported Slow resource request and allocation mechanism (at RNC) MCS1 to MCS9.. Multiple users cause the RoT to rise.Comparison Between HSUPA and HSDPA HSDPA New high-speed downlink shared channels HSUPA Dedicated uplink channels with enhanced capability Release 99 Min. HUAWEI Confidential Page 6 . 8PSK Multiple users share the power and code resources of the NodeB. CS1 to CS4 Adaptive modulation/coding Fast power control Dedicated resources allocation of low efficiency Modulation mode: GMSK. Traditional ARQ to perform high-layer retransmission Physical channel: PDTCH HARQ with fast retransmission at the physical layer Multiplexing of transport channels to physical channels Scheduling: user priority HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. and the NodeB allocates resources among different users. LTD.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.Features of HSUPA E-DPDCH Important features of Release 6  The NodeB receives multiple high-speed channels. HUAWEI Confidential Page 7 .  The signals may come from different UEs or the same UE.  Multiple users transmit signals at the specified rate and power based on quick scheduling.  Multiple users share the interference..

HUSPA UE Capabilities * Maximum Peak data rate for 10 ms E-DCH TTI operation is 2 Mbps in all configurations HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8 . LTD..

HUAWEI Confidential Page 9 . LTD..Contents Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

the mapping from DCCH to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is implemented. HUAWEI Confidential Page 10 .Channel Mapping In RAN 10. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

 E-DPCCH: carries the control information of the E-DPDCH..  E-RGCH: carries the relative grant (RG) information determined by the scheduler. HUAWEI Confidential Page 11 .New Channels in HSUPA  Uplink transport channel  E-DCH: Bears high-speed uplink data.  E-AGCH: carries the absolute grant (AG) information determined by the scheduler. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  Downlink physical channel  E-HICH: carries the HARQ ACK/NACK indication message of the E-DCH. LTD.  Uplink physical channel  E-DPDCH: carries E-DCH PDUs.

and other relevant information through the E-DPDCH. UPH. HUAWEI Confidential Page 12 . The UE sends MAC-e PDU (service or signaling data) through the E-DPDCH.Physical Layer Information Exchange Process of HSUPA ① Node B ② The UE sends an SI request carrying buffer state.. The NodeB tells the UE whether the PDU has been successfully demodulated through the EHICH. and sends the control information (required for demodulating the PDU) and happy bit (indicating whether the UE is happy with the current scheduled rate) through the E-DPCCH. LTD. The NodeB allocates resources through the EAGCH to the UE (AG procedure) or indicates power adjustment through the E-RGCH (RG procedure). ③ E-DPDCH ③ E-DPCCH ② ④ ③ E-AGCH/RGCH E-HICH ① ④ HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 13 .Structure of the E-DPDCH/E-DPCCH E-DPDCH sub-frame structure Header MAC-e PDU (payload) SI 1bit 2bit 7bit SF=256 Retransmission Sequence Number RSN E-TFCI Happy bit E-DPCCH sub-frame structure Happy bit: Indicates whether the UE is happy with the current scheduled rate.. LTD. TTI HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Frame Format  The E-DPDCH and the E-DPCCH both keep frame alignment with the uplink DPCCH.  Modulation: BPSK with I/Q branch  When the TTI of E-DCH is 10 ms. LTD. the contents of the E-DPCCH subframe is repeatedly sent for five times. HUAWEI Confidential Page 14 .. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 15 .E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Slot Format c Channel Bit Rate (kbit/s) SF Bits/ Frame Bits/ Subframe Bits/Slot Ndata 0 1 15 30 256 128 150 300 30 60 10 20 2 3 4 5 6 7 60 120 240 480 960 1920 64 32 16 8 4 2 600 1200 2400 4800 9600 19200 120 240 480 960 1920 3840 40 80 160 320 640 1280 E-DPDCH slot format Slot Format #i Channel Bit Rate (kbit/s) SF Bits/ Frame Bits/ Subframe Bits/Slot Ndata 0 15 256 150 30 10 E-DPCCH slot format HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

k : Channelization code βed.k = j. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 16 . maps to I branch  Iqed.k = 1.k : Determines the I/Q branch mapping  Iqed. maps to Q branch HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.k E-DPDCH1 0 No/Yes E-DPDCH2 E-DPDCH3 E-DPDCH4 1 No 1 j 1 j E-DPDCH1 E-DPDCH2 E-DPDCH1 E-DPDCH2 j 1 1 j 1 Yes    Ced..k : Gain factor for E-DPDCH Iqed.E-DPDCH I/Q Channel Mapping Nmax-dpdch HS-DSCH configured E-DPDCHk iqed.

