GOVT.

SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL RAM BAGH GATE AMRITSAR
GOVT. SNIORSECON DARY E C S HOOL RAM BAGH G ATE AMRITSAR Co Pincip Fac ba s ld roraa rmp al – u bs h u Ao p t Su ulty K ee uer S a – A rld u Sin g h

GO VT. SNIOR CON DARY E SE C L AMBA S HOO R SAR GATE AM RIT GH

Co P al Fc Su ba soAr mpuer Su a – u A p rincip – bs hld h a t a ultyK r ulty– ld u ee Sing h

Principal – Subash Arora Computer Faculty – Kuldeep Singh

GO VT. SNIOR CON DARY E SE C L AMBA S HOO R SAR GATE AM RIT GH

Co P al Fc Su ba soAr mpuer Su a – u A p rincip – bs hld h a t a ultyK r ulty– ld u ee Sing h

Alfred Nobel
Presented by – Kuldeep Singh Computer Faculty Govt.Sen. Sec. school Ram Bagh Gate Amritsar

Introduction
 Intodution - Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a swedish chemist and scientist. He invented dynamite . But, peoples criticised him for adding to horrors of war. He is the known through the Nobel prizes awarded every year to men of great merit. The Award were first made in 1901.Two Indians have recieved these awards, Rabindaranath Tagore for literature and Dr. C.V. Raman for Physics.

CONTENTS
Sr. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Contents Word Meanings Passage 1 Comprehension Passage 2 Comprehension Passage 3 Comprehension Fill in the blanks Textual Questions Character sketch of Alfred Nobel

WORD MEANINGS

           

Well-to-do - rich vast - very big before long - soon Aptitude Ability to learn any thing quickly and easily Torment - to put to extreme pain disaster - destruction Occurred - took place modifying - changing immense - much Affected - influenced adding to - increasing Constructed - built odium - hatred deliberate - intentional Several - many overlooked - ignored Awarded - gave literary - of literature economic - financial Campaign - movement hurt - pained utmost - great Comment - biting remarks relief - satisfaction Promote - encourage considerations - reasons Crisis - a difficult time several - many Terrific - horrible terrific - horrible revolution - revolt

Passage 1
 At the beginning of the nineteenth century Stockholm was a quiet little city inhabited by well-to-do Swedish and Norwegian merchants who controlled much of the trade between northern Europe and Russia. Behind the ,vast forests stretched far into the interior. Along the waterfront modern industry was beginning to take shape around shipyards engaged in constructing the naval frigates and four -masted vessels of the day. It was against this background that Alfred Nobel was born on 21st october,1833. His father ,a well-respected engineer of keen intelligence and lively enterprise, was working at the time on the chemical composition of explosives. Before long he succeeded in making the first underwater mine, a contrivance which at once attracted the attention of foreign powers who wished to add this new weapon to their stock of armaments

Comprehension
Questions 1.Who wrote these words and in which chapter ? 2. Where was Nobel born ? 3. What was the commercial and industrial background of that place ? Answers 1. This passage has been written by Collins in the chapter ‘Alfred Nobel’. 2. Alfred Nobel was born at Stockholm. 3. Rich Swedish and Norwegian merchants lived there. Modern industry in the form of ship construction was coming up.

Passage 2
Such violent feeling was too much for him. Rather than suffer the wave of hatred which his presence in France had excited, Nobel decided to leave the country and work in San Remo, then a peaceful little seaside resort on the Italian Riviera. There he made several new discoveries in other branches of Chemistry and Physics, but he could not escape the odium to the world even in this retreat. He had given all his time and energy to the development of a particular field of science, and what was the result ? A fortune, yes –the money kept pouring in. For the rest, dislike and deliberate misunderstanding from all around him

Comprehension
Questions – 1. 2. 3. Name the lesson and writer. What made Nobel leave France ? What did Nobel do at San Remo ?

Answers – 1. The name of lesson is Alfred Nobel. The name of the writer is Collins. 2. A wave of hatred started against Nobel. He could not suffer the violent feelings of hatred. So he decided to leave France. At San Remo Nobel made several new discoveries in Chemistry and Physics.

3.

Passage 3
Alfred Nobel knew that he would not live long-he died in fact in 1896-and it was in that last year of his life that he made a great decision. In drawing up his will he set aside money to found the Nobel Trust from which the munificent Nobel Prizes are awarded……. Five of these prizes are awarded every year regardless of the nationality of the candidate. Three go to those who have made the most important contribution to Physics, Chemistry and medicine : one , the literary award, to the author whose work shows most distinction in its idealistic qualities : another to whoever has done most to promote the friendship of nations and the abolition of warfare. The last is called the Nobel Peace Prize. The award is made in the form of a symbolic degree accompanied by a cheque for about dollar 15,000 which sum is intended to enable the winner to live the rest of his life without economic worries.

Comprehension
Questions – 1. 2. 3. Who wrote this passage and in which chapter ? What decision did Nobel make in the last year of his life ? What are the three branches of science in which Nobel Prizes are awarded ?

Answers – 1. 2. Collins has written this passage in the chapter ‘Alfred Nobel’. He drew up his will, setting aside money for the Nobel Trust which awards the Nobel Prizes.

3 . The three branches of science in which Nobel prizes are awarded are Chemistry ,Physics and medicine.

Fill in the blanks
1. His father was a ………..engineer. 2. It was a ……….little city. 3. No children can forget Gandhi’s……..to the nation. 4. His passport is……….for a period of five years. 5.It was a ……..problem. 6. The French authorities refused him the right to ……..in France. 7. He……..a new machine. 8. Her ………in the meeting is essential. 9. he……from the jail last night. 10. It was in the last ………of his life that he made a great decision. Answers 1. well respected 2. quite 3. services4. Valid 5. difficult

Textual Questions
Answer these questions – Q.1. Why were the Nobel forced to return to Sweden ? Ans. Russia decided to stop making mines at St. Petersburg. The services of Alfred’s father were no longer required. So Nobels were forced to return to Sweden. Q.2. What two things did Alfred Nobel invent when he was studying mechanical engineering ? Ans. He invented a new type of gasometer and novel device for measuring volume of water. Q.3. What decision did Alfred Nobel make in the last year of his life ? Ans. He decided to set aside money to found the Nobel Trust from which the Nobel Prizes are awarded.

Character sketch of Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel was a Swedish scientist. From his very childhood he was interested in explosives because his father who was an engineer made mines. He was a great inventor. He invented explosives like nitroglycerine and dynamite. These inventions made him very rich. But the French criticised him for his inventions. They called him an “evil genius” and “a selfeducated master of destruction”. This broke his heart. He left the country and went to live in a peaceful little seaside resort on the Italian Riviera. He died in 1896. Before his death he set aside a large sum of money from which Nobel Prizes are given every year.

Bibliography
1. English Reader Book-VI (P.S. Education Board) 2. Bindra General English Prof. : Bindra M.A. 3. English Guide of 12th Class.

Summary
1. If the students will read it clearly then they can solve the problems related to the chapter Alfred Nobel. I tried to solve the chapter related difficulties in a play way method. This presentation can be used for 12th class.

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