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Concept oI ConstItutIon Concept oI ConstItutIon

W W MaLLers affecLlng Lhe lssue of language rellglon naLlves and MaLLers affecLlng Lhe lssue of language rellglon naLlves and
clLlzens ln Lhe consLlLuLlon clLlzens ln Lhe consLlLuLlon of Malaysla of Malaysla be a key facLor Lo esLabllsh a be a key facLor Lo esLabllsh a
close eLhnlc Lles and sLrong among Lhe people of Malaysla close eLhnlc Lles and sLrong among Lhe people of Malaysla
W W 1he 1he Lhlngs LhaL are Lhlngs LhaL are consldered Malays beneflclal ln consldered Malays beneflclal ln Lhe Malayslan Lhe Malayslan
consLlLuLlon was offseL by oLher provlslons LhaL glve an advanLage consLlLuLlon was offseL by oLher provlslons LhaL glve an advanLage
Lo Lhe non Lo Lhe non naLlves naLlves
W W lor lor a soverelgn naLlon a soverelgn naLlon ls a source of ls a source of consLlLuLlonal consLlLuLlonal law law Lhe Lhe
hlghesL hlghesL law law of a of a counLry and counLry and everyone everyone musL adhere Lo musL adhere Lo grandeur grandeur
W W ln ln Lhe conLexL of Lhe lslamlc consLlLuLlon Lhe flrsL Musllm counLry Lhe conLexL of Lhe lslamlc consLlLuLlon Lhe flrsL Musllm counLry
under Lhe leadershlp of Medlna Allahs Messenger was formed under Lhe leadershlp of Medlna Allahs Messenger was formed
Sahlfah Sahlfah Medlna for Lhe smooLh admlnlsLraLlon of varlous races Medlna for Lhe smooLh admlnlsLraLlon of varlous races
Lffects
of co|on|zat|on
-aLlonal buffeLlngs
Ma|ayan Un|on
CpposlLlon
Commun|t|es
L|a|son comm|ttee
(CLC)
Soclal negoLlaLlon
Soc|a| contract
AgreemenL
Iederat|on of
1anah me|ayu
9 CharacLerlsLlcs
MMk
Member sysLem
L|ect|ons
Alllance
London negot|at|ons
lndependenL
ke|d comm|ss|on
Memorandum
1rad|t|ona| e|ements
-aLlonal ldenLlLy
3 Art|c|es
3 132 133
Is|am|c
const|tut|on
Comparlson
3
Istozy oI DzaItIng the MaIaysIan ConstItutIon Istozy oI DzaItIng the MaIaysIan ConstItutIon
-at|ona|
buffet|ngs
-at|ona|
buffet|ngs
% urlng colonlzaLlon Lhe Malays are always up Lo flghL Lhe colonlallsLs
% CLher Lhan bloody baLLle whlch began on colonlzaLlon of Lhe orLuguese uLch
Lngllsh !apanese Lhe buffeLlngs also moLlvaLed by naLlonallsm splrlL
CrganlzaLlon CrganlzaLlon
% y Lhe 20Lh cenLury Lhe organlzaLlons such as Lhe Slngapore Malay unlon
kesaLuan Melayu erak kesaLuan Melayu Muda eLc LhaL has become Lhe
medlum Lo flghL Lhe colonlallsLs emerged
Mass medla Mass medla
% Mass medla such as newspapers and magazlnes also serves as a medlum for Lhe
dlssemlnaLlon of flghLlng splrlL
% Lg uLusan Melayu Ma[lls Allmam Saudara and WarLa Sarawak
ersonage ersonage
% Malay lnLellecLual flgures such as 8ahlm ka[al lbrahlm ?aakob ak Sako eLc
appears Lo reallze Lhe Malays Lo wake up and sLrlve for lndependence
4
MALAYAN 0NION MALAYAN 0NION
AfLer !apan surrendered
Lhe rlLlsh MlllLary
AdmlnlsLraLlon (MA) Look
over Lhe admlnlsLraLlon of
Malaya
1he
rlLlsh arllamenL
approved
Lhe Malayan
unlon on CcLober
10 1943
Slr
Parold March Mlchael wa
s appolnLed Lhe
rlLlsh represenLaLlve Lo
obLaln Lhe slgnaLure
of Lhe Malay SulLans
Malayan
unlon opposlLe
by Lhe Malays
Malayan unlon sLlll declared on 1
Aprll 1946 and Slr Ldward
CenL as Lhe flrsL governor
1he Malays are boycoLLlng Lhe
counclls declaraLlon Lhe
rlLlsh flnally gave ln and replaced
Lhe Malayan unlon Lo lederaLlon of
Malaya
rlLlsh reallzed Lhey would fall
wlLhouL Lhe supporL of Lhe
Malay unlon
3
AfLer AfLer !apan surrendered Lhe rlLlsh MlllLary !apan surrendered Lhe rlLlsh MlllLary
AdmlnlsLraLlon AdmlnlsLraLlon (MA) (MA) Look over Look over Lhe admlnlsLraLlon of Malaya Lhe admlnlsLraLlon of Malaya
