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GOVT.

SENIOR SECONDARY
SCHOOL RAM BAGH GATE
AMRITSAR
GOVT. S
ENIORSECON DARY
CHOOAM
S L RRIT
AMSAR
BAGH GATE
Co mpu
Princip
taler FaSu
–c ulty–
baSus Ku–hbaldu ee
ulty rAshoArpa
ld
Singh

GOVT. SENIORSECON DARY


SCHOOL RAM BAGH G ATE
AMRITSAR
Co mp
Principutaler Fac
–Su ulty
Su babas Ku–hs lduA ee
ldrArora
o pa
Sin gh

Principal – Subash Arora


GOVT. S
ENIORSECON DARY
CHOOAM
S L RRIT
AMSAR
BAGH GATE
Co mpu
Princip
taler FaSu
–c ulty–
baSus Ku–hbaldu ee
ulty rAshoArpa
ld
Singh

Computer Faculty – Kuldeep


Singh
Alfred Nobel

Presented by – Kuldeep Singh


Computer Faculty
Govt.Sen. Sec. school Ram Bagh Gate
Amritsar
Introduction

 Intodution - Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a swedish


chemist and scientist. He invented dynamite . But,
peoples criticised him for adding to horrors of war.
He is the known through the Nobel prizes awarded
every year to men of great merit. The Award were first
made in 1901.Two Indians have recieved these
awards, Rabindaranath Tagore for literature and Dr.
C.V. Raman for Physics.
CONTENTS
Sr. Contents
1. Word Meanings
2. Passage 1
3. Comprehension
4. Passage 2
5. Comprehension
6. Passage 3
7. Comprehension
8. Fill in the blanks
9. Textual Questions
10. Character sketch of Alfred Nobel
WORD MEANINGS
 Well-to-do - rich vast - very big before long - soon
 Aptitude - Ability to learn any thing quickly and easily
 Torment - to put to extreme pain disaster - destruction
 Occurred - took place modifying - changing immense - much
 Affected - influenced adding to - increasing
 Constructed - built odium - hatred deliberate - intentional
 Several - many overlooked - ignored
 Awarded - gave literary - of literature economic - financial
 Campaign - movement hurt - pained utmost - great
 Comment - biting remarks relief - satisfaction
 Promote - encourage considerations - reasons
 Crisis - a difficult time several - many
 Terrific - horrible terrific - horrible revolution - revolt
Passage 1
 At the beginning of the nineteenth century Stockholm was a quiet
little city inhabited by well-to-do Swedish and Norwegian merchants
who controlled much of the trade between northern Europe and
Russia. Behind the ,vast forests stretched far into the interior. Along
the waterfront modern industry was beginning to take shape around
shipyards engaged in constructing the naval frigates and four
-masted vessels of the day.
 It was against this background that Alfred Nobel was born on 21st
october,1833. His father ,a well-respected engineer of keen
intelligence and lively enterprise, was working at the time on the
chemical composition of explosives. Before long he succeeded in
making the first underwater mine, a contrivance which at once
attracted the attention of foreign powers who wished to add this new
weapon to their stock of armaments
Comprehension
Questions -
1.Who wrote these words and in which chapter ?
2. Where was Nobel born ?
3. What was the commercial and industrial
background of that place ?
Answers -
1. This passage has been written by Collins in the
chapter ‘Alfred Nobel’.
2. Alfred Nobel was born at Stockholm.
3. Rich Swedish and Norwegian merchants lived there.
Modern industry in the form of ship construction
was coming up.
Passage 2

Such violent feeling was too much for him. Rather than suffer
the wave of hatred which his presence in France had excited,
Nobel decided to leave the country and work in San Remo,
then a peaceful little seaside resort on the Italian Riviera.
There he made several new discoveries in other branches of
Chemistry and Physics, but he could not escape the odium to
the world even in this retreat. He had given all his time and
energy to the development of a particular field of science, and
what was the result ? A fortune, yes –the money kept pouring
in. For the rest, dislike and deliberate misunderstanding from
all around him
Comprehension
Questions –
1. Name the lesson and writer.
2. What made Nobel leave France ?
3. What did Nobel do at San Remo ?
Answers –
1. The name of lesson is Alfred Nobel. The name of
the writer is Collins.
2. A wave of hatred started against Nobel. He could
not suffer the violent feelings of hatred. So he
decided to leave France.
3. At San Remo Nobel made several new discoveries
in Chemistry and Physics.
Passage 3
Alfred Nobel knew that he would not live long-he died in fact in
1896-and it was in that last year of his life that he made a great
decision. In drawing up his will he set aside money to found
the Nobel Trust from which the munificent Nobel Prizes are
awarded…….
Five of these prizes are awarded every year regardless
of the nationality of the candidate. Three go to those who have
made the most important contribution to Physics, Chemistry
and medicine : one , the literary award, to the author whose
work shows most distinction in its idealistic qualities : another
to whoever has done most to promote the friendship of nations
and the abolition of warfare. The last is called the Nobel Peace
Prize. The award is made in the form of a symbolic degree
accompanied by a cheque for about dollar 15,000 which sum
is intended to enable the winner to live the rest of his life
without economic worries.
Comprehension
Questions –
1. Who wrote this passage and in which chapter ?
2. What decision did Nobel make in the last year of his life ?
3. What are the three branches of science in which Nobel Prizes
are awarded ?

Answers –
1. Collins has written this passage in the chapter ‘Alfred Nobel’.
2. He drew up his will, setting aside money for the Nobel Trust
which awards the Nobel Prizes.
3 . The three branches of science in which Nobel prizes are
awarded are Chemistry ,Physics and medicine.
Fill in the blanks
1. His father was a ………..engineer.
2. It was a ……….little city.
3. No children can forget Gandhi’s……..to the nation.
4. His passport is……….for a period of five years.
5.It was a ……..problem.
6. The French authorities refused him the right to ……..in France.
7. He……..a new machine.
8. Her ………in the meeting is essential.
9. he……from the jail last night.
10. It was in the last ………of his life that he made a great
decision.
Answers -
1. well respected 2. quite 3. services4. Valid 5. difficult
Textual Questions
Answer these questions –
Q.1. Why were the Nobel forced to return to Sweden ?
Ans. Russia decided to stop making mines at St. Petersburg. The
services of Alfred’s father were no longer required. So
Nobels were forced to return to Sweden.
Q.2. What two things did Alfred Nobel invent when he was
studying mechanical engineering ?
Ans. He invented a new type of gasometer and novel device for
measuring volume of water.
Q.3. What decision did Alfred Nobel make in the last year of his
life ?
Ans. He decided to set aside money to found the Nobel Trust from
which the Nobel Prizes are awarded.
Character sketch of Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel was a Swedish scientist. From his very childhood
he was interested in explosives because his father who was an
engineer made mines. He was a great inventor. He invented
explosives like nitroglycerine and dynamite. These inventions
made him very rich. But the French criticised him for his
inventions. They called him an “evil genius” and “a self-
educated master of destruction”. This broke his heart. He left
the country and went to live in a peaceful little seaside resort
on the Italian Riviera. He died in 1896. Before his death he set
aside a large sum of money from which Nobel Prizes are given
every year.
Bibliography

1. English Reader Book-VI


(P.S. Education Board)
2. Bindra General English
Prof. : Bindra M.A.

3. English Guide of 12th Class.


Summary

1. If the students will read it clearly then they can


solve the problems related to the chapter Alfred
Nobel.
2. I tried to solve the chapter related difficulties in a
play way method.

3. This presentation can be used for 12th class.

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