WHAP – Mr.

Duez Unit 3 Age of Accelerating Connections, 500-1500 Chapter 11 The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, 600–1500

What distinguished the first centuries of Islamic history from the early history of Christianity and Buddhism? What similarities and differences characterized their religious outlooks?

What distinguished the first centuries of Islamic history from the early history of Christianity and Buddhism? What similarities and differences characterized their religious outlooks?
Islam differed sharply from Christianity and Buddhism because its founder was not only a religious figure but also a political and military leader. Moreover, from the start the Islamic community found itself constituted as a state. Because of this, Islam did not develop as clearly defined a separation between church and state as did both Christianity and Buddhism.

What distinguished the first centuries of Islamic history from the early history of Christianity and Buddhism? What similarities and differences characterized their religious outlooks?
There were some similarities in their religious outlooks: •all 3 religions were founded by single historical figures who had powerful religious experiences; •all 3 provide a clear path to salvation; and •all 3 proclaim the equality of all believers.

Philipp Steinweber and Andreas Koller

Similar Diversity, 2007
A visualization of the similarities and difference between the holy books of five world religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism.

What distinguished the first centuries of Islamic history from the early history of Christianity and Buddhism? What similarities and differences characterized their religious outlooks?
• However, Islam’s conception of monotheism was stronger than that of Christianity; and • Each religion was shaped in part by the cultural traditions in which it emerged.

How does the core message of Islam compare with that of Judaism and Christianity?
• Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, is monotheistic. Allah is the only God, the allpowerful Creator. • As “the Messenger of God,” Muhammad presented himself in the tradition of earlier prophets like Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. • Like the Jewish prophets and Jesus, Muhammad demanded social justice and laid out a prescription for its implementation.