SARITA 201193 SHEETAL 201112

 Industrial

unrest is the term used to describe activities

undertaken by the workforce when they protest against pay or conditions of their employment.
 Actions

may include strikes, sit- ins , slowdowns or work-

to-rule. Historically, riots also took place, such as the action taken by the Luddites during the Industrial Revolution, and other machine-wrecking outbreaks.

or between employers and workmen. 1947 "industrial dispute" is defined as." .The definition of Industrial disputes is as follows: According to Section 2(k) of the Industrial Disputes Act. or between workmen and workmen. which is connected with the employment or non-employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour. "Any disputes or differences between employers and employers. of any person.

boycott. Whenever industrial disputes arise. strike. namely. labour and management. namely. picketing and gherao. It must be connected with employment or non-employment or with the conditions of labour. . This disagreement or difference could be on any matter concerning them individually or collectively. workers generally resort to one or more of the following weapons.Industrial dispute is disagreement and difference between two disputants.


1947 as: "It means a cessation(discontinuance) of work by a body of persons employed in an industry acting in combination. Strike can be defined according to the Industrial Disputes Act.STRIKE  When workers collectively cease to work in an industry. it is known as strike. or a refusal under a common understanding of any number of such persons to continue to work or to accept employment". or a concerted refusal of any number of persons who are or have been so employed to continue to work or to accept employment. .

The workers may decide to boycott the company in two ways. (3)Picketing. . When workers are dissuaded (put-off)from work by stationing certain men at the factory gates. The main object of gherao is to inflict-physical and mental torture to the person being gheraoed and hence this weapon disturbs the industrial peace to a great extent. Firstly by not using its products and secondly by making an appeal to the public in general. it is perfectly legal. Gherao in Hindi means to surround.(2) Boycott. In the former case. such a step is known as picketing. the boycott is known as primary and in the latter secondary If is a coercive method whereby the management is forced to accept their demands. (4)Gherao. If picketing does not involve any violence. The workers may gherao the members of the management by blocking their exits and forcing them to stay inside their cabins.

WEAPONS USED BY THE MANAGEMENT 1. "lock-out means the closing of a place of employment or the suspension of work. 3. Their lists may be circulated to other employers so as to restrict their chances of getting employment with those employers. 2. According to the Industrial Disputes Act. or the refusal by an employer to continue to employ any number of persons employed by him. Such a step is technically known as lock -out. Employers' Association. 1947. . It is the reverse of a strike and is a very powerful weapon in the hands of an employer to pressurize the workers to return to the place of work. The employers may terminate the services of those workers who are on strike by blacklisting them. The employers may form their unions to collectively oppose the working class and put pressure on the trade unions.Lock -out. An employer may close down the place of employment temporarily. Termination of Service.


Demand for higher gratuity and other retirement benefits. Demand for certain allowances such as:        House rent allowance Medical allowance Night shift allowance Conveyance allowance Demand for paid holidays. Better working conditions. etc. Economic Cause: These causes may be classified as:  Demand for increase in wages on account of increase in all-India Consumer Price Index for industrial workers.   Demand for higher bonus. Reduction of working hours.CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES 1. .

industrial disputes arise because of personnel problems like dismissal. to curb indiscipline and violence. may resort to lock –outs. etc. . transfer. their leadership vests in the hands of persons who are more interested in achieving their political interests rather than the interests of the workers. 5. layoff. promotion. 3. Political Causes: Various political parties control Trade unions in India.recognition of trade union Rumors spread out by undesirable elements Working conditions and working methods    Lack of proper communication Behavior of supervisors Inter trade union Rivalry etc.Misc.2. retrenchment. Personnel Causes: Sometimes. causes: Some of the other causes of industrial disputes can be:     Workers' resistance to rationalization. In many cases.lndiscipline: Industrial disputes also take place because of indiscipline and violence on the part of the workforce. 4. The management. introduction of new machinery and change of place Non.

 Mutual Accommodation(Adjustment)  Sincere Implementation of Agreements  Workers participation in Management  Sound personnel policies  Government's Role.  .STRENGTHENING INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS Progressive Management out look  Strong & Stable Unions  Mutual Trust.


is India's largest automobile company by volume. in northern Haryana state. on 9th oct 2011 dismissed 10 employees. The local unit of Suzuki Motor Corp. a subsidiary of Suzuki Motor Corporation. Maruti Suzuki India .   . suspended as many and terminated five trainees who it alleged were involved in violence at the Manesar plant. after regular workers at its factory at Manesar. demanded the reinstatement of 44 suspended colleagues who weren't taken back after a 33-day impasse with the management ended Oct. 1. The strike at Maruti Suzuki began months ago.

. Coal India Chairman Nirmal Chandra Jha said the workers are demanding an annual bonus of 23.500 rupees. Suzuki Motor Powertrain India Ltd.000 rupees paid already by the management despite any substantial increase in coal production. forcing the auto maker to curtail car production at its Gurgaon factory. have also halted work in support of their peers at Maruti.   . The unrest at Suzuki Powertrain led to a complete halt in supplies of diesel engines and transmissions to Maruti. Workers from three other plants at Manesar owned by Suzuki Motorcycle India Pvt. also in Haryana Meanwhile. Ltd. and Suzuki Castings Ltd. against the 17.

31. .  This strike also brought down the shares of Maruti substantially. who spearheaded a movement against the alleged malpractices at Maruti and to set up a new union that would better represent the workers’ interests. Sonu Gujjar and Shiv Kumar.000 units lost were in October alone. More than 40. The report puts the spotlight back on two workers.000 of the 83.These frequent strikes washed away 60% of Maruti’s profit in the July-September quarter but analysts fear that the impact could be more pronounced in the three months through Dec. the Economic Times reported that something similar took place behind the scenes at the Maruti factory.   This strike was going on…then on 4th Nov 2011 Friday.

Gujjar and Mr. Kumar cut a sweet deal for themselves – leaving the other 1. on the outskirts of New Delhi.6 million rupees each as part of the final settlement.500 in the lurch. Kumar reportedly quit there jobs in exchange for 4 million rupees (about $81.300) each – an amount that otherwise would’ve likely taken them more than a decade to earn. Kumar were among the 30 workers suspended by Maruti for indiscipline last month. they not only lost their salaries but the management has declined to allow a separate union. the report said. Now. The other 28 workers got 1. Mr. They forfeited 74-days’ worth of wage to push through with their fight: they went on strike for a total of 59 days so far since June.   The report claims both Mr. Mr. That is in sharp contrast to their colleagues from the Maruti factory at Manesar. . Gujjar and Mr. Gujjar and Mr.

if proved. Gujjar and Mr. Mr. is set to create a trust deficit among the workers. The report. Their exit could help put production back on track at the Manesar factory.   . They are now considering filing a criminal case against Mr. Gujjar and Mr.000 vehicles since June. Kumar had become an eye sore due to their leading involvement in the labor agitations. For Maruti. As Maruti management heaves a sigh of relief. workers from Manesar are feeling betrayed. where the company has lost an estimated output of 83. who will likely also struggle with a leadership vacuum. Kumar if any monetary transaction is proven.

com/article/2011/10/14/idINIndia59896420111014   .scribd.wsj.wsj.reuters.reuters.BIBLIOGRAPHY    http://blogs.html 22690204234926.

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