2.k Cch.1 if SF = 2 Cch. see the following table.1  E-DPDCHk uses the channel code: Ced.1 if SF = 4 Cch.Code Resource Allocation  E-DPCCH uses the channel code: Cec = Cch.k.1 Cch. For the specific rules. which is determined by Nmax-dpdch and the spreading factor.4.4.2.SF.4..1 if SF = 2 Cch.SF/2 0 E-DPDCH2 E-DPDCH3 E-DPDCH4 E-DPDCH1 1 E-DPDCH2 Cch.2 if SF = 4 Cch. Nmax-dpdch E-DPDCHk E-DPDCH1 Channelization code Ced.256.SF/4 if SF  4 Cch.SF. LTD.1 if SF = 2 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.2. HUAWEI Confidential Page 17 .

Bears the HARQ control information.Downlink Physical Channels E-AGCH Bears the maximum E-DPDCH/DPCCH ratio. TTI HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. decrease. or keep its transmit power currently granted. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 . E-RGCH T/P Grant HARQ Control SF=256 E-AGCH (sub) frame structure Up / Hold / Down Bears a simple command to instruct the UE to increase.. E-HICH E-RGCH (sub) frame structure Ack / Nack SF=128 E-HICH (sub) frame structure Informs the UE whether the transmission of the previous data is successful (Ack) or not (Nack). LTD.

.  The Serving RG is sent by all the cells in the E-DCH serving RLs. HUAWEI Confidential Page 19 . keep. LTD.  Grant mode: An index (totally 31 index values) is used to indicate the Traffic-toPilot ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH). HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. or decrease its current transmit power.  The Non-serving RG is sent by the E-RGCH in the E-DCH non-serving RLs.  Significance of the Grant value: Maximum power ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH) available for the UE.Grant Mechanism  Absolute Grant (AG)  Carried by the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell.  Relative Grant (RG)  RG carries a command instructing the UE to increase.

E-AGCH Frame Format  The E-AGCH is a downlink common channel.  The TTI may be 2 ms or 10 ms depending on the E-DCH. If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms. or sends the content in one of the five subframes. The UE only monitors the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell. HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 . then the EAGCH either sends the same content in five subframes. Tf = 10 ms HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  Fixed rate: 30 kbit/s  Modulation: QPSK  SF=256  The E-AGCH carries the E-DCH absolute Grant information of all the UEs in the cell. LTD. 20 bits  E-AGCH Tslot = 2560 chips Slot #0 Slot #1 Slot #2 Slot #i Slot #14 1 subframe = 2 ms 1 radio frame..

. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. see the following table. Absolute Grant Value (168/15)2x6 Index 31 Absolute Grant Value (119/15)2 Index 20 Absolute Grant Value (34/15)2 Inde x 9 (150/15)2x6 (168/15)2x4 (150/15)2x4 (134/15)2x4 (119/15)2x4 (150/15)2x2 (95/15)2x4 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 (106/15)2 (95/15)2 (84/15)2 (75/15)2 (67/15)2 (60/15)2 (53/15)2 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 (30/15)2 (27/15)2 (24/15)2 (19/15)2 (15/15)2 (11/15)2 (7/15)2 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 (168/15)2 (150/15)2 (134/15)2 23 22 21 (47/15)2 (42/15)2 (38/15)2 12 11 10 ZERO_GRANT* INACTIVE* 1 0 *: Refer to the 3GPP TS 25.321 protocol.Mapping of Absolute Grant (AG) Values  For the actual grant values (T/P). HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 .

