Lesson plan 12thCLASS TOPICNOUN AND VERB

Efforts by: Miss. PoojaBhagat Government secondary school, Meharbanpura, Amritsar.

Part of speech
Words are divided into different kinds or classes, called parts of speech, according to their use; that is, according to the work they do in a sentence.

The parts of speech are eight in number.
NOUN  ADJECTIVE  PRONOUN  VERB  ADVERB  PREPOSITION  CONJUNCTION  INTERJUNCTION

Definition of parts of speech
NOUN Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing. ADJECTIVE Adjective is a word which adds something to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun. PRONOUN Pronoun is a word can be used in place of a noun is called a pronoun. VERB Verb is a word used to say something about some person, place or thing. ADVERB Adverb is a word which qualifies or adds to the meaning of a verb an adjective or an adverb. PREPOSITION A Preposition is a word used with a noun or a person to show how the person or thing denoted by the noun or pronoun stands in relation to something else. CONJUNCTION A Conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences. INTERJECTION A Interjection is a word which express some sudden feelings.

NOUN
Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing; as, Akbar was a great king. Calcutta is on the hooghly. The rose smells sweet. The sun shines bright. His courage won him honors. Note The word thing includes (i) all objects that we can see, hear, taste, touch or smell; and (ii) Something that we an think of, but cannot perceive by the senses

Kinds of noun
 PROPER NOUN  COMMON NOUN  ABSTRACT NOUN  COLLECTIVE NOUN  MATERIAL NOUN

PROPER NOUN
Proper noun is a name of a particular person, a place or a thing. Example: Gita, Monika, Delhi, Amritsar. (i) My aunt lives in Delhi. (ii) Mr.Ramlal is our english teacher. (iii) My father reads The Tribune daily. (iv) The Ganga is a holy river. (v) Delhi is a capital of India Note Proper noun always starts with ‘capital letter’ is always singular in number

COMMON NOUN
A Common noun is a name that is shared by everything of the same kind. Example: Chair, House, Table, Train. (i) The ladies looked after their childreen. (ii) The building has many offices. (iii) A fish lives in water and not on land. (iv) Trees grow every where. (v) I have written many books.

ABSTRACT NOUN
Abstract noun names things that we cannot see or touch but which we can only think of or feel. The words Courage, Pain, Breadth, Advice, Ability, are also noun. Example: Hope, Death, Kindness, Hunger. (i) Gandhiji believed in Honesty. (ii) The girls height is more than the boys. (iii) There was silence all around. (iv) Truth is evergreen. (v) Honesty is the best policy.

COLLECTIVE NOUN
A Collective noun is the name of a collection or number of persons, animals or things of the same kind and spoken of as one whole. Example Team, Crowd, Bunch are collective noun. (i) Our team won the match. (ii) I am proud of Indian army. (iii) A basket of fruit. (iv) A bunch of keys. (v) A string of pearls.

MATERIAL NOUN
Material noun is the name of a matter or substance of which the things are made. Example: Milk, Wheat, Gold. (i) The knife is made of steel. (ii) This table is made of wood. (iii) Wild grass was growing in the field. (iv) The ring is made of gold.

VERB
A Verb is a word used to say something about some person, place or thing. Or A Verb is an action or doing word . It tells what a person, animal or thing does. Or A verb tells what a person, animal or thing does.

THE VERB KINDS
 TRANSITIVE VERB  INTRANSITIVE VERB  AUXILIARY VERB

TRANSITIVE VERB
A Verb that requires an object to complete its sense is called a transitive verb. Example (i) Ram sings a song. (ii) Children loves sweets.

INTRANSITIVE VERB
A Verb that does not require an object to make sense but makes good sense itself is called an intransitive verb Example: (i) Geeta goes. (ii) Birds fly. (iii) The baby sleeps.

AUXILIARY VERB
An Auxiliary verb is helping verb. It helps a principle verb to form a Tense, Mood, Voice. Example: (i) He is (auxiliary verb) writing (Principle verb) a letter. (ii) She has (auxiliary verb) found (Principle verb) a pen.

Main and the chief Auxiliary verb.
Is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, might, can, could, shall, should will, would, must, ought, let.

THREE FORMS OF THE VERB
First Form: It is either used alone or with the helping verb. Example: (i) We play cricket. (ii) I shall beat him. Second Form: It is always used alone. Example: (i) she saw a bear. (ii) I took milk. Third Form: It is either used with has, have, had or to form the passive voice of the verb. Example: (i) I have found a book. (ii) The cake was made by mother.

Conjugation of verbs
Present Allow Aim Abide Awake Be Bear Choose Cry Draw Dwell Eat Grow Put Rise Know Try Quit Past allowed aimed abode awoke was bore chose cried drew dwelt ate grew put rose knew tried quit Past Participle allowed aimed abode awoken been borne chosen cried drawn dwelt eaten grown put risen known tried quit

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