Frederick I.

Herzberg (1923-2000)
My Biography

His Theory

By Yamila Fernández & Melissa Cantini

Biography
• • Herzberg was born in Lynn, Massachusetts on April 18, 1923. He did his undergraduate work at CCNY and then obtained graduate degrees at the University of Pittsburg. • Herzberg was professor of management at Case Western Reserve University where he established the Department of Industrial Mental Health. • It was noted that "The Father of Job Enrichment" and the originator of the "Motivation-Hygiene Theory" "became both an icon and a legend among post-war visionaries such as Abraham Maslow, Peter Drucker and Douglas MacGregor. • His book, Work and the Nature of Man was listed as one of the 10 most important books impacting management theory and practice in the 20th century.

In this article we may read that he was Considered the “world’s greatest Authority on innovative management”.

Theory
• Frederick contributed to human relations and motivations with two theories based on hygiene and motivations.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o87s-2YtG4Y

Factors
• The hygiene factors includes: – The organization – Its policies and its administration – The kind of supervision received by the workers – Interpersonal relations – Salary – Status – Job security. • The motivation factors: – Achievement – Recognition of achievement – Interest in task – Growth and advancement to higher level tasks.

Both of these approaches (hygiene and motivation) must be done simultaneously. Treat people as best you can so they have a minimum of dissatisfaction. Use people so they get achievement, recognition for achievement, interes, and responsibility so they can grow and advance in their work.

Herzberg's Motivation – Hygiene Theory
FREDERICK HERZBERG devised his theory in 1959.  His research involved studying accountants and engineers.  He felt that there were two types of factors affecting motivation and job satisfaction, namely hygiene and maintenance factors ("dissatisfiers"), and motivators or growth factors ("satisfiers"). 

Effects on work groups of working environment
• It will determine whether the group achieves the objectives set by the organization. • It will determine whether the degree of cooperation provided by the group. • It will motivate the group to give their best. • It will determine whether the human relations within an organization are good or bad. • Ant finally, it will also affect the relations between management and trade unions.

As a conclusion we can remind that the motivation factors are…
– Achievement – Recognition of achievement – Growth / advancement – Interest in job – Payment

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