E-AGCH Frame Timing Two slots offset after the P-CCPCH 38400 chips P-CCPCH 5120 chips E-DCH TTI = 10 ms E-AGCH (10 ms) E-AGCH Subframe 2 E-DCH TTI = 2 ms Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 22 ..

0. LTD. -1) to the UE  Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of the E-HICH  SF=128  Modulation: QPSK All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-RGCH frames. -1 or 0. HUAWEI Confidential Page 23 .E-RGCH Frame Format  Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting RG (+1. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

HUAWEI Confidential Page 24 .Mapping of E-RGCH Relative Grant Values  The primary serving cell sends +1. and a non-primary serving cell only sends 0 and -1. 0. and -1. RG Value (E-DCH Serving Radio Link Set) +1 0 -1 RG Value (E-DCH NonServing Radio Link Set) not allowed 0 -1 Command UP HOLD DOWN HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD..

the E-RGCH is used to adjust the power. the E-AGCH is used to adjust the power. SGreq is the power needed for the TTI requested rate. LTD.SG Table    SGcur is the scheduled power state of the previous frame.. Index Scheduled Grant Index Scheduled Grant Index Scheduled Grant 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 (168/15)2*6 (150/15)2*6 (168/15)2*4 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 (95/15)2 (84/15)2 (75/15)2 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 (21/15)2 (19/15)2 (17/15)2 (150/15)2*4 (134/15)2*4 (119/15)2*4 (150/15)2*2 (95/15)2*4 (168/15)2 (150/15)2 (134/15)2 (119/15)2 (106/15)2 (67/15)2 (60/15)2 (53/15)2 (47/15)2 (42/15)2 (38/15)2 (34/15)2 (30/15)2 (27/15)2 (24/15)2 (15/15)2 (13/15)2 (12/15)2 (11/15)2 (9/15)2 (8/15)2 (7/15)2 (6/15)2 (5/15) 2 29 28 27 26 25 16 15 14 13 12 3 2 1 0 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Otherwise. When Sgreq . HUAWEI Confidential Page 25 .SGcur > AGThreshold.

The NodeB finds the SGreq according to the requested rate and compares it with the SGcur.. Greater than AGThreshold Use AG to grant Less than or equal to AGThreshold Use RG to grant UU The UE sends the Adjust the power according to AG or RG. HUAWEI Confidential Page 26 .Typical Interaction Between the UE and the NodeB NodeB The NodeB gets the requested rate from SI. UE SI request (indicating the UE buffer state and the available power) and the happy bit. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. and indicates whether the UE is happy with the current scheduled rate.

and DPCH  Each slot carries an RG command.  2 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 3 consecutive slots (2 ms). LTD.n E-DCH TTI = 10 ms (cell in serving RLS) E-RGCH (8 ms) E-RGCH Subframe 2 E-DCH TTI = 2 ms (cell in serving RLS) Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. 38400 chips P-CCPCH 5120 chips Cell in non serving RLS E-RGCH (10 ms) tE-RGCH.  If the cell does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:  The RG information is sent in 15 consecutive slots (10 ms).  If the cell belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs:  10 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 12 consecutive slots (8 ms).Timing Relations Among the E-RGCH. HUAWEI Confidential Page 27 . P-CCPCH.

. the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH satisfies the following formula: t E  RGCH . If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH satisfies the following formula: t E  RGCH . the E- RGCH frame offset confirms to the following conditions:  1.n 256  70   30    2.E-RGCH Timing Relations  When the cell sending the E-RGCH belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs. If the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms.n 256  50   5120  7680   30    When the cell sending the E-RGCH does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:  The E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH is 5120 chips. HUAWEI Confidential Page 28 .n  t DPCH . LTD.n  5120  7680   t DPCH .

