You are on page 1of 16

OPEN WOUNDS

PALAI
PUNCTURE

ABRASION

LACERATION

AVULSIONS
INCISIONS

OPEN WOUND
o

An open wound is a break in the skins surface resulting in external bleeding. It may allow the bacteria to enter the body, causing an infection. Individuals with open wounds are at high risk for infection due to the break in the skin integrity. There are several types of open wounds PALAI.

OPEN WOUND

PUNCTURE
-with a puncture wound, the skin is pierced with a sharp, pointed object. This type of open wound is usually deep, narrow wounds in the skin and underlying organs. External bleeding is usually minor, but the puncturing object may penetrate deeply into the body and this damage organs and soft tissues and severe internal bleeding. Tetanus organisms and other harmful bacteria that grows rapidly deep within body tissues by a penetrating object

PUNCTURE

ABRASIONS -is a superficial scraping of the skin .The top layer of the skin (epidermis) is removed, with little or no blood loss at all. However, there is a danger of contamination and infection, because of dirt and bacteria may have been ground into the broken tissues. Abrasions tend to be painful since the nerve endings are affected also since it is also abraded along the skin

ABRASIONS

LACERATION

edges of the wound are irregular and jagged. With a laceration, there is tearing and breaking of the tissues. Bleeding from a laceration may be rapid and extensive

LACERATION

AVULSION

-is a forcible tearing or partial tearing away of tissues. This type of wound can bleed heavily. If a body part (a finger, tooth or toe, for example) has been torn away in an accident, it should always be sent along with the victim to the hospital (placed on moistened gauze and cooled), since there is a possibility that it can be reattached

AVULSION

INCISION

-tend to have smooth edges and resemble a surgical cut. The amount of bleeding depends on the depth, location and size of the wound

INCISION

CLOSED WOUND
- the skin is not broken open and remains intact. There is less of a chance that a closed wound will become infected.

TYPES OF CLOSED WOUND


A) Contusions -more commonly known as bruises, caused by a blunt force trauma that damage tissue under the skin. B) Hematomas -also called a blood tumor, caused by damage to a blood vessel that in turn causes blood to collect under the skin. C) Crush injury -caused by a great or extreme amount of force applied over a long period of time.