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by Martin

Definition of Malnutrition

Malnutrition is the condition that develops when the body does not get the right amount of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function.

Types of Malnutrition

Undernutrition

Undernutrition

Malnutrition occurs in people who are either undernourished or overnourished. Undernutrition is a consequence of consuming too few essential nutrients or using or excreting them more rapidly than they can be replaced.

irritability, anxiety, and attention deficits goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) loss of reflexes and lack of muscular coordination muscle twitches amenorrhea (cessation of menstrual periods) scaling and cracking of the lips and mouth. Malnourished children may be short for their age, thin, listless, and have weakened im
Diagnosis
Overall appearance, behavior, body-fat distribution, and organ function can alert a family physician, internist, or

nutrition specialist to the prese Blood and urine tests are used to measure the patient's levels of vitamins, minerals, a Comparing a patient's weight to standardized charts Calculating [malnoo-trishun] (BMI) according to a formula that divides height into we malnutrition body mass index Measuring skinfold thickness or improper diet or from the upper arm. metabolism that poor nourishment resulting from the circumference of some defect in
Treatment
Normalizing nutritional status starts with a nutritional assessment. This process enables a clinical nutritionist or registered dietician to confirm the presence of malnutrition,

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Prognosis
Up to 10% of a person's body weight can be lost without side effects, but if more than 40% is lost, the situation is almost always fatal. Death usually results from

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