1he rlLlsh 1he rlLlsh arllamenL arllamenL approved Lhe approved Lhe Malayan unlon Malayan unlon on on CcLober 10 1943 CcLober 10 1943
!!#' !!#'
Ma|ayan Un|on
Slr Parold Slr Parold Mac Mac Mlchael Mlchael who was appolnLed who was appolnLed Lhe Lhe
rlLlsh rlLlsh represenLaLlve represenLaLlve Lo obLaln Lhe slgnaLure of Lo obLaln Lhe slgnaLure of Lhe Lhe
Malay SulLans Malay SulLans
Malayan unlon Malayan unlon opposlLe by opposlLe by Lhe Malays Lhe Malays
1nL MALAA- U-IC- 1nL MALAA- U-IC-
Malayan unlon sLlll Malayan unlon sLlll declared on declared on 1 Aprll 1946 1 Aprll 1946 and and
Slr Slr Ldward CenL Ldward CenL as as Lhe flrsL Lhe flrsL governor governor
1he Malays are 1he Malays are boycoLLlng boycoLLlng Lhe counclls Lhe counclls declaraLlon declaraLlon Lhe Lhe
rlLlsh rlLlsh flnally flnally gave ln gave ln and replaced Lhe and replaced Lhe Malayan unlon Malayan unlon
Lo Lo lederaLlon of Malaya lederaLlon of Malaya
F0l0I0 0l 1h0 hI) Il0 lII0IlIhN0I
8educe and conLrol
Lhe Malays pollLlcal
power
Save Lhe rlLlsh
admlnlsLraLlon cosL
1o ensure Lhe rlLlsh
conLrol
1o ensure Lhe mlgranL
conLrlbuLlon
1o sLrengLhen
Lhe rlLlsh defense
CreaLlng an efflclenL
and
unlform admlnlsLraLlon
rovlde Lhe
Malaya Lowards self
governmenL
lormlng a
-aLlon Malayan unlon
12
13
leaLures Cf
Malayan
unlon
All Malay sLaLes excepL
Slngapore unlfled und
er Lhe rule of Lhe
rlLlsh Covernor
1he Covernor ls
asslsLed by Lhe
lederal LxecuLlve
Councll and LeglslaLlve
Councll
Slngapore made 3 3a
separaLe colony under
a rlLlsh Covernor
1he soverelgnLy of Lhe
Malay rulers abollshed
Slmllar clLlzenshlp
rlghLs for all based
on [us soll
#0I0I 0l Ih0 hI) Il0 00IlIl0
8educLlon of
Lhe SulLans'
powers
Slngapore sepa
raLed from
Lhe Malayan
unlon and lL
remaln as
a rlLlsh colony
Llberal clLlzens
hlp
rlghLs based on
Lhe prlnclple of
[us soll
Lqual rlghLs Lo
all clLlzens rega
rdless of
race whlch lndl
genous
populaLlon doe
s noL have any
prlvlleges
Slr Parold Mac
Mlchael used
coerclon and
Lhreads as a
meLhod Lo
acqulre Lhe
SulLans
slgnaLure
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00IlIl0 0l hl\N INl0N
aLo Cnn
Malay 8ulers
aLo Cnn
Malay 8ulers
lndlvldually
-aLlonal news a
nd Malay
newspapers
-aLlonal news a
nd Malay
newspapers
newspapers
A peaceful
demonsLraLlon an
d Malay unlons
A peaceful
demonsLraLlon an
d Malay unlons
collecLlvely
ln fronL of
brlLlsh
parllamenL
member
ln fronL of
brlLlsh
parllamenL
member
mournlng
13
Ht COMMtSStON Ht COMMtSStON
1936 1936 Lord 8eld headed Lhe commlsslon Lo draw up a Lord 8eld headed Lhe commlsslon Lo draw up a
consLlLuLlon for lndependenL Malaya consLlLuLlon for lndependenL Malaya
ReJ 00mmJ88J0N
memeR8
r|ta|n Lord 8eld Slr lvor !ennlngs
Austra||a Slr Wllllam Mckell
Ind|a Mallk
ak|stan !udge Abdul Pamld
0ljlIIl0 0l tlt
Commun|t|es L|a|son
comm|ttee (CLC)
% MulLl eLhnlc Agency esLabllshed wlLh
purpose of creaLlng undersLandlng
and beLLer cooperaLlon among
Lhe varlous eLhnlc groups ln Malaya
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10l lllt1l0N
%1he 1st e|ect|ons
%ecember 1 1931 lllhan raya andaran CeorgeLown
%uM-C MCA work LogeLher Lo form a pollLlcal alllance
%Won all nlne seaLs

1931
%1he 2nd e|ect|ons
%lebruary 1932 kuala Lumpur Munlclpal LlecLlons
%12 seaLs conLesLed
%uM-CMCA alllance won nlne seaLs Lhe remalnder by
Lhe lM and lndependenL candldaLes
%
1932
% -aLlonal ConvenLlon was held
% uM-C and MCA Alllance was formed
1934
%LlecLlon of Lhe lederal LeglslaLlve Councll (32 seaLs)
%8 parLy conLesLed
%MlC Alllance and Lhe Alllance won LrlaLhlons 31kerusl
%AS won one seaL (ln kerlan erak)
1933
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