HUAWEI Confidential Page 29 .  Ack/Nack indication  Ack => +1  Nack from the serving RLs => -1  Nack from non-serving RLs => 0  The UE can receive the E-HICH from a maximum of four cells. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of the E-RGCH  SF=128  Modulation: QPSK  All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-HICH frames.E-HICH Frame Format  Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting the HARQ Ack/Nack to the UE..

n 256  50   30   38400 chips P-CCPCH tE-HICH.n 256  70   30    When the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms.n (chips) t E  HICH . the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is: t E  HICH . LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 30 ..n (chips) t E  HICH .n  5120  7680   t DPCH .n  5120  7680   t DPCH . the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is: t E  HICH .E-HICH Timing Relations  When the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms.n E-DCH TTI = 10 ms E-HICH (8 ms) E-HICH Subframe 2 E-DCH TTI = 2 ms Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

.How to Reach the Peak Rate (5. Uplink resources are available. Coding efficiency =1 Multi-code transmission: 2 x SF4 + 2 x SF2 2 ms TTI HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.76 Mbit/s)  Preconditions: No retransmission. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 31 .

84 Mcps HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the maximum payload of each subframe is 1920 bits. that is 960 kbit/s. and coding rate=1. TTI=2 ms.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 32 . 1920 bits payload 1920 bits system 1920 bits parity 1920 bits symbols 1920 bits symbols 7680 chips 1920 bits parity 1/3 coding Puncture BPSK modulation Spreading (SF=4) 2 ms 7680 chips/2 ms=3. LTD.E-DPDCH Frame (SF=4)  When SF=4.

E-DPDCH Frame (SF=2)  When SF=2.84 Mcps HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. and coding rate=1. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 33 . 3840 bits payload 3840 bits system 3840 bits parity 3840 bits symbols 3840 bits parity 1/3 coding Puncture BPSK modulation Spreading (SF=2) 3840 bits symbols 7680 chips 2 ms 7680 chips/2 ms=3.. that is 1920 kbit/s. the maximum payload of each subframe is 3840 bits. TTI=2 ms.

E-DPDCH 3. 14~16ms 8ms …… 10ms 1 2 3 4 5 30ms 6 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Ack/Nack E-HICH 4.Channel Timing and Multi-Code Transmission SI SI+data Retransmission 1 2 3 4 1.. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 34 . Control Info E-DPCCH E-AGCH E-RGCH Grant 2.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 35 . LTD.Contents Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

the Signal-to-Interference-Noise Ratio (SINR) must be the minimum. 4..Rise-over-Thermal Noise Rise-over-Thermal (RoT) reflects the measurement value of the uplink load. 3.The increase of the user number and transmit power leads to the increase of the uplink interference. the volume of data to be sent.The NodeB controls the total uplink interference by adjusting the Grant for every UE. LTD.The UE transmits the data based on the Grant. HUAWEI Confidential Page 36 . 1. 5 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.The NodeB senses the noise raise and SINR is influenced. 2. In order to correctly demodulate the data received by the NodeB. and the available transmit power.

and maximizing the cell throughput. HUAWEI Confidential Page 37 . The scheduler of HSUPA needs to consider the channel condition. and notifies the UE through Grant.. The NodeB tries to satisfy the demand of all online users under the precondition of preventing overload. and the available transmit power of the UE. UE1 UE2 UE3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. maximizing resource utilization ratio. the data volume to be sent in the UE buffer.Node-B Scheduling The NodeB allocates resources among multiple UEs in the unit of TTI. LTD.

The UE uses the grant to select the appropriate transport format for the Data Transmission to the Node B. In case of NAK. allocating Uplink band to the UE. 4. data may be retransmitted. LTD. The UE sends a Transmission Request to the Node B for getting resources. 3. 2.. The Node B responds to the UE with a Grant Assignment.HSUPA Channel Operation 1. The Node B attempts to decode the received data and send ACK/NAK to the UE. HUAWEI Confidential Page 38 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

is called scheduled transmission.. and the UE can use the resources at any time rather than waiting for the scheduling result. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  The UE reports the Scheduling Information (SI). that is. in which the NodeB grants a T/P value to the UE. HUAWEI Confidential Page 39 .  The NodeB grants a Traffic-to-Pilot ratio to the UE.HSUPA Channel Operation  The UE sends a resource request.  This mode. which determines the transmit rate of the UE.  The NodeB satisfies the demand of the delay-sensitive services.  The NodeB controls the transmit power of the UE. LTD. the RNC allocates a certain amount of resources directly to the UE.  The NodeB adopts the non-grant mode for delay-sensitive services.  The UE reports the happy bit.

