You are on page 1of 19

Safety in shipyard

(electrical
system)
Major uses of electrical sys
 Welding machine
 Crane
 Compressors
 Motors
 Cutting machine (CNC machine, plasma
cutter)
 Bending machine
 Various fitting machine (lathe, milling
machine etc)
 Shore supply to vessel
 Sand ballasting equipment
Electrical distribution system
Major hazards
 Electrocution (shock burn)
 Short circuit
 Fire

 Due to over load


Electrocution
 The potential for electrical shock hazards
is greater in shipbuilding and repair than
in other industries, because workers stand
on metal decks and often work in a wet
environment
Electrocution
 Reasons
• contact with or near to energized electrical
equipment.
• Unconsciousness
• Wetted surface

 precaution
• Before work is performed on circuits,, circuits
must be deenergized and checked at the point
where work will be performed to ensure the
circuits are actually deenergized.

• When testing or adjusting energized circuits, a
rubber or other suitable insulated deck mat must
be used.
Electrocution
precautions

• De energizing the circuit must be appropriately


completed by opening the circuit breaker,
opening the switch, or removing the fuse.

• The circuit breaker, switch, or fuse location must


be tagged to indicate work is occurring on the
circuit. Such tags must not be removed nor the
circuit energized until the work has been
completed.

• When work is performed immediately adjacent to


exposed energized parts, these parts must be
covered (for example, insulated) or other equally
safe means provided.
Electrocution
precautions
• Insulating materials (such as mats and gloves)
should be periodically tested or inspected

• All electrical tools or equipment should undergo a


visual inspection before use.

• All portable electric hand tools and temporary


lighting systems should utilize Ground Fault
Circuit Interrupters (GFCI).

• Only qualified electricians should attempt repair


of electrical tools and equipment in use.
Short circuit
 An abnormal condition (including an arc)
of relatively low impedance, between two
points of different potential in an electric
network or systems

 it an undesirable condition arising from


failure of electrical insulation
 Causes instant power failure
 Loss of appliances
 Fuse are used for avoiding short
circuit

 Circuit
breakers are used for the
same purpose
Fire
 Electrical issues
– Overloaded circuits, damaged wiring,
and defective switches and outlets can
all lead to electrical fires.
 Electrical issues
– Small portable fans
can pose a fire
hazard if they are
placed near
combustible
materials, or where
the blades of the
fan can easily catch
items.
– Damaged wiring on
portable fans, and
mounting portable
fans in walls also
increase your fire
risk.
Prevention Strategy
 Electrical
– Inspect all wiring,
switches and plugs
for damage.
 Repair must be
performed by an
“Electrical Qualified
Person”.
– All outlets, junction
boxes, and
electrical panels
must have proper
covers.
 Electrical
– Do not overload
motors or circuits,
which can easily
become a source of
ignition.
 Ccl4 fire
extinguisher should
be placed in fire
zone
– Electrical
 Improper use of
extension cords is
prohibited.
– Always plug
extension cords
and power strips
directly into
building wiring –
no “daisy
chaining”.
– Use heavy-duty,
grounded, single
appliance
extension cords
only.
 Electrical
– Multiple plug
adapters are
prohibited.
 Have additional wall
outlets installed.
 Use power strips
with breaker
protection instead.
Do not connect/disconnect electrical cords with wet hands.
conclusions
 HRC fuses should be used
 For bringing power to the shipyard
duplicate feeder (underground or
overhead) should be used
 Underground cable should be used
for power transmission inside
shipyard
 All the systems should be earthed
 Earth
leakage and earth fault should
be monitored

 Protection against lightening should


be made

 Auxiliary switch board should be


installed
 Safety symbols should be placed

 High voltage area should be specified