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Author :- J.

L Nehru
JL Nehru was 1st Prime Minister of India

Harpreet Kaur
Computer Faculty
R.No - 79

This Lesson is an extract from the author’s

book ‘The Discovery of India’. He makes
us realize that there is unity in India. The
variety on the surface only emphasizes the
underlying unity of India. This unity binds
the various communities of India together.
One culture + One Heritage

One Language + one way of life = UNITY

The variety of India is great. It is very clear. It can
be seen in physical features as well as in certain mental
habits and traits. There is hardly anything common
outwardly between a Pathan from the North-west and a
Tamil in the far South. They differ in face and figure, food
and clothing and language. The customs of the people in
the North-West and Kashmir remind us of the countries
beyond the Himalayas.
These countries and Afghanistan were
united with India for thousands of year. The old Turkish
and other races of Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia
were Buddhists before the coming of Islam. Before that
these races were Hindus. The frontier area was one of the
main centres of old Indian culture. It has several ruins of
Hindu monuments.
East or West…….
INDIA is the best…….
Differences of big or small can always be noticed even
within a very well knit national group. The unity of that
group becomes apparent when it is compared to another
national group. He would have felt a stranger in another
country. Those having a religion of non- Indian origin
became Indians after settling down in India. They are
Christians, Jews, Parsis, Muslims.
In the modern age, the conception of Nationalism
has developed much more. Indians in foreign countries
form a national group and hang together for various
All the Indians have of different pictures of their
native land. While thinking of India Nehru thinks of
many things- fields, villages, towns and cities, rainy
season, which is life giving, great rivers and their flowing
waters, the snow covered Himalayas and beautiful
Kashmir valley.

Q.1. What outward differences between the Tamil

and country India ?

Ans. The diversity of India can be seen between the
Tamil and Pathan in their physical appearances,
food, clothing and language.

Q.2 What common bond bearing the impress of India

can still be seen between the Tamil and Pathan ?

Ans. The impress of India can be found in the same
national heritage and the same set of moral and
mental qualities which people of the different
parts of the country have.
have remained essentially Indian ?
(b) what common things have they retained ?
Ans.(a) Bengalis, Marathas, Gujaratis, the Andhras, the

Oriyas, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris etc. have

remained essentially Indians.
(b) They have retained their Indianness with the
same national heritage and the same set of moral
and mental qualities.

Q.4. what relationship of nearness does the frontier area

bear with India ?

Ans.The frontier area was a big centre of old Indian
culture. It has ruins of the monuments of
monasteries and the University of Taxila where
students came from different parts of India and
Asian countries.
Q.5. How have people of other countries looked
upon the visiting Indians ?
Ans. Indians visiting foreign countries are looked
upon as foreigners. An Indian Christian visiting a
Christian is looked upon as an Indian. An Indian
Muslim visiting a Muslim country is also regarded
as a foreigner.

Q. 6. Mention some of the many things that Nehru

thinks of when he thinks India ?
Ans. Nehru thinks of the vast fields dotted with
small villages, of the cities and towns visited by
him, of the magic of rainy season, of great rivers ,
of the Khyber Pass, of the Southern tip of the
Himalayas and the people of India.

 Diversity – Variety  Frontier - Boundaries

Tremendous – Very great Faith – Believe in religion

 Obvious - Clear  Beliefs – Faiths

Lies On - Appears Fade Out – Disappear

 Concerns – Relate to  Considered – Thought

Traits - Qualities Impress - Influence

 Remind - Recall  Dominant – Most Powerful

Abound - Full of ruins Alien - Foreigner

 Entirely – Completely  Bonds - Ties

Advent - Arrival Failings - Weaknesses

 Ancient - Very Old  Professed – Followed

Apparently - Clearly Seen Comprising – Including
With Suitable Determiners

• The diversity of India is tremendous.

• It lies on the surface and anybody can see it.
• There is little in common between the Pathan and the
• When I think of India, I think of many things.
• Foreign influences poured in and often influenced that
• Differences can always be noticed even within a
national group.
• An Indian Christian is looked upon as Indian in Iran.

 LIE (Noun) She is telling a lie.

(Verb) He will lie on this issue.
 FIGURE (Noun) She has got a good figure.
(Verb) I can not figure out his intensions

 DREAM (Noun) I had a dream last night.

(Verb) He dreamt last night.
 BLOOD (Noun) Blood is flowing from his arm.
(Verb) His wound is bleeding.
 VISIT (Noun) He paid a visit to our college.
(Verb) He visited our house.
• Complementary Textbook
• Internet
• Encyclopedia Encarta