 The E-HICH information sent by each Radio Links set (RLs) is the same and can be combined. LTD.  Each RL establishes one E-HICH.  If all E-HICHs return ACK.  Each Radio Link (RL) sends the feedback respectively.HARQ Mechanism  The Stop and Wait (SAW) protocol for multi-channel or multi-process is performed through four (TTI=10 ms) or eight (TTI=2 ms) processes.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 40 . then the transmission succeeds.

Contents Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 41 .

. which can be specified by parameter settings. Signalling values for D EDPCCH Quantized amplitude ratios for   E  DP CCH   10  20     8 7   E  DPCCH   20      30/15 24/15 19/15 15/15 6 5 ec  c  10 4 3 2 1 0 12/15 9/15 8/15 6/15 5/15 Page 42 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.E-DPCCH Physical Channel Power Control  The E-DPCCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.  βec is the gain factor of the E-DPCCH.  △E-DPCCH is designated by the higher layer. HUAWEI Confidential .

HUAWEI Confidential Page 43 . LTD..E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 44 ..E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Number of transport block bits of the reference E-TFC.ref Le. Ke. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.E-DPDCH number of the current E-TFC.   E  DPDCH    20   ed .j.Gain factor of the current E-TFC. which can be specified by the parameter setting. HUAWEI Confidential Page 45 .. Ke.harq .j .Number of transport block bits of the current E-TFC.  βed is the gain factor of E-DPDCH.E-DPDCH Quantity of the reference E-TFC Le.E-DPDCH Gain Factor  The E-DPDCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.      Le. j Ke.ref .harq  ed . j Ke .ref Le.ref is the gain factor of the reference E-TFC.j .  βed.ref 10  harq   20      △E-DPDCH and △harq are designated by the higher layer.ref  c 10  ed . which can be calculated through βed.ref .ref. j . βed.

LTD.. 2.m-1.  The E-TFCs larger than m shall take m as the reference E-TFC. E-TFC 1 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 46 .. E-TFC 2/5/9 are the specified reference E-TFCs.  Suppose the reference E-TFCs are 1.m (m is the maximum reference E-TFC).  The E-TFCs smaller than 1 shall all select 1 as the reference E-TFC. E-TFC E-TFC 10 E-TFC 9 E-TFC 8 E-TFC 7 E-TFC 6 E-TFC 5 E-TFC 4 E-TFC 3 E-TFC 2 Reference ETFC E-TFC 9 E-TFC 9 E-TFC 5 E-TFC 5 E-TFC 5 E-TFC 5 E-TFC 2 E-TFC 2 E-TFC 2 E-TFC 2 As shown in the right figure. . then the ETFCs between m-1 and m shall take m-1 as the reference E-TFC.Reference E-TFC  How to determine the reference E-TFC of each frame?  The reference E-TFC is the system-specified reference E-TFC.

LTD.E-AGCH/E-RGCH/E-HICH Power Control  Two power control modes  Static power allocation P = Pcpich + PowerOffset  Dynamic power allocation (based on the downlink DPCH) ---Every kind of channel can have a different PO. and are not defined in the protocol.. The specific implementations are different. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. HUAWEI Confidential Page 47 .

HSUPA Active Set DPCH Active Set Other AS Cell Nonserving RL serving RL Nonserving RL Other AS Cell E-DCH Active Set Serving RLs E-DCH serving cell serving RL Send the EAGCH The UE can merge the ERGCH commands sent by the cells in the RLs. HUAWEI Confidential Page 48 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Send the nonserving E-RGCH All cells belong to the UE active set and can process the E-DCH. LTD. ..

  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 49 . Non-Serving RLS – Cell that belongs to the EDCH Active Set but does not belong to the serving RLS and from which the UE can receive a RGCH.E-DCH Active Set and Mobility There are three different types of Radio Links in the UE Active Set:  Serving E-DCH Cell – The cell from which UE receives AGCH from scheduler. LTD. Serving (E-DCH) RLS – Set of cells that contain at least the serving cell and from which the UE can receive and combine the serving RGCHs.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 50 . LTD.HSUPA Serving Cell Change HSUPA Serving Cell is the same as HSDPA Serving Cell HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

HUAWEI Confidential Page 51 . LTD..Contents Chapter-1 Introduction Chapter-2 HSUPA Physical Layer Chapter-3 Scheduling Principles Chapter-4 Power Control and Mobility Chapter-5 HSUPA MAC Layer HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 52 . LTD.HSUPA Protocol Stack SM (Sessi o n M an ag em en t ) GM M (Gp r s M o b i l i t y M an ag em en t ) RRC(Rad i o Reso u r ce Co n t r o l ) RLC(Rad i o Li n k Co n t r o l ) M A C-es an d M A C-d (M ed i u m A ccess Co n t r o l ) Iu In t er f ace Pr o t o co l s M A C-e Iu b In t er f ace Pr o t o co l s Ph ysi cal Layer UE Node B RNC SGSN MAC-e and MAC-es are new entities in Release 6.

MAC Structure at the UE Side PCCH BCCH CCCH CTCH SHCCH ( TDD only ) MAC Control DCCH DTCH DTCH MAC-d MAC-es / MAC-e MAC-hs MAC-c/sh E-DCH Associated Downlink Signalling Associated Uplink Signalling HS-DSCH PCH Associated Associated Downlink Uplink Signalling Signalling FACH FACH RACH CPCH USCH USCH DSCH DSCH ( FDD only ) ( TDD only ) ( TDD only ) DCH DCH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 53 .

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 54 . LTD.Details of MAC-es/e at the UE Side To MAC-d MAC-es/e E-TFC Selection Multiplexing and TSN setting MAC – Control HARQ Associated Scheduling Downlink Signalling (E-AGCH / E-RGCH(s)) Associated ACK/NACK signaling (E-HICH) Associated Uplink Signalling E-TFC (E-DPCCH) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 55 .MAC Structure at the UTRAN Side MAC Control MAC Control PCCH BCCH CCCH CTCH SHCCH TDD only MAC Control MAC Control MAC Control DCCH DTCH DTCH MAC-es MAC-d Configuration without MAC -c/sh Configuration with MAC c/sh MAC-e MAC-hs Configuration with MAC -c/sh MAC-c/sh E-DCH Associated Downlink Signalling Associated Uplink Signalling HS..DSCH HS. LTD.DSCH Associated Downlink Signalling PCH FACH FACH RACH CPCH USCH USCH DSCH DSCH Iur or local Iub FDD only TDD only TDD only Associated Uplink Signalling DCH DCH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Associated Uplink Signalling Associated Downlink Signalling E-DCH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Details of MAC-e at the NodeB Side MAC-d Flows MAC-e MAC – Control E-DCH Scheduling (FFS) E-DCH Control (FFS) De-multiplexing  In the NodeB. HUAWEI Confidential Page 56 . The MAC-e and the E-DCH scheduler process HSUPA-related functions in the NodeB. LTD.. there is HARQ entity an MAC-e entity and an E-DCH scheduler for each UE.

The MAC-es sublayer processes the E-DCHrelated functions that are not covered by the MAC-e entity in the NodeB.. there is an Reordering/ Combining Reordering/ Combining Reordering/ Combining Reordering Queue Distribution Reordering Queue Distribution MAC-es entity for each UE.Details of MAC-es at the RNC Side To MAC-d MAC-es Disassembly Disassembly Disassembly MAC – Control  In the SRNC. LTD. HUAWEI Confidential Page 57 . MAC-d flow #1 MAC-d flow #n From MAC-e in NodeB #1 From MAC-e in NodeB #k HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Thank you.huawei. www.com .

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